Sunday, December 5, 2010

15 ANNA UNIVERSITY CHENNAI : : CHENNAI – 600 025 AFFILIATED INSTITUTIONS B.E. (8 SEMESTER) ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING CURRICULUM – R 2008 SEMESTER VI (Applicable to the students admitted from the Academic year 2008–2009 onwards) CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C THEORY MG2351 Principles of Management 3 0 0 3 EC2351 Measurements and Instrumentation 3 0 0 3 EC2352 Computer Networks 3 0 0 3 EC2353 Antenna and Wave Propagation 3 1 0 4 EC2354 VLSI Design 3 0 0 3 Elective I 3 0 0 3 PRACTICAL EC2356 Computer Networks Lab 0 0 3 2 EC2357 VLSI Design Lab 0 0 3 2 GE2321 Communication Skills Lab 0 0 4 2 TOTAL 18 1 10 25 SEMESTER VII (Applicable to the students admitted from the Academic year 2008–2009 onwards) CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C THEORY EC2401 Wireless Communication 3 0 0 3 EC2402 Optical Communication and Networking 3 0 0 3 EC2403 RF and Microwave Engineering 3 0 0 3 Elective II 3 0 0 3 Elective III 3 0 0 3 Elective IV 3 0 0 3 PRACTICAL EC2404 Electronics System Design Lab 0 0 3 2 EC2405 Optical & Microwave Lab 0 0 3 2 TOTAL 18 0 6 22 16 SEMESTER VIII (Applicable to the students admitted from the Academic year 2008–2009 onwards) CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C THEORY Elective V 3 0 0 3 Elective VI 3 0 0 3 PRACTICAL EC2451 Project Work 0 0 12 6 TOTAL 6 0 12 12 LIST OF ELECTIVES SEMESTER VI – Elective I CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C EC2021 Medical Electronics 3 0 0 3 EC2022 Operating Systems 3 0 0 3 EC2023 Solid State Electronic Devices 3 0 0 3 EC2024 Speech Processing 3 0 0 3 MA2264 Numerical Methods 3 1 0 4 CS2021 Multicore Programming 3 0 0 3 SEMESTER VII - Elective II CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C EC2030 Advanced Digital Signal Processing 3 0 0 3 GE2022 Total Quality Management 3 0 0 3 EC2035 Cryptography and Network Security 3 0 0 3 EC2036 Information Theory 3 0 0 3 GE2071 Intellectual Property Rights 3 0 0 3 GE2021 Professional Ethics in Engineering 3 0 0 3 SEMESTER VII - Elective III CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C EC2027 Advanced Microprocessors EC2028 Internet and Java 3 0 0 3 CS2060 High Speed Networks 3 0 0 3 CS2053 Soft Computing 3 0 0 3 EC2037 Multimedia Compression & Communication 3 0 0 3 EC2039 Parallel and Distributed Processing 3 0 0 3 17 SEMESTER VII - Elective IV CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C EC2029 Digital Image Processing 3 0 0 3 EC2031 Electromagnetic Interference and Compatibility 3 0 0 3 EC2033 Power Electronics 3 0 0 3 EC2034 Television and Video Engineering 3 0 0 3 EC2038 Nano Electronics 3 0 0 3 EC2041 Avionics 3 0 0 3 SEMESTER VIII - Elective V CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C EC2042 Embedded and Real Time Systems 3 0 0 3 EC2046 Advanced Electronic system design 3 0 0 3 EC2047 Optoelectronic devices 3 0 0 3 EC2050 Mobile Adhoc Networks 3 0 0 3 EC2051 Wireless Sensor Networks 3 0 0 3 EC2052 Remote Sensing 3 0 0 3 EC2053 Engineering Acoustics 3 0 0 3 SEMESTER VIII - Elective VI CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C EC2043 Wireless networks 3 0 0 3 EC2044 Telecommunication Switching and Networks 3 0 0 3 EC2045 Satellite Communication 3 0 0 3 EC2048 Telecommunication System Modeling and Simulation 3 0 0 3 EC2049 Radar and Navigational Aids 3 0 0 3 EC2054 Optical Networks 3 0 0 3 18 MG2351 PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I OVERVIEW OF MANAGEMENT 9 Definition - Management - Role of managers - Evolution of Management thought - Organization and the environmental factors – Trends and Challenges of Management in Global Scenario. UNIT II PLANNING 9 Nature and purpose of planning - Planning process - Types of plans – Objectives - - Managing by objective (MBO) Strategies - Types of strategies - Policies - Decision Making - Types of decision - Decision Making Process - Rational Decision Making Process - Decision Making under different conditions. UNIT III ORGANIZING 9 Nature and purpose of organizing - Organization structure - Formal and informal groups I organization - Line and Staff authority - Departmentation - Span of control - Centralization and Decentralization - Delegation of authority - Staffing - Selection and Recruitment - Orientation - Career Development - Career stages – Training - - Performance Appraisal. UNIT IV DIRECTING 9 Creativity and Innovation - Motivation and Satisfaction - Motivation Theories - Leadership Styles - Leadership theories - Communication - Barriers to effective communication - Organization Culture - Elements and types of culture - Managing cultural diversity. UNIT V CONTROLLING 9 Process of controlling - Types of control - Budgetary and non-budgetary control techniques - Managing Productivity - Cost Control - Purchase Control - Maintenance Control - Quality Control - Planning operations. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS: 1. Stephen P. Robbins and Mary Coulter, 'Management', Prentice Hall of India, 8th edition. 2. Charles W L Hill, Steven L McShane, 'Principles of Management', Mcgraw Hill Education, Special Indian Edition, 2007. REFERENCES: 1. Hellriegel, Slocum & Jackson, ' Management - A Competency Based Approach', Thomson South Western, 10th edition, 2007. 2. Harold Koontz, Heinz Weihrich and Mark V Cannice, 'Management - A global & Entrepreneurial Perspective', Tata Mcgraw Hill, 12th edition, 2007. 3. Andrew J. Dubrin, 'Essentials of Management', Thomson Southwestern, 7th edition, 2007. 19 EC2351 MEASUREMENTS AND INSTRUMENTATION L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I BASIC MEASUREMENT CONCEPTS 9 Measurement systems – Static and dynamic characteristics – units and standards of measurements – error :- accuracy and precision, types, statistical analysis – moving coil, moving iron meters – multimeters – Bridge measurements : – Maxwell, Hay, Schering, Anderson and Wien bridge. UNIT II BASIC ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENTS 9 Electronic multimeters – Cathode ray oscilloscopes – block schematic – applications – special oscilloscopes :– delayed time base oscilloscopes, analog and digital storage oscilloscope, sampling oscilloscope – Q meters – Vector meters – RF voltage and power measurements – True RMS meters. UNIT III SIGNAL GENERATORS AND ANALYZERS 9 Function generators – pulse and square wave generators, RF signal generators – Sweep generators – Frequency synthesizer – wave analyzer – Harmonic distortion analyzer – spectrum analyzer :- digital spectrum analyzer, Vector Network Analyzer – Digital L,C,R measurements, Digital RLC meters. UNIT IV DIGITAL INSTRUMENTS 9 Comparison of analog and digital techniques – digital voltmeter – multimeters – frequency counters – measurement of frequency and time interval – extension of frequency range – Automation in digital instruments, Automatic polarity indication, automatic ranging, automatic zeroing, fully automatic digital instruments, Computer controlled test systems, Virtual instruments. UNIT V DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEMS AND FIBER OPTIC MEASUREMENTS 9 Elements of a digital data acquisition system – interfacing of transducers – multiplexing – data loggers –computer controlled instrumentation – IEEE 488 bus – fiber optic measurements for power and system loss – optical time domains reflectometer. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS: 1. Albert D.Helfrick and William D.Cooper – Modern Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques, Pearson / Prentice Hall of India, 2007. 2. Ernest O. Doebelin, Measurement Systems- Application and Design, TMH, 2007. REFERENCES: 1. Joseph J.Carr, Elements of Electronics Instrumentation and Measurement, Pearson Education, 2003. 2. Alan. S. Morris, Principles of Measurements and Instrumentation, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall of India, 2003. 3. David A. Bell, Electronic Instrumentation and measurements, Prentice Hall of India Pvt Ltd, 2003. 4. B.C. Nakra and K.K. Choudhry, Instrumentation, Meaurement and Analysis, 2nd Edition, TMH, 2004. 5. James W. Dally, William F. Riley, Kenneth G. McConnell, Instrumentation for Engineering Measurements, 2nd Edition, John Wiley, 2003. 20 EC2352 COMPUTER NETWORKS L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I PHYSICAL LAYER 9 Data Communications – Networks - Networks models – OSI model – Layers in OSI model – TCP / IP protocol suite – Addressing – Guided and Unguided Transmission media Switching: Circuit switched networks – Data gram Networks – Virtual circuit networks Cable networks for Data transmission: Dialup modems – DSL – Cable TV – Cable TV for Data transfer. UNIT II DATA LINK LAYER 10 Data link control: Framing – Flow and error control –Protocols for Noiseless and Noisy Channels – HDLC Multiple access: Random access – Controlled access Wired LANS : Ethernet – IEEE standards – standard Ethernet – changes in the standard – Fast Ethernet – Gigabit Ethernet. Wireless LANS : IEEE 802.11–Bluetooth. Connecting LANS: Connecting devices - Backbone networks - Virtual LANS Virtual circuit networks: Architecture and Layers of Frame Relay and ATM. UNIT III NETWORK LAYER 9 Logical addressing: IPv4, IPv6 addresses Internet Protocol: Internetworking – IPv4, IPv6 - Address mapping – ARP, RARP, BOOTP, DHCP, ICMP, IGMP, Delivery - Forwarding - Routing – Unicast, Multicast routing protocols. UNIT IV TRANSPORT LAYER 8 Process-to-Process delivery - User Datagram Protocol (UDP) – Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) – Congestion Control – Quality of services (QoS) – Techniques to improve QoS. UNIT V APPLICATION LAYER 9 Domain Name System (DNS) – E-mail – FTP – WWW – HTTP – Multimedia Network Security: Cryptography – Symmetric key and Public Key algorithms - Digital signature – Management of Public keys – Communication Security – Authentication Protocols. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS 1. Behrouz A. Foruzan, “Data communication and Networking”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2006: Unit I-IV 2. Andrew S. Tannenbaum, “Computer Networks”, Pearson Education, Fourth Edition, 2003: Unit V REFERENCES 1. Wayne Tomasi, “Introduction to Data Communication and Networking”, 1/e, Pearson Education. 2. James .F. Kurouse & W. Rouse, “Computer Networking: A Topdown Approach Featuring”,3/e, Pearson Education. 3. C.Sivaram Murthy, B.S.Manoj, “Ad hoc Wireless Networks – Architecture and Protocols”, Second Edition, Pearson Education. 21 4. Greg Tomshon, Ed Tittel, David Johnson. “Guide to Networking Essentials”, fifth edition, Thomson India Learning, 2007. 5. William Stallings, “Data and Computer Communication”, Eighth Edition, Pearson Education, 2000. EC2353 ANTENNA AND WAVE PROPAGATION L T P C 3 1 0 4 UNIT I ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION AND ANTENNA FUNDAMENTALS 9 Review of electromagnetic theory: Vector potential, Solution of wave equation, retarded case, Hertizian dipole. Antenna characteristics: Radiation pattern, Beam solid angle, Directivity, Gain, Input impedance, Polarization, Bandwidth, Reciprocity, Equivalence of Radiation patterns, Equivalence of Impedances, Effective aperture, Vector effective length, Antenna temperature. UNIT II WIRE ANTENNAS AND ANTENNA ARRAYS 9 Wire antennas: Short dipole, Radiation resistance and Directivity, Half wave Dipole, Monopole, Small loop antennas. Antenna Arrays: Linear Array and Pattern Multiplication, Two-element Array, Uniform Array, Polynomial representation, Array with non-uniform Excitation-Binomial Array UNIT III APERTURE ANTENNAS 9 Aperture Antennas: Magnetic Current and its fields, Uniqueness theorem, Field equivalence principle, Duality principle, Method of Images, Pattern properties, Slot antenna, Horn Antenna, Pyramidal Horn Antenna, Reflector Antenna-Flat reflector, Corner Reflector, Common curved reflector shapes, Lens Antenna. UNIT IV SPECIAL ANTENNAS AND ANTENNA MEASUREMENTS 9 Special Antennas: Long wire, V and Rhombic Antenna, Yagi-Uda Antenna, Turnstile Antenna, Helical Antenna- Axial mode helix, Normal mode helix, Biconical Antenna, Log periodic Dipole Array, Spiral Antenna, Microstrip Patch Antennas. Antenna Measurements: Radiation Pattern measurement, Gain and Directivity Measurements, Anechoic Chamber measurement. UNIT V RADIO WAVE PROPAGATION 9 Calculation of Great Circle Distance between any two points on earth, Ground Wave Propagation, Free-space Propagation, Ground Reflection, Surface waves, Diffraction, Wave propagation in complex Environments, Tropospheric Propagation, Tropospheric Scatter. Ionospheric propagation: Structure of ionosphere, Sky waves, skip distance, Virtual height, Critical frequency, MUF, Electrical properties of ionosphere, Effects of earth’s magnetic fields, Faraday rotation, Whistlers. L: 45, T: 15, TOTAL= 60 PERIODS TEXTBOOKS 1. E.C.Jordan and Balmain, “Electromagnetic waves and Radiating Systems”, Pearson Education / PHI, 2006 2. A.R.Harish, M.Sachidanada, “Antennas and Wave propagation”, Oxford University Press, 2007. 22 REFERENCES 1. John D.Kraus, Ronald J Marhefka and Ahmad S Khan, “Antennas for all Applications”, Tata McGraw-Hill Book Company, 3 ed, 2007. 2. G.S.N.Raju, Antenna Wave Propagation, Pearson Education, 2004. 3. Constantine A. Balanis, Antenna Theory Analysis and Desin, John Wiley, 2nd Edition, 2007. 4. R.E.Collins, “Antenna and Radiowave propagation”, 5. W.L Stutzman and G.A. Thiele, “Antenna analysis and design”, John Wiley, 2000. EC2354 VLSI DESIGN L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I CMOS TECHNOLOGY 9 A brief History-MOS transistor, Ideal I-V characteristics, C-V characteristics, Non ideal IV effects, DC transfer characteristics - CMOS technologies, Layout design Rules, CMOS process enhancements, Technology related CAD issues, Manufacturing issues UNIT II CIRCUIT CHARACTERIZATION AND SIMULATION 9 Delay estimation, Logical effort and Transistor sizing, Power dissipation, Interconnect, Design margin, Reliability, Scaling- SPICE tutorial, Device models, Device characterization, Circuit characterization, Interconnect simulation UNIT III COMBINATIONAL AND SEQUENTIAL CIRCUIT DESIGN 9 Circuit families –Low power logic design – comparison of circuit families – Sequencing static circuits, circuit design of latches and flip flops, Static sequencing element methodology- sequencing dynamic circuits – synchronizers UNIT IV CMOS TESTING 9 Need for testing- Testers, Text fixtures and test programs- Logic verification- Silicon debug principles- Manufacturing test – Design for testability – Boundary scan UNIT V SPECIFICATION USING VERILOG HDL 9 Basic concepts- identifiers- gate primitives, gate delays, operators, timing controls, procedural assignments conditional statements, Data flow and RTL, structural gate level switch level modeling, Design hierarchies, Behavioral and RTL modeling, Test benches, Structural gate level description of decoder, equality detector, comparator, priority encoder, half adder, full adder, Ripple carry adder, D latch and D flip flop. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXTBOOKS: 1. Weste and Harris: CMOS VLSI DESIGN (Third edition) Pearson Education, 2005 2. Uyemura J.P: Introduction to VLSI circuits and systems, Wiley 2002. REFERENCES: 1 D.A Pucknell & K.Eshraghian Basic VLSI Design, Third edition, PHI, 2003 2 Wayne Wolf, Modern VLSI design, Pearson Education, 2003 3 M.J.S.Smith: Application specific integrated circuits, Pearson Education, 1997 4 J.Bhasker: Verilog HDL primer, BS publication,2001 5 Ciletti Advanced Digital Design with the Verilog HDL, Prentice Hall of India, 2003 23 EC2356 COMPUTER NETWORKS LAB L T P C 0 0 3 2 1. PC to PC Communication Parallel Communication using 8 bit parallel cable Serial communication using RS 232C 2. Ethernet LAN protocol To create scenario and study the performance of CSMA/CD protocol through simulation 3. Token bus and token ring protocols To create scenario and study the performance of token bus and token ring protocols through simulation 4. Wireless LAN protocols To create scenario and study the performance of network with CSMA / CA protocol and compare with CSMA/CD protocols. 5. Implementation and study of stop and wait protocol 6. Implementation and study of Goback-N and selective repeat protocols 7. Implementation of distance vector routing algorithm 8. Implementation of Link state routing algorithm 9. Implementation of Data encryption and decryption 10. Transfer of files from PC to PC using Windows / Unix socket processing TOTAL= 45 PERIODS Requirement for a batch of 30 students S.No. Description of Equipment Quantity required 1. PC (with recent specification) 30 Nos. 2. Ethernet LAN trainer 2 3. Wireless LAN trainer 2 4. Network Simulator Software 20 Nos. 5. C. Complier All the 30 Systems 6. Java All the 30 systems 24 EC2357 VLSI DESIGN LAB L T P C 0 0 3 2 1. Design Entry and simulation of combinational logic circuits (8 bit adders, 4 bit multipliers, address decoders, multiplexers), Test bench creation, functional verification, and concepts of concurrent and sequential execution to be highlighted. 2. Design Entry and simulation of sequential logic circuits (counters, PRBS generators, accumulators). Test bench creation, functional verification, and concepts of concurrent and sequential execution to be highlighted. 3. Synthesis, P&R and Post P&R simulation for all the blocks/codes developed in Expt. No. 1 and No. 2 given above. Concepts of FPGA floor plan, critical path, design gate count, I/O configuration and pin assignment to be taught in this experiment. 4. Generation of configuration/fuse files for all the blocks/codes developed as part of Expt.1. and Expt. 2. FPGA devices must be configured and hardware tested for the blocks/codes developed as part of Expt. 1. and Expt. 2. The correctness of the inputs and outputs for each of the blocks must be demonstrated atleast on oscilloscopes (logic analyzer preferred). 5. Schematic Entry and SPICE simulation of MOS differential amplifier. Determination of gain, bandwidth, output impedance and CMRR. 6. Layout of a simple CMOS inverter, parasitic extraction and simulation. 7. Design of a 10 bit number controlled oscillator using standard cell approach, simulation followed by study of synthesis reports. 8. Automatic layout generation followed by post layout extraction and simulation of the circuit studied in Expt. No.7 Note 1. For Expt. 1 To 4 can be carried out using Altera (Quartus) / Xilinx (Alliance) / ACTEL (Libero) tools. Note 2. For expt. 5-8 introduce the student to basics of IC design. These have to be carried out using atleast 0.5u CMOS technology libraries. The S/W tools needed Cadence / MAGMA / Tanner. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS 25 GE2321 COMMUNICATION SKILLS LAB L T P C (Fifth / Sixth Semester) 0 0 4 2 A. English Language Lab (18 Periods) 1. Listening Comprehension: (6) Listening and typing – Listening and sequencing of sentences – Filling in the blanks - Listening and answering questions. 2. Reading Comprehension: (6) Filling in the blanks - Close exercises – Vocabulary building - Reading and answering questions. 3. Speaking: (6) Phonetics: Intonation – Ear training - Correct Pronunciation – Sound recognition exercises – Common Errors in English. Conversations: Face to Face Conversation – Telephone conversation – Role play activities (Students take on roles and engage in conversation) B. Discussion of audio-visual materials (6 periods) (Samples are available to learn and practice) 1. Resume / Report Preparation / Letter Writing (1) Structuring the resume / report - Letter writing / Email Communication - Samples. 2. Presentation skills: (1) Elements of effective presentation – Structure of presentation - Presentation tools – Voice Modulation – Audience analysis - Body language – Video samples 3. Soft Skills: (2) Time management – Articulateness – Assertiveness – Psychometrics – Innovation and Creativity - Stress Management & Poise - Video Samples 4. Group Discussion: (1) Why is GD part of selection process ? - Structure of GD – Moderator – led and other GDs - Strategies in GD – Team work - Body Language - Mock GD -Video samples 5. Interview Skills: (1) Kinds of interviews – Required Key Skills – Corporate culture – Mock interviews- Video samples. I. PC based session (Weightage 40%) 24 periods II. Practice Session (Weightage – 60%) 24 periods 26 1. Resume / Report Preparation / Letter writing: Students prepare their own resume and report. (2) 2. Presentation Skills: Students make presentations on given topics. (8) 3. Group Discussion: Students participate in group discussions. (6) 4. Interview Skills: Students participate in Mock Interviews (8) REFERENCES: 1. Anderson, P.V, Technical Communication, Thomson Wadsworth , Sixth Edition, New Delhi, 2007. 2. Prakash, P, Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning, Macmillan India Ltd., Second Edition, New Delhi, 2004. 3. John Seely, The Oxford Guide to Writing and Speaking, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2004. 4. Evans, D, Decisionmaker, Cambridge University Press, 1997. 5. Thorpe, E, and Thorpe, S, Objective English, Pearson Education, Second Edition, New Delhi, 2007. 6. Turton, N.D and Heaton, J.B, Dictionary of Common Errors, Addision Wesley Longman Ltd., Indian reprint 1998. Lab Requirements: 1. Teacher console and systems for students. 2. English Language Lab Software 3. Career Lab Software 27 Guidelines for the course GE2321 COMMUNICATION SKILLS LABORATORY 1. A batch of 60 / 120 students is divided into two groups – one group for the PCbased session and the other group for the Class room session. 2. The English Lab (2 Periods) will be handled by a faculty member of the English Department. The Career Lab (2 Periods) may be handled by any competent teacher, not necessarily from English Department 3. Record Notebook: At the end of each session of English Lab, review exercises are given for the students to answer and the computer evaluated sheets are to be compiled as record notebook. Similar exercises for the career lab are to be compiled in the record notebook. 4. Internal Assessment: The 15 marks (the other 5 marks for attendance) allotted for the internal assessment will be based on the record notebook compiled by the candidate. 10 marks may be allotted for English Lab component and 5 marks for the Career Lab component. 5. End semester Examination: The end-semester examination carries 40% weightage for English Lab and 60% weightage for Career Lab. Each candidate will have separate sets of questions assigned by the teacher using the teacher-console enabling PC–based evaluation for the 40% of marks allotted. The Career Lab component will be evaluated for a maximum of 60% by a local examiner & an external examiner drafted from other Institutions, similar to any other lab examination conducted by Anna University. L: 45, T: 15, TOTAL= 60 PERIODS EC2401 WIRELESS COMMUNICATION L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I SERVICES AND TECHNICAL CHALLENGES 9 Types of Services, Requirements for the services, Multipath propagation, Spectrum Limitations, Noise and Interference limited systems, Principles of Cellular networks, Multiple Access Schemes. UNIT II WIRELESS PROPAGATION CHANNELS 9 Propagation Mechanisms (Qualitative treatment), Propagation effects with mobile radio, Channel Classification, Link calculations, Narrowband and Wideband models. 28 UNIT III WIRELESS TRANSCEIVERS 9 Structure of a wireless communication link, Modulation and demodulation – Quadrature Phase Shift Keying, /4-Differential Quadrature Phase Shift Keying, Offset-Quadrature Phase Shift Keying, Binary Frequency Shift Keying, Minimum Shift Keying, Gaussian Minimum Shift Keying, Power spectrum and Error performance in fading channels. UNIT IV SIGNAL PROCESSING IN WIRELESS SYSTEMS 9 Principle of Diversity, Macrodiversity, Microdiversity, Signal Combining Techniques, Transmit diversity, Equalisers- Linear and Decision Feedback equalisers, Review of Channel coding and Speech coding techniques. UNIT V ADVANCED TRANSCEIVER SCHEMES 9 Spread Spectrum Systems- Cellular Code Division Multiple Access Systems- Principle, Power control, Effects of multipath propagation on Code Division Multiple Access, Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing – Principle, Cyclic Prefix, Transceiver implementation, Second Generation(GSM, IS–95) and Third Generation Wireless Networks and Standards TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS: 1. Andreas.F. Molisch, “Wireless Communications”, John Wiley – India, 2006. 2. Simon Haykin & Michael Moher, “Modern Wireless Communications”, Pearson Education, 2007. REFERENCES: 1. Rappaport. T.S., “Wireless communications”, Pearson Education, 2003. 2. Gordon L. Stuber, “Principles of Mobile Communication”, Springer International Ltd., 2001. 3. Andrea Goldsmith, Wireless Communications, Cambridge University Press, 2007. EC2402 OPTICAL COMMUNICATION AND NETWORKING L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I INTRODUCTION 9 Introduction, Ray theory transmission- Total internal reflection-Acceptance angle – Numerical aperture – Skew rays – Electromagnetic mode theory of optical propagation – EM waves – modes in Planar guide – phase and group velocity – cylindrical fibers – SM fibers. UNIT II TRANSMISSION CHARACTERISTICS OF OPTICAL FIBERS 9 Attenuation – Material absorption losses in silica glass fibers – Linear and Non linear Scattering losses - Fiber Bend losses – Midband and farband infra red transmission – Intra and inter Modal Dispersion – Over all Fiber Dispersion – Polarization- non linear Phenomena. Optical fiber connectors, Fiber alignment and Joint Losses – Fiber Splices – Fiber connectors – Expanded Beam Connectors – Fiber Couplers. 29 UNIT III SOURCES AND DETECTORS 9 Optical sources: Light Emitting Diodes - LED structures - surface and edge emitters, mono and hetero structures - internal - quantum efficiency, injection laser diode structures - comparison of LED and ILD Optical Detectors: PIN Photo detectors, Avalanche photo diodes, construction, characteristics and properties, Comparison of performance, Photo detector noise -Noise sources , Signal to Noise ratio , Detector response time. UNIT IV FIBER OPTIC RECEIVER AND MEASUREMENTS 9 Fundamental receiver operation, Pre amplifiers, Error sources – Receiver Configuration – Probability of Error – Quantum limit. Fiber Attenuation measurements- Dispersion measurements – Fiber Refractive index profile measurements – Fiber cut- off Wave length Measurements – Fiber Numerical Aperture Measurements – Fiber diameter measurements. UNIT V OPTICAL NETWORKS 9 Basic Networks – SONET / SDH – Broadcast – and –select WDM Networks – Wavelength Routed Networks – Non linear effects on Network performance – Performance of WDM + EDFA system – Solitons – Optical CDMA – Ultra High Capacity Networks. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS: 1. Optical Fiber Communication – John M. Senior – Pearson Education – Second Edition. 2007 2. Optical Fiber Communication – Gerd Keiser – Mc Graw Hill – Third Edition. 2000 REFERENCES: 1.J.Gower, “Optical Communication System”, Prentice Hall of India, 2001 2. Rajiv Ramaswami, “Optical Networks “ , Second Edition, Elsevier , 2004. 3. Govind P. Agrawal, “ Fiber-optic communication systems”, third edition, John Wiley & sons, 2004. 4. R.P. Khare, “Fiber Optics and Optoelectronics”, Oxford University Press, 2007. 30 EC2403 RF AND MICROWAVE ENGINEERING L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I TWO PORT RF NETWORKS-CIRCUIT REPRESENTATION 9 Low frequency parameters-impedance ,admittance, hybrid and ABCD. High frequency parameters-Formulation of S parameters, properties of S parameters-Reciprocal and lossless networks, transmission matrix, Introduction to component basics, wire, resistor, capacitor and inductor, applications of RF UNIT II RF TRANSISTOR AMPLIFIER DESIGN AND MATCHING NETWORKS 9 Amplifier power relation, stability considerations, gain considerations noise figure, impedance matching networks, frequency response, T and Π matching networks, microstripline matching networks UNIT III MICROWAVE PASSIVE COMPONENTS 9 Microwave frequency range, significance of microwave frequency range - applications of microwaves. Scattering matrix -Concept of N port scattering matrix representation- Properties of S matrix- S matrix formulation of two-port junction. Microwave junctions - Tee junctions -Magic Tee - Rat race - Corners - bends and twists - Directional couplers - two hole directional couplers- Ferrites - important microwave properties and applications – Termination - Gyrator- Isolator-Circulator - Attenuator - Phase changer – S Matrix for microwave components – Cylindrical cavity resonators. UNIT IV MICROWAVE SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES 9 Microwave semiconductor devices- operation - characteristics and application of BJTs and FETs -Principles of tunnel diodes - Varactor and Step recovery diodes - Transferred Electron Devices -Gunn diode- Avalanche Transit time devices- IMPATT and TRAPATT devices. Parametric devices -Principles of operation - applications of parametric amplifier .Microwave monolithic integrated circuit (MMIC) - Materials and fabrication techniques UNIT V MICROWAVE TUBES AND MEASUREMENTS 9 Microwave tubes- High frequency limitations - Principle of operation of Multicavity Klystron, Reflex Klystron, Traveling Wave Tube, Magnetron. Microwave measurements: Measurement of power, wavelength, impedance, SWR, attenuation, Q and Phase shift. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS 31 TEXT BOOK: 1) Samuel Y Liao, “Microwave Devices & Circuits” , Prentice Hall of India, 2006. 2) Reinhold.Ludwig and Pavel Bretshko ‘RF Circuit Design”, Pearson Education, Inc., 2006 REFERENCES: 1. Robert. E.Collin-Foundation of Microwave Engg –Mc Graw Hill. 2. Annapurna Das and Sisir K Das, “Microwave Engineering”, Tata Mc Graw 3. Hill Inc., 2004. 4. M.M.Radmanesh , RF & Microwave Electronics Illustrated, Pearson Education, 2007. 5. Robert E.Colin, 2ed “Foundations for Microwave Engineering”, McGraw Hill, 2001 6. D.M.Pozar, “Microwave Engineering.”, John Wiley & sons, Inc., 2006. EC2404 ELECTRONICS SYSTEM DESIGN LAB L T P C 0 0 3 2 1. Design of a 4-20mA transmitter for a bridge type transducer. Design the Instrumentation amplifier with the bridge type transducer (Thermistor or any resistance variation transducers) and convert the amplified voltage from the instrumentation amplifier to 4 – 20 mA current using op-amp. Plot the variation of the temperature Vs output current. 2. Design of AC/DC voltage regulator using SCR Design a phase controlled voltage regulator using full wave rectifier and SCR, vary the conduction angle and plot the output voltage. 3. Design of process control timer Design a sequential timer to switch on & off at least 3 relays in a particular sequence using timer IC. 4. Design of AM / FM modulator / demodulator i. Design AM signal using multiplier IC for the given carrier frequency and modulation index and demodulate the AM signal using envelope detector. ii. Design FM signal using VCO IC NE566 for the given carrier frequency and demodulate the same using PLL NE 565. 5. Design of Wireless data modem. Design a FSK modulator using 555/XR 2206 and convert it to sine wave using filter and transmit the same using IR LED and demodulate the same PLL NE 565/XR 2212. 6. PCB layout design using CAD Drawing the schematic of simple electronic circuit and design of PCB layout using CAD 7. Microcontroller based systems design Design of microcontroller based system for simple applications like security systems combination lock. 8. DSP based system design Design a DSP based system for echo cancellation, using TMS/ADSP DSP kit. 9. Psuedo-random Sequence Generator 10. Arithmetic Logic Unit Design Note: Kits should not be used. Instead each experiment may be given as mini project. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS 32 LIST OF EQUIPMENTS: 1) Dual Power supply ±15V Ammeter (Multimeter) Temperature Measurement Transducer 2) Power Supply (for IC 555) Relays Indicator LEDs 3) System with ARCAD Software 4) TMS320C5416 (with CCS) and system, speaker 5) 8051 based Trainer kit, and system with interfaces like ADC, DAC, Keyboard and display 6) CRO – 5 7) Function Generator – 5 8) Regulated Power supply – [0-30V)-10, 5V-2 9) Transistors and Diodes – 2N3055, BFW10, BC547, BT012, IN4007, CED, SL100 10) ICs – IC741, IC7414, IC555, IC7805, IC7474, IC7107 11) Resistors – 5.6K, 56K, 9K, 22K, 100K, 27Ώ 12) Capacitors – 0.1μf, 100μf, 50μf, 10nf,47nf 13) 8Ώ Speaker 14) TSOP EC2405 OPTICAL & MICROWAVE LAB L T P C 0 0 3 2 Microwave Experiments: 1. Reflex Klystron – Mode characteristics 2. Gunn Diode – Characteristics 3. VSWR, Frequency and Wave Length Measurement 4. Directional Coupler – Directivity and Coupling Coefficient – S – parameter measurement 5. Isolator and Circulator – S - parameter measurement 6. Attenuation and Power measurement 7. S - matrix Characterization of E-Plane T, H-Plane T and Magic T. 8. Radiation Pattern of Antennas. 9. Antenna Gain Measurement Optical Experiments: 1. DC characteristics of LED and PIN Photo Diode. 2. Mode Characteristics of Fibers 3. Measurement of Connector and Bending Losses. 4. Fiber Optic Analog and Digital Link 5. Numerical Aperture Determination for Fibers 6. Attenuation Measurement in Fibers TOTAL= 45 PERIODS 33 Microwave Experiments: LIST OF EQUIPMENTS: 1) Klystron Power Supply – 6 2) Reflex Klystron Oscillator – 6 (X band) 3) Gunn Power Supply – 3 4) Gunn Oscillator – 3 (X band) 5) Isolator – 9 6) Variable attenuator – 9 (0.6 dB) 7) PIN modulator – 3 8) Slotted waveguide Section with Probe and Carriage – 2 9) Frequency meter (direct reading type) – 4 10) Directional coupler 3dB, 10dB – 1 each 11) Circulator – 1 12) E Plane T, H Plane T, Magic T – 2 each 13) Horn antenna – 2 (X band) compatible 14) Turn table for antenna measurement – 1 15) Waveguide stands – 30 16) Detectors – 10 17) Network analyzer (Scalar or Vector) – 1 18) Power meter 19) BNC to BNC and BNC to TNC Cables – Required numbers 20) Bolts, nuts and Screws and Screw driver – Required numbers Optical Experiments: LIST OF EQUIPMENTS: 1) 850 nm LED Module – 3 Nos 2) 850 nm PIN Photo Diode Module – 2 Nos 3) Glass / Plastic Fiber Patch Cords – 1 meter length 4) Optical Power meter – 2 Nos 5) Stabilized Current Source (0-100 mA) – 3 Nos 6) Variable Supply (0-30v) – 2 Nos 7) Digital Multimeter – 2 Nos 8) Fiber Spools of Varied length with Connectors 9) Numerical Aperture measurement kit – 1No 10) Fiber Optic Analog Tranceiver kit/Module – 1 No 11) Fiber Optic Digital Tranceiver kit/Module – 1 No 12) CRO (0-100MHZ) – 2 Nos 13) Signal Generator – 1 No 14) Pulse Generator – 1 No 34 EC2021 MEDICAL ELECTRONICS L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I ELECTRO-PHYSIOLOGY AND BIO-POTENTIAL RECORDING 9 The origin of Bio-potentials; biopotential electrodes, biological amplifiers, ECG, EEG, EMG, PCG, EOG, lead systems and recording methods, typical waveforms and signal characteristics. UNIT II BIO-CHEMICAL AND NON ELECTRICAL PARAMETER MEASUREMENT 9 PH, PO2, PCO2, PHCO3, Electrophoresis, colorimeter, photometer, Auto analyzer, Blood flow meter, cardiac output, respiratory measurement, Blood pressure, temperature, pulse, Blood cell counters. UNIT III ASSIST DEVICES AND BIO-TELEMETRY 9 Cardiac pacemakers, DC Defibrillator, Telemetry principles, frequency selection, Biotelemetry, radio-pill and tele-stimulation. UNIT IV RADIOLOGICAL EQUIPMENTS 9 Ionosing radiation, Diagnostic x-ray equipments, use of Radio Isotope in diagnosis, Radiation Therapy. UNIT V RECENT TRENDS IN MEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION 9 Thermograph, endoscopy unit, Laser in medicine, Diathermy units, Electrical safety in medical equipment. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXTBOOKS 1. Leislie Cromwell, “Biomedical instrumentation and measurement”, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 2007. REFERENCES 1. Khandpur, R.S., “Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation”, TATA McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 2003. 2. Joseph J.Carr and John M.Brown, “Introduction to Biomedical equipment Technology”, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 2004. EC2022 OPERATING SYSTEMS L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I OPERATING SYSTEM OVERVIEW 9 Introduction – Multiprogramming – Time sharing – Multi-user Operating systems – System Call – Structure of Operating Systems UNIT II PROCESS MANAGEMENT 9 Concept of Processes – Interprocess Communication – Racing – Synchronisation – Mutual Exclusion – Scheduling – Implementation Issues – IPC in Multiprocessor System – Threads 35 UNIT III MEMORY MANAGEMENT 9 Partition – paging – segmentation – virtual memory concepts – relocation algorithms – buddy systems – Free space management – Case study. UNIT IV DEVICE MANAGEMENT AND FILE SYSTEMS 9 File concept – access methods – directory structure – File system mounting – file sharing – protection – file system implementation – I/O Hardware – Application I/O Interface – Kernal I/O subsystem – Transforming I/O to Hardware Operations – Streams – Disk Structure – Disk Scheduling Management – RAID structure UNIT V MODERN OPERATING SYSTEMS 9 Concepts of distributed operating systems – Real time operating system – Case studies: UNIX, LINUX and Windows 2000. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS 1. Abraham Silberschatz, Peter Galvin and Gagne, ‘Operating System Concepts’, Seventh Edition, John Wiley, 2007. 2. William Stallings, ‘Operating Systems – Internals and Design Principles’, Fifth Edition, Prentice Hall India, 2005. REFERENCES 1. Andrew Tanenbaum, ‘Modern Operating Systems’, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall, 2003. 2. Deital.H.M, “Operating Systems - A Modern Perspective”, Second Edition, Addison Wesley, 2004. 3. Mukesh Singhal, Niranjan G.Shivaratri, “Advanced Concepts in Operating Systems”, Tata McGraw Hill, 2001. 4. D.M.Dhamdhere, “Operating Systems – A Concept based Approach”, Second Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 2006. 5. Crowley.C, “Operating Systems: A Design – Oriented Approach”, Tata McGraw Hill, 1999. 6. Ellen Siever, Aaron Weber, Stephen Figgins, ‘LINUX in a Nutshell’, Fourth Edition, O’reilly, 2004. EC2023 SOLID STATE ELECTRONIC DEVICES L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I CRYSTAL PROPERTIES AND GROWTH OF SEMICONDUCTORS 9 Semiconductor materials - Periodic Structures - Crystal Lattices - Cubic lattices - Planes and Directions - Diamond lattice - Bulk Crystal Growth - Starting Materials - Growth of Single Crystal lngots - Wafers - Doping - Epitaxial Growth - Lattice Matching in Epitaxial Growth - Vapor - Phase Epitaxy - Atoms and Electrons - Introduction to Physical Models - Experimental Observations - Photoelectric Effect - Atomic spectra - Bohr model - Quantum Mechanics - Probability and Uncertainty Principle - Schrodinger Wave Equation - Potential Well Equation - Potential well Problem - Tunneling. UNIT II ENERGY BANDS AND CHARGE CARRIERS IN SEMICONDUCTORS AND JUNCTIONS 9 Energy bands in Solids, Energy Bands in Metals, Semiconductors, and Insulators - Direct and Indirect Semiconductors - Variation of Energy Bands with Alloy Composition - 36 Charge Carriers in Semiconductors - Electrons and Holes - Electrons and Holes in Quantum Wells - Carrier Concentrations - Fermi Level - Electron and Hole Concentrations at Equilibrium - Temperature Dependence of Carrier Concentrations - Compensation and Space Charge Neutrality - Drift of Carrier in Electric and Magnetic Fields conductivity and Mobility - Drift and Resistance - Effects of Temperature and Doping on Mobility - High field effects - Hall Effect - invariance of Fermi level at equilibrium - Fabrication of p-n junctions, Metal semiconductor junctions. UNIT III METAL OXIDE SEMICONDUCTOR FET 9 GaAS MESFET - High Electron Mobility Transistor - Short channel Effects - Metal Insulator Semiconductor FET - Basic Operation and Fabrication - Effects of Real Surfaces - Threshold Voltage - MOS capacitance Measurements - current - Voltage Characteristics of MOS Gate Oxides - MOS Field Effect Transistor - Output characteristics - Transfer characteristics - Short channel MOSFET V-I characteristics - Control of Threshold Voltage - Substrate Bias Effects - Sub threshold characteristics - Equivalent Circuit for MOSFET - MOSFET Scaling and Hot Electron Effects - Drain - Induced Barrier Lowering - short channel and Narrow Width Effect - Gate Induced Drain Leakage. UNIT IV OPTOELCTRONIC DEVICES 9 Photodiodes - Current and Voltage in illuminated Junction - Solar Cells - Photo detectors - Noise and Bandwidth of Photo detectors - Light Emitting Diodes - Light Emitting Materials - Fiber Optic Communications Multilayer Heterojunctions for LEDs - Lasers - Semiconductor lasers - Population Inversion at a Junction Emission Spectra for p-n junction - Basic Semiconductor lasers - Materials for Semiconductor lasers. UNIT V HIGH FREQUENSY AND HIGH POWER DEVICES 9 Tunnel Diodes, IMPATT Diode, operation of TRAPATT and BARITT Diodes, Gunn Diode - transferred - electron mechanism, formation and drift of space charge domains, p-n-p-n Diode, Semiconductor Controlled Rectifier, Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOK 1. Ben. G. Streetman & Sanjan Banerjee, Solid State Electronic Devices, 5th Edition, PHI, 2003. REFERENCES 1. Donald A. Neaman, Semiconductor Physics and Devices, 3rd Edition, TMH, 2002. 2. Yannis Tsividis, Operation & Mode line of MOS Transistor, 2nd Edition, Oxford University Press, 1999. 3. Nandita Das Gupta & Aamitava Das Gupta, Semiconductor Devices Modeling a Technology, PHI, 2004. 4. D.K. Bhattacharya & Rajinish Sharma, Solid State Electronic Devices, Oxford University Press, 2007. 37 EC2024 SPEECH PROCESSING L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I MECHANICS OF SPEECH 9 Speech production: Mechanism of speech production, Acoustic phonetics - Digital models for speech signals - Representations of speech waveform: Sampling speech signals, basics of quantization, delta modulation, and Differential PCM - Auditory perception: psycho acoustics. UNIT II TIME DOMAIN METHODS FOR SPEECH PROCESSING 9 Time domain parameters of Speech signal – Methods for extracting the parameters Energy, Average Magnitude, Zero crossing Rate – Silence Discrimination using ZCR and energy – Short Time Auto Correlation Function – Pitch period estimation using Auto Correlation Function. UNIT III FREQUENCY DOMAIN METHOD FOR SPEECH PROCESSING 9 Short Time Fourier analysis: Fourier transform and linear filtering interpretations, Sampling rates - Spectrographic displays - Pitch and formant extraction - Analysis by Synthesis - Analysis synthesis systems: Phase vocoder, Channel Vocoder - Homomorphic speech analysis: Cepstral analysis of Speech, Formant and Pitch Estimation, Homomorphic Vocoders. UNIT IV LINEAR PREDICTIVE ANALYSIS OF SPEECH 9 Basic Principles of linear predictive analysis – Auto correlation method – Covariance method – Solution of LPC equations – Cholesky method – Durbin’s Recursive algorithm, – Application of LPC parameters – Pitch detection using LPC parameters – Formant analysis – VELP – CELP. UNIT V APPLICATION OF SPEECH & AUDIO SIGNAL PROCESSING 9 Algorithms: Dynamic time warping, K-means clusering and Vector quantization, Gaussian mixture modeling, hidden Markov modeling - Automatic Speech Recognition: Feature Extraction for ASR, Deterministic sequence recognition, Statistical Sequence recognition, Language models - Speaker identification and verification – Voice response system – Speech synthesis: basics of articulatory, source-filter, and concatenative synthesis – VOIP TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOK: 1. Thomas F, Quatieri, Discrete-Time Speech Signal Processing, Prentice Hall / Pearson Education, 2004. REFERENCES: 1. Ben Gold and Nelson Morgan, Speech and Audio Signal Processing, John Wiley and Sons Inc., Singapore, 2004 2. L.R.Rabiner and R.W.Schaffer – Digital Processing of Speech signals – Prentice Hall -1979 3. L.R. Rabiner and B. H. Juang, Fundamentals of Speech Recognition, Prentice Hall, 1993. 4. J.R. Deller, J.H.L. Hansen and J.G. Proakis, Discrete Time Processing of Speech Signals, John Wiley, IEEE Press, 1999. 38 MA2264 NUMERICAL METHODS L T P C 3 1 0 4 UNIT I SOLUTION OF EQUATIONS AND EIGENVALUE PROBLEMS 9 Solution of equation –Fixed point iteration: x=g(x) method - Newton’s method – Solution of linear system by Gaussian elimination and Gauss-Jordon method– Iterative method - Gauss-Seidel method - Inverse of a matrix by Gauss Jordon method – Eigen value of a matrix by power method and by Jacobi method for symmetric matrix. UNIT II INTERPOLATION AND APPROXIMATION 9 Lagrangian Polynomials – Divided differences – Interpolating with a cubic spline – Newton’s forward and backward difference formulas. UNIT III NUMERICAL DIFFERENTIATION AND INTEGRATION 9 Differentiation using interpolation formulae –Numerical integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s 1/3 and 3/8 rules – Romberg’s method – Two and Three point Gaussian quadrature formulae – Double integrals using trapezoidal and Simpsons’s rules. UNIT IV INITIAL VALUE PROBLEMS FOR ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 9 Single step methods: Taylor series method – Euler method for first order equation – Fourth order Runge – Kutta method for solving first and second order equations – Multistep methods: Milne’s and Adam’s predictor and corrector methods. UNIT V BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS IN ORDINARY AND PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 9 Finite difference solution of second order ordinary differential equation – Finite difference solution of one dimensional heat equation by explicit and implicit methods – One dimensional wave equation and two dimensional Laplace and Poisson equations. L : 45 , T : 15 ,TOTAL = 60 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS 1. Veerarjan, T and Ramachandran, T. ‘Numerical methods with programming in ‘C’ Second Editiion, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing.Co.Ltd. (2007). 2. Sankara Rao K, ‘Numerical Methods for Scientisits and Engineers’ – 3rd editiion Printice Hall of India Private Ltd, New Delhi, (2007). REFERENCES 1. Chapra, S. C and Canale, R. P. “Numerical Methods for Engineers”, 5th Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 2007. 2. Gerald, C. F. and Wheatley, P.O., “Applied Numerical Analysis”, 6th Edition, Pearson Education Asia, New Delhi, 2006. 3. Grewal, B.S. and Grewal,J.S., “ Numerical methods in Engineering and Science”, 6th Edition, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi, 2004 39 CS2021 MULTICORE PROGRAMMING L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO MULTIPROCESSORS AND SCALABILITY ISSUES 9 Scalable design principles – Principles of processor design – Instruction Level Parallelism, Thread level parallelism. Parallel computer models –- Symmetric and distributed shared memory architectures – Performance Issues – Multi-core Architectures - Software and hardware multithreading – SMT and CMP architectures – Design issues – Case studies – Intel Multi-core architecture – SUN CMP architecture. UNIT II PARALLEL PROGRAMMING 9 Fundamental concepts – Designing for threads – scheduling - Threading and parallel programming constructs – Synchronization – Critical sections – Deadlock. Threading APIs. UNIT III OPENMP PROGRAMMING 9 OpenMP – Threading a loop – Thread overheads – Performance issues – Library functions. Solutions to parallel programming problems – Data races, deadlocks and livelocks – Non-blocking algorithms – Memory and cache related issues. UNIT IV MPI PROGRAMMING 9 MPI Model – collective communication – data decomposition – communicators and topologies – point-to-point communication – MPI Library. UNIT V MULTITHREADED APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT 9 Algorithms, program development and performance tuning. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOK 1. Shameem Akhter and Jason Roberts, “Multi-core Programming”, Intel Press, 2006. 2. Michael J Quinn, Parallel programming in C with MPI and OpenMP, Tata Mcgraw Hill, 2003. REFERENCES 1. John L. Hennessey and David A. Patterson, “ Computer architecture – A quantitative approach”, Morgan Kaufmann/Elsevier Publishers, 4th. edition, 2007. 2. David E. Culler, Jaswinder Pal Singh, “Parallel computing architecture : A hardware/ software approach” , Morgan Kaufmann/Elsevier Publishers, 1999. EC2027 ADVANCED MICROPROCESSORS L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I 80186, 80286, 80386 AND 80486 MICROPROCESSORS 9 80186 Architecture, Enhancements of 80186 – 80286 Architecture – Real and Virtual Addressing Modes – 80386 Architecture – Special Registers – Memory Management – Memory Paging Mechanism – 80486 Architecture – Enhancements – Cache Memory Techniques – Exception Handling – Comparison of Microprocessors (8086 – 80186 – 80286 – 80386 – 80486). 40 UNIT II PENTIUM MICROPROCESSORS 9 Pentium Microprocessor Architecture – Special Pentium Registers – Pentium Memory Management – New Pentium Instructions – Pentium Pro Microprocessor Architecture – Special features – Pentium II Microprocessor Architecture – Pentium III Microprocessor Architecture – Pentium III Architecture – Pentium IV Architecture – Comparison of Pentium Processors. UNIT III RISC PROCESSORS I 9 PowerPC620 – Instruction fetching – Branch Prediction – Fetching – Speculation, Instruction dispatching – dispatch stalls – Instruction Execution – Issue stalls- Execution Parallelism – Instruction completion – Basics of P6 micro architecture – Pipelining – ourof- order core pipeline – Memory subsystem. UNIT IV RISC PROCESSORS II(Superscalar Processors) 9 Intel i960 – Intel IA32- MIPS R8000 – MIPS R10000 – Motorola 88110 – Ultra SPARC processor- SPARC version 8 – SPARC version 9. UNIT V PC HARDWARE OVERVIEW 9 Functional Units & Interconnection, New Generation Mother Boards 286 to Pentium 4 Bus Interface- ISA- EISA- VESA- PCI- PCIX. Peripheral Interfaces and Controller, Memory and I/O Port Addresses. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXTBOOKS: 1. B.B.Brey The Intel Microprocessor 8086/8088 /80186/80188, 80286, 80386, 80486 PENTIUM, PENTIUM Pro, PII, PIII & IV Archietecture, Programming & Interfacing, Pearson Education , 2004. 1. John Paul Shen, Mikko H.Lipasti, “Modern Processor Design”, Tata Mcgraw Hill, 2006. REFERENCES 1. Douglas V.Hall, “Microprocessors and Interfacing”, Tata McGraw Hill, II Edition 2006 2. Mohamed Rafiquzzaman, “Microprocessors and Microcomputer Based System Design”, II Edition, CRC Press, 2007. EC2028 INTERNET AND JAVA L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I INTERNETWORKING WITH TCP / IP 9 Review of network technologies, Internet addressing, Address resolution protocols (ARP / RARP), Routing IP datagrams, Reliable stream transport service (TCP) TCP / IP over ATM networks, Internet applications - E-mail, Telnet, FTP, NFS, Internet traffic management. 41 UNIT II INTERNET ROUTING 9 Concepts of graph theory, Routing protocols, Distance vector protocols (RIP), Link state protocol (OSPP), Path vector protocols (BGP and IDRP), Routing for high speed multimedia traffic, Multicasting, Resource reservation (RSVP), IP switching. UNIT III WORLD WIDE WEB 9 HTTP protocol, Web browsers netscape, Internet explorer, Web site and Web page design, HTML, Dynamic HTML, CGI, Java script. UNIT IV INTRODUCTION TO JAVA 9 The java programming environment, Fundamental Programming structures, Objects and Classes, Inheritance, Event handling, Exceptions and Debugging, Multithreading , RMI. UNIT V JAVA PROGRAMMING 9 Networking with Java, Swing: Applets and Applications, Menu’s & Tool Bars, Java and XML – Creating packages, Interfaces, JAR files & Annotations, Javabeans, JDBC. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXTBOOKS 1. Douglas E.Comer, "Internetworking with TCP/IP", Vol. I: 5th edition, Pearson Education, 2007 (Unit – I &II) 2. Robert W.Sebesta, “Programming the worldwide web”, 3/e, Pearson Education. (Unit-III), 2007. 3. Steven Holzner et. al, “Java 2 Programming” , Black Book, Dreamtech Press, 2006. (Unit –IV & V) REFERENCES 1. Cay S.Hortsmann, Gary Cornwell, “Core Java 2”, Vol I, Pearson Education, 7/e, 2005. 2. W. Richard Stevens, “ TCP/IP Illustrated, The Protocol” , Vol I , Pearson Education, 1st Edition, 2006. 3. Behrouz A. Farouzon , “TCP/IP Protocol Suite, 3rd edition , Tata McGraw Hill, 2007 4. Chris Bates, “ Web Programming Building Internet Applications”, Wiley Publications. 5. Kogent Solutions Inc., “ Java Server Programming”, Black Book, Dreamtech Press, 2007 Platinum edition. EC2029 DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I DIGITAL IMAGE FUNDAMENTALS 9 Elements of digital image processing systems, Vidicon and Digital Camera working principles, Elements of visual perception, brightness, contrast, hue, saturation, mach band effect, Color image fundamentals - RGB, HSI models, Image sampling, Quantization, dither, Two-dimensional mathematical preliminaries, 2D transforms - DFT, DCT, KLT, SVD. UNIT II IMAGE ENHANCEMENT 9 Histogram equalization and specification techniques, Noise distributions, Spatial averaging, Directional Smoothing, Median, Geometric mean, Harmonic mean, Contraharmonic mean filters, Homomorphic filtering, Color image enhancement. 42 UNIT III IMAGE RESTORATION 9 Image Restoration - degradation model, Unconstrained restoration - Lagrange multiplier and Constrained restoration, Inverse filtering-removal of blur caused by uniform linear motion, Wiener filtering, Geometric transformations-spatial transformations. UNIT IV IMAGE SEGMENTATION 9 Edge detection, Edge linking via Hough transform – Thresholding - Region based segmentation – Region growing – Region splitting and Merging – Segmentation by morphological watersheds – basic concepts – Dam construction – Watershed segmentation algorithm. UNIT V IMAGE COMPRESSION 9 Need for data compression, Huffman, Run Length Encoding, Shift codes, Arithmetic coding, Vector Quantization, Transform coding, JPEG standard, MPEG. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXTBOOKS: 1. Rafael C. Gonzalez, Richard E. Woods, , Digital Image Processing', Pearson , Second Edition, 2004. 2. Anil K. Jain, , Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing', Pearson 2002. 43 REFERENCES: 1. Kenneth R. Castleman, Digital Image Processing, Pearson, 2006. 2. Rafael C. Gonzalez, Richard E. Woods, Steven Eddins,' Digital Image Processing using MATLAB', Pearson Education, Inc., 2004. 3. D,E. Dudgeon and RM. Mersereau, , Multidimensional Digital Signal Processing', Prentice Hall Professional Technical Reference, 1990. 4. William K. Pratt, , Digital Image Processing' , John Wiley, New York, 2002 5. Milan Sonka et aI, 'IMAGE PROCESSING, ANALYSIS AND MACHINE VISION', Brookes/Cole, Vikas Publishing House, 2nd edition, 1999, EC2030 ADVANCED DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I DISCRETE RANDOM PROCESS 9 Discrete random process – Ensemble averages, Stationary and ergodic processes, Autocorrelation and Autocovariance properties and matrices, White noise, Power Spectral Density, Spectral Factorization, Innovations Representation and Process, Filtering random processes, ARMA, AR and MA processes. UNIT II SPECTRAL ESTIMATION 9 Bias and Consistency, Periodogram, Modified periodogram, Blackman-Tukey method, Welch method, Parametric methods of spectral estimation, Levinson-Durbin recursion. UNIT III LINEAR ESTIMATION AND PREDICTION 9 Forward and Backward linear prediction, Filtering - FIR Wiener filter- Filtering and linear prediction, non-causal and causal IIR Wiener filters, Discrete Kalman filter. UNIT IV ADAPTIVE FILTERS 9 Principles of adaptive filter – FIR adaptive filter – Newton’s Steepest descent algorithm – Derivation of first order adaptive filter – LMS adaptation algorithms – Adaptive noise cancellation, Adaptive equalizer, Adaptive echo cancellors. UNIT V ADVANCED TRANSFORM TECHNIQUES 9 2-D Discrete Fourier transform and properties– Applications to image smoothing and sharpening – Continuous and Discrete wavelet transforms – Multiresolution Analysis – Application to signal compression. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS: 1. Monson H Hayes,” Statistical Digital Signal processing and Modeling”, Wiley Student Edition, John Wiley and Sons, 2004. 2. R.C. Gonzalez and R.E. Woods, “ Digital Image Processing”, Pearson, Second Edition, 2004. REFERENCES: 1. John G Proakis and Manolakis, “ Digital Signal Processing Principles, Algorithms and Applications”, Pearson, Fourth Edition, 2007. 2. Sophocles J. Orfanidis, Optimum Signal Processing, An Introduction, McGraw Hill, 1990. 44 EC2031 ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE AND COMPATIBILITY L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I BASIC CONCEPTS 9 Definition of EMI and EMC with examples, Classification of EMI/EMC - CE, RE, CS, RS, Units of Parameters, Sources of EMI, EMI coupling modes - CM and DM, ESD Phenomena and effects, Transient phenomena and suppression. UNIT II EMI MEASUREMENTS 9 Basic principles of RE, CE, RS and CS measurements, EMI measuring instruments- Antennas, LISN, Feed through capacitor, current probe, EMC analyzer and detection t6echnique open area site, shielded anechoic chamber, TEM cell. UNIT III EMC STANDARD AND REGULATIONS 8 National and Intentional standardizing organizations- FCC, CISPR, ANSI, DOD, IEC, CENEEC, FCC CE and RE standards, CISPR, CE and RE Standards, IEC/EN, CS standards, Frequency assignment - spectrum conversation. UNIT IV EMI CONTROL METHODS AND FIXES 10 Shielding, Grounding, Bonding, Filtering, EMI gasket, Isolation transformer, opto isolator. UNIT V EMC DESIGN AND INTERCONNECTION TECHNIQUES 9 Cable routing and connection, Component selection and mounting, PCB design- Trace routing, Impedance control, decoupling, Zoning and grounding TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS 1. Prasad Kodali.V – Engineering Electromagnetic Compatibility – S.Chand&Co – New Delhi – 2000 2. Clayton R.Paul – Introduction to Electromagnetic compatibility – John Wiley & Sons – 1992 REFERENCES 1. Keiser – Principles of Electromagnetic Compatibility – Artech House – 3rd Edition – 1994 2. Donwhite Consultant Incorporate – Handbook of EMI / EMC – Vol I - 1985 CS2060 HIGH SPEED NETWORKS LT P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I HIGH SPEED NETWORKS 9 Frame Relay Networks – Asynchronous transfer mode – ATM Protocol Architecture, ATM logical Connection, ATM Cell – ATM Service Categories – AAL, High Speed LANs: Fast Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet, Fiber Channel – Wireless LANs: applications, requirements – Architecture of 802.11 45 UNIT II CONGESTION AND TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT 8 Queuing Analysis- Queuing Models – Single Server Queues – Effects of Congestion – Congestion Control – Traffic Management – Congestion Control in Packet Switching Networks – Frame Relay Congestion Control. UNIT III TCP AND ATM CONGESTION CONTROL 11 TCP Flow control – TCP Congestion Control – Retransmission – Timer Management – Exponential RTO backoff – KARN’s Algorithm – Window management – Performance of TCP over ATM. Traffic and Congestion control in ATM – Requirements – Attributes – Traffic Management Frame work, Traffic Control – ABR traffic Management – ABR rate control, RM cell formats, ABR Capacity allocations – GFR traffic management. UNIT IV INTEGRATED AND DIFFERENTIATED SERVICES 8 Integrated Services Architecture – Approach, Components, Services- Queuing Discipline, FQ, PS, BRFQ, GPS, WFQ – Random Early Detection, Differentiated Services UNIT V PROTOCOLS FOR QOS SUPPORT 9 RSVP – Goals & Characteristics, Data Flow, RSVP operations, Protocol Mechanisms – Multiprotocol Label Switching – Operations, Label Stacking, Protocol details – RTP – Protocol Architecture, Data Transfer Protocol, RTCP. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOK 1. William Stallings, “HIGH SPEED NETWORKS AND INTERNET”, Pearson Education, Second Edition, 2002. REFERENCES 1. Warland, Pravin Varaiya, “High performance communication networks”, Second Edition , Jean Harcourt Asia Pvt. Ltd., , 2001. 2. Irvan Pepelnjk, Jim Guichard, Jeff Apcar, “MPLS and VPN architecture”, Cisco Press, Volume 1 and 2, 2003. 3. Abhijit S. Pandya, Ercan Sea, “ATM Technology for Broad Band Telecommunication Networks”, CRC Press, New York, 2004. EC2033 POWER ELECTRONICS L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I POWER ELECTRONICS DEVICES 9 Characteristics of power devices – characteristics of SCR, diac, triac, SCS, GTO, PUJT – power transistors – power FETs – LASCR – two transistor model of SCR – Protection of thyristors against over voltage – over current, dv/dt and di/dt. UNIT II TRIGGERING TECHNIQUES 9 Turn on circuits for SCR – triggering with single pulse and train of pulses – synchronizing with supply – triggering with microprocessor – forced commutation – different techniques – series and parallel operations of SCRs. 46 UNIT III CONTROLLED RECTIFIERS 9 Converters – single phase – three phase – half controlled and fully controlled rectifiers – Waveforms of load voltage and line current under constant load current – effect of transformer leakage inductance – dual converter. UNIT IV INVERTERS 9 Voltage and current source inverters, resonant, Series inverter, PWM inverter. AC and DC choppers – DC to DC converters – Buck, boost and buck – boost. UNIT V INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS 9 DC motor drives – Induction and synchronous motor drives – switched reluctance and brushless motor drives – Battery charger – SMPS – UPS – induction and dielectric heating. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS 1. Muhamed H.Rashid : Power Electronics Circuits, Devices and Applications, 3rd Edition. 2004 PHI. 2. M.D. Singh and K.B. Kanchandani, Power Electronics, 2nd Edition, TMH, 2007. REFERENCES 1. Sen: Power Electronics, TMH, 1987. 2. Dubey: Thyristorised Power Controllers, Wiley Eastern 1986. 3. Vithayathil: Power Electronics – Principles and Applications, McGraw-Hill, 1995. 4. Lander: Power Electronics, 3rd Edition, McGraw-Hill, 1994. 5. Jacob, Power Electronics, Thomson Learning, 2002. 6. V.R. Moorthy, Power Electronics, Oxford University Press, 2005. EC2034 TELEVISION AND VIDEO ENGINEERING L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I FUNDAMENTALS OF TELEVISION 9 Aspect ratio-Image continuity-Number of scanning lines-Interlaced scanning-Picture resolution-Camera tubes-Image Orthicon-Vidicon- Plumbicon- Silicon Diode Array Vidicon- Solid-state Image scanners- Monochrome picture tubes- Composite video signal- video signal dimension-horizontal sync. Composition-vertical sync. Detailsfunctions of vertical pulse train- Scanning sequence details. Picture signal transmissionpositive and negative modulation- VSB transmission- Sound signal transmission- Standard channel bandwidth. UNIT II MONOCHROME TELEVISION TRANSMITTER AND RECEIVER 9 TV transmitter-TV signal Propagation- Interference- TV Transmission Antennas- Monochrome TV receiver- RF tuner- UHF, VHF tuner-Digital tuning techniques-AFT-IF subsystems-AGC Noise cancellation-Video and Sound inter-carrier detection-Vision IF subsystem- DC re-insertion-Video amplifier circuits-Sync operation- typical sync processing circuits-Deflection current waveforms, Deflection oscillators- Frame deflection circuits- requirements- Line deflection circuits-EHT generation-Receiver antennas. UNIT III ESSENTIALS OF COLOUR TELEVISION 9 Compatibility- Colour perception-Three colour theory- Luminance, Hue and saturation- Colour television cameras-Values of luminance and colour difference signals-Colour 47 television display tubes-Delta-gun Precision-in-line and Trinitron colour picture tubes- Purity and convergence- Purity and static and Dynamic convergence adjustments- Pincushion-correction techniques-Automatic degaussing circuit- Gray scale trackingcolour signal transmission- Bandwidth-Modulation of colour difference signals-Weighting factors-Formation of chrominance signal. UNIT IV COLOUR TELEVISION SYSTEMS 9 NTSC colour TV systems-SECAM system- PAL colour TV systems- Cancellation of phase errors-PAL-D Colour system-PAL coder-PAL-Decoder receiver-Chromo signal amplifier-separation of U and V signals-colour burst separation-Burst phase Discriminator-ACC amplifier-Reference Oscillator-Ident and colour killer circuits-U and V demodulators- Colour signal matrixing. Sound in TV UNIT V ADVANCED TELEVISION SYSTEMS 9 Satellite TV technology-Geo Stationary Satellites-Satellite Electronics-Domestic Broadcast System-Cable TV-Cable Signal Sources-Cable Signal Processing, Distribution & Scrambling- Video Recording-VCR Electronics-Video Home Formats- Video Disc recording and playback-DVD Players-Tele Text Signal coding and broadcast receiver- Digital television-Transmission and reception –Projection television-Flat panel display TV receivers-LCD and Plasma screen receivers-3DTV-EDTV. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXTBOOKS 1. R.R.Gulati, “Monochrome Television Practice, Principles, Technology and servicing.” Third Edition 2006, New Age International (P) Publishers. 2. R.R.Gulati, Monochrome & Color Television, New Age International Publisher, 2003. REFERENCES 1. A.M Dhake, “Television and Video Engineering”, 2nd ed., TMH, 2003. 2. R.P.Bali, Color Television, Theory and Practice, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1994 EC2038 NANO ELECTRONICS L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO NANOTECHNOLOGY 9 Background to nanotechnology: Types of nanotechnology and nanomachines – periodic table – atomic structure – molecules and phases – energy – molecular and atomic size – surface and dimensional space – top down and bottom up; Molecular Nanotechnology: Electron microscope – scanning electron microscope – atomic force microscope – scanning tunnelling microscope – nanomanipulator – nanotweezers – atom manipulation – nanodots – self assembly – dip pen nanolithography. Nanomaterials: preparation – plasma arcing – chemical vapor deposition – sol-gels – electrodeposition – ball milling – applications of nanomaterials; UNIT II FUNDAMENTALS OF NANOELECTRONICS 9 Fundamentals of logic devices:- Requirements – dynamic properties – threshold gates; physical limits to computations; concepts of logic devices:- classifications – two terminal devices – field effect devices – coulomb blockade devices – spintronics – quantum cellular automata – quantum computing – DNA computer; performance of information processing systems;- basic binary operations, measure of performance processing 48 capability of biological neurons – performance estimation for the human brain. Ultimate computation:- power dissipation limit – dissipation in reversible computation – the ultimate computer. UNIT III SILICON MOSFETs & QUANTUM TRANSPORT DEVICES 9 Silicon MOSFETS - Novel materials and alternate concepts:- fundamentals of MOSFET Devices- scaling rules – silicon-dioxide based gate dielectrics – metal gates – junctions & contacts – advanced MOSFET concepts. Quantum transport devices based on resonant tunneling:- Electron tunneling – resonant tunneling diodes – resonant tunneling devices; Single electron devices for logic applications:- Single electron devices – applications of single electron devices to logic circuits. UNIT IV CARBON NANOTUBES 9 Carbon Nanotube: Fullerenes - types of nanotubes – formation of nanotubes – assemblies – purification of carbon nanotubes – electronic propertics – synthesis of carbon nanotubes – carbon nanotube interconnects – carbon nanotube FETs – Nanotube for memory applications – prospects of an all carbon nanotube nanoelectronics. UNIT V MOLECULAR ELECTRONICS 9 Electrodes & contacts – functions – molecular electronic devices – first test systems – simulation and circuit design – fabrication; Future applications: MEMS – robots – random access memory – mass storage devices. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXTBOOKS 1. Michael Wilson, Kamali Kannangara, Geoff Smith, Michelle Simmons and Burkhard Raguse, Nanotechnology: Basic Science and Emerging Technologies, Chapman & Hall / CRC, 2002 2. T. Pradeep, NANO: The Essentials – Understanding Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, TMH, 2007 3. Rainer Waser (Ed.), Nanoelectronics and Information Technology: Advanced Electronic Materials and Novel Devices, Wiley-VCH, 2003 CS2053 SOFT COMPUTING L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I FUZZY SET THEORY 10 Introduction to Neuro – Fuzzy and Soft Computing – Fuzzy Sets – Basic Definition and Terminology – Set-theoretic Operations – Member Function Formulation and Parameterization – Fuzzy Rules and Fuzzy Reasoning – Extension Principle and Fuzzy Relations – Fuzzy If-Then Rules – Fuzzy Reasoning – Fuzzy Inference Systems – Mamdani Fuzzy Models – Sugeno Fuzzy Models – Tsukamoto Fuzzy Models – Input Space Partitioning and Fuzzy Modeling. UNIT II OPTIMIZATION 8 Derivative-based Optimization – Descent Methods – The Method of Steepest Descent – Classical Newton’s Method – Step Size Determination – Derivative-free Optimization – Genetic Algorithms – Simulated Annealing – Random Search – Downhill Simplex Search. 49 UNIT III ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 10 Introduction, Knowledge Representation – Reasoning, Issues and Acquisition: Prepositional and Predicate Calculus Rule Based knowledge Representation Symbolic Reasoning Under Uncertainity Basic knowledge Representation Issues Knowledge acquisition – Heuristic Search: Techniques for Heuristic search Heuristic Classification - State Space Search: Strategies Implementation of Graph Search Search based on Recursion Patent-directed Search Production System and Learning. UNIT IV NEURO FUZZY MODELING 9 Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference Systems – Architecture – Hybrid Learning Algorithm – Learning Methods that Cross-fertilize ANFIS and RBFN – Coactive Neuro Fuzzy Modeling – Framework Neuron Functions for Adaptive Networks – Neuro Fuzzy Spectrum. UNIT V APPLICATIONS OF COMPUTATIONAL INTELLIGENCE 8 Printed Character Recognition – Inverse Kinematics Problems – Automobile Fuel Efficiency Prediction – Soft Computing for Color Recipe Prediction. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS: 1. J.S.R.Jang, C.T.Sun and E.Mizutani, “Neuro-Fuzzy and Soft Computing”, PHI, 2004, Pearson Education 2004. 2. N.P.Padhy, “Artificial Intelligence and Intelligent Systems”, Oxford University Press, 2006. REFERENCES: 1. Elaine Rich & Kevin Knight, Artificial Intelligence, Second Edition, Tata Mcgraw Hill Publishing Comp., 2006, New Delhi. 2. Timothy J.Ross, “Fuzzy Logic with Engineering Applications”, McGraw-Hill, 1997. 3. Davis E.Goldberg, “Genetic Algorithms: Search, Optimization and Machine Learning”, Addison Wesley, N.Y., 1989. 4. S. Rajasekaran and G.A.V.Pai, “Neural Networks, Fuzzy Logic and Genetic Algorithms”, PHI, 2003. 5. R.Eberhart, P.Simpson and R.Dobbins, “Computational Intelligence - PC Tools”, AP Professional, Boston, 1996. 6. Amit Konar, “Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing Behaviour and Cognitive model of the human brain”, CRC Press, 2008. GE2022 TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I INTRODUCTION 9 Introduction - Need for quality - Evolution of quality - Definition of quality - Dimensions of manufacturing and service quality - Basic concepts of TQM - Definition of TQM – TQM Framework - Contributions of Deming, Juran and Crosby – Barriers to TQM. UNIT II TQM PRINCIPLES 9 Leadership – Strategic quality planning, Quality statements - Customer focus – Customer orientation, Customer satisfaction, Customer complaints, Customer retention - Employee involvement – Motivation, Empowerment, Team and Teamwork, Recognition and Reward, Performance appraisal - Continuous process improvement – PDSA cycle, 5s, Kaizen - Supplier partnership – Partnering, Supplier selection, Supplier Rating. 50 UNIT III TQM TOOLS & TECHNIQUES I 9 The seven traditional tools of quality – New management tools – Six-sigma: Concepts, methodology, applications to manufacturing, service sector including IT – Bench marking – Reason to bench mark, Bench marking process – FMEA – Stages, Types. UNIT IV TQM TOOLS & TECHNIQUES II 9 Quality circles – Quality Function Deployment (QFD) – Taguchi quality loss function – TPM – Concepts, improvement needs – Cost of Quality – Performance measures. UNIT V QUALITY SYSTEMS 9 Need for ISO 9000- ISO 9000-2000 Quality System – Elements, Documentation, Quality auditing- QS 9000 – ISO 14000 – Concepts, Requirements and Benefits – Case studies of TQM implementation in manufacturing and service sectors including IT. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOK 1. Dale H.Besterfiled, et at., “Total Quality Management”, Pearson Education Asia, 3rd Edition, Indian Reprint (2006). REFERENCES 1. James R. Evans and William M. Lindsay, “The Management and Control of Quality”, 6th Edition, South-Western (Thomson Learning), 2005. 2. Oakland, J.S., “TQM – Text with Cases”, Butterworth – Heinemann Ltd., Oxford, 3rd Edition, 2003. 3. Suganthi,L and Anand Samuel, “Total Quality Management”, Prentice Hall (India) Pvt. Ltd.,2006. 4. Janakiraman, B and Gopal, R.K, “Total Quality Management – Text and Cases”, Prentice Hall (India) Pvt. Ltd., 2006. EC2035 CRYPTOGRAPHY AND NETWORK SECURITY L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I INTRODUCTION 10 OSI Security Architecture - Classical Encryption techniques – Cipher Principles – Data Encryption Standard – Block Cipher Design Principles and Modes of Operation - Evaluation criteria for AES – AES Cipher – Triple DES – Placement of Encryption Function – Traffic Confidentiality UNIT II PUBLIC KEY CRYPTOGRAPHY 10 Key Management - Diffie-Hellman key Exchange – Elliptic Curve Architecture and Cryptography - Introduction to Number Theory – Confidentiality using Symmetric Encryption – Public Key Cryptography and RSA. UNIT III AUTHENTICATION AND HASH FUNCTION 9 Authentication requirements – Authentication functions – Message Authentication Codes – Hash Functions – Security of Hash Functions and MACs – MD5 message Digest 51 algorithm - Secure Hash Algorithm – RIPEMD – HMAC Digital Signatures – Authentication Protocols – Digital Signature Standard UNIT IV NETWORK SECURITY 8 Authentication Applications: Kerberos – X.509 Authentication Service – Electronic Mail Security – PGP – S/MIME - IP Security – Web Security. UNIT V SYSTEM LEVEL SECURITY 8 Intrusion detection – password management – Viruses and related Threats – Virus Counter measures – Firewall Design Principles – Trusted Systems. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS 1. William Stallings, “Cryptography And Network Security – Principles and Practices”, Pearson Education, Third Edition, 2003. 2. Behrouz A. Foruzan, “Cryptography and Network Security”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2007 REFERENCES 1. Bruce Schneier, “Applied Cryptography”, John Wiley & Sons Inc, 2001. 2. Charles B. Pfleeger, Shari Lawrence Pfleeger, “Security in Computing”, Third Edition, Pearson Education, 2003 3. Wade Trappe and Lawrence C. Washington , “ Introduction to Cryptography with coding theory” , Pearson Education, 2007. 4. Wenbo Mao, “ Modern Cryptography Theory and Practice” , Pearson Education , 2007 5. Thomas Calabrese, “Information Security Intelligence : Cryptographic Principles and Applications”, Thomson Delmar Learning,2006. 6. Atul Kahate, “Cryptography and Network Security”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2003. EC2036 INFORMATION THEORY L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I QUANTITATIVE STUDY OF INFORMATION 8 Basic inequalities, Entropy, Kullback-Leibler distance, Mutual information, Bounds on entropy, Fisher information , Cramer Rao inequality, Second law of thermodynamics , Sufficient statistic , Entropy rates of a Stochastic process UNIT II CAPACITY OF NOISELESS CHANNEL 8 Fundamental theorem for a noiseless channel ,Data compression , Kraft inequality , Shannon-Fano codes , Huffman codes , Asymptotic equipartition , Rate distortion theory . UNIT III CHANNEL CAPACITY 9 Properties of channel capacity , Jointly typical sequences , Channel Coding Theorem, converse to channel coding theorem, Joint source channel coding theorem , UNIT IV DIFFERENTIAL ENTROPY AND GAUSSIAN CHANNEL 9 AEP for continuous random variables, relationship between continuous and discrete entropy, properties of differential entropy, Gaussian channel definitions, converse to coding theorem for Gaussian channel, channels with colored noise, Gaussian channels with feedback . 52 UNIT V NETWORK INFORMATION THEORY 11 Gaussian multiple user channels , Multiple access channel , Encoding of correlated sources , Broadcast channel , Relay channel , Source coding and rate distortion with side information , General multi-terminal networks. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXTBOOK 1. Elements of Information theory – Thomas Cover, Joy Thomas : Wiley 1999 REFERENCE 1. Information theory, inference & learning algorithms – David Mackay year? EC2037 MULTIMEDIA COMPRESSION AND COMMUNICATION L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I MULTIMEDIA COMPONENTS 9 Introduction - Multimedia skills - Multimedia components and their chacracteristics - Text, sound, images, graphics, animation, video, hardware. UNIT II AUDIO AND VIDEO COMPRESSION 9 Audio compression–DPCM-Adaptive PCM –adaptive predictive coding-linear Predictive coding-code excited LPC-perpetual coding Video compression –principles-H.261-H.263- MPEG 1, 2, 4. UNIT III TEXT AND IMAGE COMPRESSION 9 Compression principles-source encoders and destination encoders-lossless and lossy compression-entropy encoding –source encoding -text compression –static Huffman coding dynamic coding –arithmetic coding –Lempel ziv-welsh Compression-image compression UNIT IV VoIP TECHNOLOGY 9 Basics of IP transport, VoIP challenges, H.323/ SIP –Network Architecture, Protocols, Call establishment and release, VoIP and SS7, Quality of Service- CODEC Methods- VOIP applicability UNIT V MULTIMEDIA NETWORKING 9 Multimedia networking -Applications-streamed stored and audio-making the best Effort service-protocols for real time interactive Applications-distributing multimedia-beyond best effort service-secluding and policing Mechanisms-integrated services-differentiated Services-RSVP. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS 1. Fred Halsall “Multimedia communication - applications, networks, protocols and standards”, Pearson education, 2007. 2. Tay Vaughan, “Multideai: making it work”, 7/e, TMH 2007 53 3. Kurose and W.Ross” Computer Networking “a Top down approach, Pearson education REFERENCES 1. Marcus gonzalves “Voice over IP Networks”, Mcgaraw hill 2. KR. Rao,Z S Bojkovic, D A Milovanovic, “Multimedia Communication Systems: Techniques, Standards, and Networks”, Pearson Education 2007 3. R. Steimnetz, K. Nahrstedt, “Multimedia Computing, Communications and Applications”, Pearson Education 4. Ranjan Parekh, “Principles of Multimedia”, TMH 2006 EC2039 PARALLEL AND DISTRIBUTED PROCESSING L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO PARALLEL PROCESSING AND PARALLEL ARCHITECTURES 9 Need and definition of parallel processing, shared memory multiprocessing, Distributed memory, using parallelism, tools and languages, Parallelism in sequential machines, Multiprocessor architecture, Pipelining, Array processors. UNIT II SHARED MEMORY PROGRAMMING AND THREAD BASED IMPLEMENTATION 9 Shared Memory Programming and its general model, Process model under UNIX, Thread management, Example with threads, Attributes of Threads, Mutual Exclusion with threads and Thread implementation.. UNIT III DISTRIBUTED COMPUTING – MESSAGE PASSING AND RPC MODEL 9 Message-passing model, General model, programming model, PVM, Remote procedure calls (RPC), Parameter passing, JAVA Remote Method Invocation, Distributed computing environment(DCE), Developing Applications in DCE. UNIT IV DEBUGGING PARALLEL PROGRAMS AND OTHER PARALLELISM PARADIGMS 9 Debugging Techniques, Debugging Message passing parallel programs and shared memory parallel programs, Dataflow computing, systolic architectures, functional and logic paradigms, distributed shared memory. UNIT V DISTRIBUTED DATABASES AND DISTRIBUTED OPERATING SYSTEMS 9 Reasons for and objectives of distributed databases, issues and systems, distribution options, concurrency control, DDBMS structure. Need for Distributed operating systems, network operating systems, distributed OS, Goals of DOS and Design issues. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS 1. M.Sasikumar, D.Shikhare and P. Ravi Prakash, “Introduction to Parallel processing”. PHI 2006. 2. V. Rajaraman, C. Siva Ram Murthy, “Parallel computers: Architecture and programming”, PHI 2006. 54 REFERENCES 1. Harry F. Jordan, Gita Alaghband, “Fundamentals of parallel processing”, PHI 2006. 2. Quinn, M.J., “Designing Efficient Algorithms for Parallel Computers”, McGraw -Hill, 1995. 3. Culler, D.E., “Parallel Computer Architecture”, A Hardware – Software approach, Harcourt Asia Pte. Ltd., 1999 EC2041 AVIONICS L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I INTRODUCTION 9 Introduction to aircraft – Axes system – Parts, importance and role of Avionics – systems which interface directly with pilot – Aircraft state sensor systems – Navigation systems – External world sensor systems – task automation systems. Avionics architecture evolution. Avionics Data buses - MIL STD 1553, ARINC 429, ARINC 629. UNIT II RADIO NAVIGATION 9 Types of Radio Navigation – ADF, DME, VOR, LORAN, DECCA, OMEGA. ILS, MLS UNIT III INERTIAL AND SATELLITE NAVIGATION SYSTEMS 9 Inertial sensors – Gyroscopes, Accelerometers, Inertial navigation systems – Block diagram, Platform and strap down INS. Satellite Navigation - GPS UNIT IV AIR DATA SYSTEMS AND AUTOPILOT 9 Air data quantities – Altitude, Airspeed, Mach no., Vertical speed, Total Air temperature, Stall warning, Altitude warning. Autopilot – basic principles – longitudinal and lateral autopilot. UNIT V AIRCRAFT DISPLAYS 9 Display technologies – LED, LCD, CRT, Flat Panel Display. Primary Flight parameter displays - Head Up Display, Helmet Mounted Display, Night vision goggles, Head Down Display, MFD, MFK, Virtual cockpit. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXTBOOKS: 1. Albert Helfrick. D, ‘Principles of Avionics’, Avionics communications Inc., 2004 2. Collinson, R.P.G, ‘Introduction to Avionics’, Chapman and Hall, 1996. REFERENCES: 1. Middleton, D.H, ‘Avionics Systems’, Longman Scientific and Technical, Longman Group UK Ltd, England, 1989. 2. Spitzer, C.R. ‘Digital Avionics Systems’, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., USA 1993. 3. Spitzer, C.R, ‘The Avionics Handbook’, CRC Press, 2000. 4. Pallet, E.H.J, ‘Aircraft Instruments and Integrated Systems’, Longman Scientific 55 GE2071 INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS (IPR) L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I 9 Introduction – Invention and Creativity – Intellectual Property (IP) – Importance – Protection of IPR – Basic types of property (i). Movable Property - Immovable Property and - Intellectual Property. UNIT II 9 IP – Patents – Copyrights and related rights – Trade Marks and rights arising from Trademark registration – Definitions – Industrial Designs and Integrated circuits – Protection of Geographical Indications at national and International levels – Application Procedures.. UNIT III 9 International convention relating to Intellectual Property – Establishment of WIPO – Mission and Activities – History – General Agreement on Trade and Tariff (GATT) – TRIPS Agreement. UNIT IV 9 Indian Position Vs WTO and Strategies – Indian IPR legislations – commitments to WTO-Patent Ordinance and the Bill – Draft of a national Intellectual Property Policy – Present against unfair competition. UNIT V 9 Case Studies on – Patents (Basumati rice, turmeric, Neem, etc.) – Copyright and related rights – Trade Marks – Industrial design and Integrated circuits – Geographic indications – Protection against unfair competition. TOTAL = 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS: 1. Subbaram N.R. “Handbook of Indian Patent Law and Practice “, S. Viswanathan Printers and Publishers Pvt. Ltd., 1998. REFERENCES: 1. Eli Whitney, United States Patent Number: 72X, Cotton Gin, March 14, 1794. 2. Intellectual Property Today: Volume 8, No. 5, May 2001, [www.iptoday.com]. 3. Using the Internet for non-patent prior art searches, Derwent IP Matters, July 2000. www.ipmatters.net/features/000707_gibbs.html. GE2021 PROFESSIONAL ETHICS IN ENGINEERING L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I ENGINEERING ETHICS 9 Senses of ‘Engineering Ethics’ – Variety of moral issues – Types of inquiry – Moral dilemmas – Moral Autonomy – Kohlberg’s theory – Gilligan’s theory – Consensus and Controversy – Professions and Professionalism – Professional Ideals and Virtues – Uses of Ethical Theories 56 UNIT II ENGINEERING AS SOCIAL EXPERIMENTATION 9 Engineering as Experimentation – Engineers as responsible Experimenters – Research Ethics - Codes of Ethics – Industrial Standards - A Balanced Outlook on Law – The Challenger Case Study UNIT III ENGINEER’S RESPONSIBILITY FOR SAFETY 9 Safety and Risk – Assessment of Safety and Risk – Risk Benefit Analysis – Reducing Risk – The Government Regulator’s Approach to Risk - Chernobyl Case Studies and Bhopal UNIT IV RESPONSIBILITIES AND RIGHTS 9 Collegiality and Loyalty – Respect for Authority – Collective Bargaining – Confidentiality – Conflicts of Interest – Occupational Crime – Professional Rights – Employee Rights – Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) - Discrimination UNIT V GLOBAL ISSUES 9 Multinational Corporations – Business Ethics - Environmental Ethics – Computer Ethics - Role in Technological Development – Weapons Development – Engineers as Managers – Consulting Engineers – Engineers as Expert Witnesses and Advisors – Honesty – Moral Leadership – Sample Code of Conduct TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS: 1. Mike Martin and Roland Schinzinger, “Ethics in Engineering”, McGraw Hill, New York, 2005. 2. Charles E Harris, Michael S Pritchard and Michael J Rabins, “Engineering Ethics – Concepts and Cases”, Thompson Learning, 2000. REFERENCES: 1. Charles D Fleddermann, “Engineering Ethics”, Prentice Hall, New Mexico, 1999. 2. John R Boatright, “Ethics and the Conduct of Business”, Pearson Education, 2003 3. Edmund G Seebauer and Robert L Barry, “Fundamentals of Ethics for Scientists and Engineers”, Oxford University Press, 2001. 4. Prof. (Col) P S Bajaj and Dr. Raj Agrawal, “Business Ethics – An Indian Perspective”, Biztantra, New Delhi, 2004. 5. David Ermann and Michele S Shauf, “Computers, Ethics and Society”, Oxford University Press, (2003) EC2042 EMBEDDED AND REAL TIME SYSTEMS L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO EMBEDDED COMPUTING 9 Complex systems and microprocessors – Design example: Model train controller – Embedded system design process – Formalism for system design – Instruction sets Preliminaries – ARM Processor – CPU: Programming input and output – Supervisor mode, exception and traps – Coprocessor – Memory system mechanism – CPU performance – CPU power consumption. UNIT II COMPUTING PLATFORM AND DESIGN ANALYSIS 9 CPU buses – Memory devices – I/O devices – Component interfacing – Design with microprocessors – Development and Debugging – Program design – Model of programs – Assembly and Linking – Basic compilation techniques – Analysis and optimization of execution time, power, energy, program size – Program validation and testing. 57 UNIT III PROCESS AND OPERATING SYSTEMS 9 Multiple tasks and multi processes – Processes – Context Switching – Operating Systems –Scheduling policies - Multiprocessor – Inter Process Communication mechanisms – Evaluating operating system performance – Power optimization strategies for processes. UNIT IV HARDWARE ACCELERATES & NETWORKS 9 Accelerators – Accelerated system design – Distributed Embedded Architecture – Networks for Embedded Systems – Network based design – Internet enabled systems. UNIT V CASE STUDY 9 Hardware and software co-design - Data Compressor - Software Modem – Personal Digital Assistants – Set–Top–Box. – System-on-Silicon – FOSS Tools for embedded system development. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOK: 1) Wayne Wolf, “Computers as Components - Principles of Embedded Computer System Design”, Morgan Kaufmann Publisher, 2006. REFERENCES: 1) David E-Simon, “An Embedded Software Primer”, Pearson Education, 2007. 2) K.V.K.K.Prasad, “Embedded Real-Time Systems: Concepts, Design & Programming”, dreamtech press, 2005. 3) Tim Wilmshurst, “An Introduction to the Design of Small Scale Embedded Systems”, Pal grave Publisher, 2004. 4) Sriram V Iyer, Pankaj Gupta, “Embedded Real Time Systems Programming”, Tata Mc-Graw Hill, 2004. 5) Tammy Noergaard, “Embedded Systems Architecture”, Elsevier,2006. EC2043 WIRELESS NETWORKS L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I MULTIPLE RADIO ACCESS 9 Medium Access Alternatives: Fixed-Assignment for Voice Oriented Networks Random Access for Data Oriented Networks , Handoff and Roaming Support, Security and Privacy. UNIT II WIRELESS WANS 9 First Generation Analog, Second Generation TDMA – GSM, Short Messaging Service in GSM, Second Generation CDMA – IS-95, GPRS - Third Generation Systems (WCDMA/CDMA 2000) UNIT III WIRELESS LANS 9 Introduction to wireless LANs - IEEE 802.11 WLAN – Architecture and Services, Physical Layer- MAC sublayer- MAC Management Sublayer, Other IEEE 802.11 standards, HIPERLAN, WiMax standard. 58 UNIT IV ADHOC AND SENSOR NETWORKS 9 Characteristics of MANETs, Table-driven and Source-initiated On Demand routing protocols, Hybrid protocols, Wireless Sensor networks- Classification, MAC and Routing protocols. UNIT V WIRELESS MANS AND PANS 9 Wireless MANs – Physical and MAC layer details, Wireless PANs – Architecture of Bluetooth Systems, Physical and MAC layer details, Standards. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS: 1. William Stallings, "Wireless Communications and networks" Pearson / Prentice Hall of India, 2nd Ed., 2007. 2. Dharma Prakash Agrawal & Qing-An Zeng, “Introduction to Wireless and Mobile Systems”, Thomson India Edition, 2nd Ed., 2007. REFERENCES: 1. Vijay. K. Garg, “Wireless Communication and Networking”, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 2007. 2. Kaveth Pahlavan, Prashant Krishnamurthy, "Principles of Wireless Networks",Pearson Education Asia, 2002. 3. Gary. S. Rogers & John Edwards, “An Introduction to Wireless Technology”, Pearson Education, 2007. 4. Clint Smith, P.E. & Daniel Collins, “3G Wireless Networks”, Tata McGraw Hill, 2nd Ed,. 2007. EC2044 TELECOMMUNICATION SWITCHING AND NETWORKS L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I MULTIPLEXING 9 Transmission Systems, FDM Multiplexing and modulation, Time Division Multiplexing, Digital Transmission and Multiplexing: Pulse Transmission, Line Coding, Binary N-Zero Substitution, Digital Biphase, Differential Encoding, Time Division Multiplexing, Time Division Multiplex Loops and Rings, SONET/SDH: SONET Multiplexing Overview, SONET Frame Formats, SONET Operations, Administration and Maintenance, Payload Framing and Frequency Justification, Virtual Tributaries, DS3 Payload Mapping, E4 Payload Mapping, SONET Optical Standards, SONET Networks. SONET Rings: Unidirectional Path-Switched Ring, Bidirectional Line-Switched Ring. UNIT II DIGITAL SWITCHING 9 Switching Functions, Space Division Switching, Time Division Switching, twodimensional Switching: STS Switching, TST Switching, No.4 ESS Toll Switch, Digital Cross-Connect Systems, Digital Switching in an Analog Environment. Elements of SS7 signaling. UNIT III NETWORK SYNCHRONIZATION CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT 9 Timing: Timing Recovery: Phase-Locked Loop, Clock Instability, Jitter Measurements, Systematic Jitter. Timing Inaccuracies: Slips, Asynchronous Multiplexing, Network 59 Synchronization, U.S. Network Synchronization, Network Control, Network Management. UNIT IV DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER ACCESS 9 ISDN: ISDN Basic Rate Access Architecture, ISDN U Interface, ISDN D Channel Protocol. High-Data-Rate Digital Subscriber Loops: Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line, VDSL. Digital Loop Carrier Systems: Universal Digital Loop Carrier Systems, Integrated Digital Loop Carrier Systems, Next-Generation Digital Loop Carrier, Fiber in the Loop, Hybrid Fiber Coax Systems, Voice band Modems: PCM Modems, Local Microwave Distribution Service, Digital Satellite Services. UNIT V TRAFFIC ANALYSIS 9 Traffic Characterization: Arrival Distributions, Holding Time Distributions, Loss Systems, Network Blocking Probabilities: End-to-End Blocking Probabilities, Overflow Traffic, Delay Systems: Exponential service Times, Constant Service Times, Finite Queues. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXTBOOKS: 1. J. Bellamy, “Digital Telephony”, John Wiley, 2003, 3rd Edition. 2. JE Flood, “Telecommunications Switching, Traffic and Networks”, Pearson. REFERENCES: 1. R.A.Thomson, “Telephone switching Systems”, Artech House Publishers, 2000. 2. W. Stalling, “ Data and Computer Communications”, Prentice Hall, 1993. 3. T.N.Saadawi, M.H.Ammar, A.E.Hakeem, “Fundamentals of Telecommunication Networks”, Wiley Interscience, 1994. 4. W.D. Reeve, “Subscriber Loop Signaling and Transmission Hand book”, IEEE Press(Telecomm Handbook Series), 1995. 5. Viswanathan. T., “Telecommunication Switching System and Networks”, Prentice Hall of India Ltd., 1994. EC2045 SATELLITE COMMUNICATION L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I SATELLITE ORBITS 9 Kepler’s Laws, Newton’s law, orbital parameters, orbital perturbations, station keeping, geo stationary and non Geo-stationary orbits – Look Angle Determination- Limits of visibility –eclipse-Sub satellite point –Sun transit outage-Launching Procedures - launch vehicles and propulsion. UNIT II SPACE SEGMENT AND SATELLITE LINK DESIGN 11 Spacecraft Technology- Structure, Primary power, Attitude and Orbit control, Thermal control and Propulsion, communication Payload and supporting subsystems, Telemetry, Tracking and command. Satellite uplink and downlink Analysis and Design, link budget, E/N calculation- performance impairments-system noise, inter modulation and interference, Propagation Characteristics and Frequency considerations- System reliability and design lifetime. 60 UNIT III SATELLITE ACCESS 10 Modulation and Multiplexing: Voice, Data, Video, Analog – digital transmission system, Digital video Brocast, multiple access: FDMA, TDMA, CDMA, Assignment Methods, Spread Spectrum communication, compression – encryption UNIT IV EARTH SEGMENT 8 Earth Station Technology-- Terrestrial Interface, Transmitter and Receiver, Antenna Systems TVRO, MATV, CATV, Test Equipment Measurements on G/T, C/No, EIRP, Antenna Gain. UNIT V SATELLITE APPLICATIONS 10 INTELSAT Series, INSAT, VSAT, Mobile satellite services: GSM, GPS, INMARSAT, LEO, MEO, Satellite Navigational System. Direct Broadcast satellites (DBS)- Direct to home Broadcast (DTH), Digital audio broadcast (DAB)- Worldspace services, Business TV(BTV), GRAMSAT, Specialized services – E –mail, Video conferencing, Internet TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS: 1. Dennis Roddy, ‘Satellite Communication’, McGraw Hill International, 4th Edition, 2006. 2. Wilbur L. Pritchard, Hendri G. Suyderhoud, Robert A. Nelson, ‘Satellite Communication Systems Engineering’, Prentice Hall/Pearson, 2007. REFERENCES: 1. N.Agarwal, ‘Design of Geosynchronous Space Craft, Prentice Hall, 1986. 2. Bruce R. Elbert, ‘The Satellite Communication Applications’ Hand Book, Artech House Bostan London, 1997. 3. Tri T. Ha, ‘Digital Satellite Communication’, II edition, 1990. 4. Emanuel Fthenakis, ‘Manual of Satellite Communications’, McGraw Hill Book Co., 1984. 5. Robert G. Winch, ‘Telecommunication Trans Mission Systems’, McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1983. 6. Brian Ackroyd, ‘World Satellite Communication and earth station Design’, BSP professional Books, 1990. 7. G.B.Bleazard, ‘ Introducing Satellite communications NCC Publication, 1985. 8. M.Richharia, ‘Satellite Communication Systems-Design Principles”, Macmillan 2003 EC2046 ADVANCED ELECTRONIC SYSTEM DESIGN L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO RF DESIGN 9 RF behaviour of passive components, Chip components and circuit board considerations, Review of transmission lines, Impedance and admittance transformation, Parallel and series connection of networks, ABCD and scattering parameters, Analysis of amplifier using scattering parameter. RF filter – Basic resonator and filter configurations – Butterworth and Chebyshev filters. Implementation of microstrip filter design. Band pass filter and cascading of band pass filter elements. 61 UNIT II RF TRANSISTOR AMPLIFIER DESIGN 9 Impedance matching using discrete components. Microstrip line matching networks. Amplifier classes of operation and biasing networks – Amplifier power gain, Unilateral design(S12 =0) – Simple input and output matching networks – Bilateral design - Stability circle and conditional stability, Simultaneous conjugate matching for unconditionally stable transistors. Broadband amplifiers, High power amplifiers and multistage amplifiers. UNIT III DESIGN OF POWER SUPPLIES 9 DC power supply design using transistors and SCRs, Design of crowbar and foldback protection circuits, Switched mode power supplies, Forward, flyback, buck and boost converters, Design of transformers and control circuits for SMPS. UNIT IV DESIGN OF DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEMS 9 Amplification of Low level signals, Grounding, Shielding and Guarding techniques, Dual slope, quad slope and high speed A/D converters, Microprocessors Compatible A/D converters, Multiplying A/D converters and Logarithmic A/D converters, Sample and Hold, Design of two and four wire transmitters. UNIT V DESIGN OF PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS 9 Introduction to technology of printed circuit boards (PCB), General lay out and rules and parameters, PCB design rules for Digital, High Frequency, Analog, Power Electronics and Microwave circuits, Computer Aided design of PCBs. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS 1. Reinhold Luduig and Pavel Bretchko, RF Circuit Design – Theory and Applications, Pearson Education, 2000. 2. Sydney Soclof, Applications of Analog Integrated Circuits, Prentice Hall of India, 1990. 3. Walter C.Bosshart, Printed Circuit Boards – Design and Technology, TMH, 1983. REFERENCES 1. Keith H.Billings, Handbook of Switched Mode Supplies, McGraw-Hill Publishing Co., 1989. 2. Michael Jaacob, Applications and Design with Analog Integrated Circuits, Prentice Hall of India, 1991. 3. Otmar Kigenstein, Switched Mode Power Supplies in Practice, John Wiley and Sons, 1989. 4. Muhammad H.Rashid, Power Electronics – Circuits, Devices and Applications, Prentice Hall of India, 2004. 62 EC2047 OPTO ELECTRONIC DEVICES L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I ELEMENTS OF LIGHT AND SOLID STATE PHYSICS 9 Wave nature of light, Polarization, Interference, Diffraction, Light Source, review of Quantum Mechanical concept, Review of Solid State Physics, Review of Semiconductor Physics and Semiconductor Junction Device. UNIT II DISPLAY DEVICES AND LASERS 9 Introduction, Photo Luminescence, Cathode Luminescence, Electro Luminescence, Injection Luminescence, Injection Luminescence, LED, Plasma Display, Liquid Crystal Displays, Numeric Displays, Laser Emission, Absorption, Radiation, Population Inversion, Optical Feedback, Threshold condition, Laser Modes, Classes of Lasers, Mode Locking, laser applications. UNIT III OPTICAL DETECTION DEVICES 9 Photo detector, Thermal detector, Photo Devices, Photo Conductors, Photo diodes, Detector Performance. UNIT IV OPTOELECTRONIC MODULATOR 9 Introduction, Analog and Digital Modulation, Electro-optic modulators, Magneto Optic Devices, Acoustoptic devices, Optical, Switching and Logic Devices. UNIT V OPTOELECTRONIC INTEGRATED CIRCUITS 9 Introduction, hybrid and Monolithic Integration, Application of Opto Electronic Integrated Circuits, Integrated transmitters and Receivers, Guided wave devices. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXTBOOKS 1. Pallab Bhattacharya “Semiconductor Opto Electronic Devices”, Prentice Hall of India Pvt., Ltd., New Delhi, 2006. 2. Jasprit Singh, “Opto Electronics – As Introduction to materials and devices”, McGraw-Hill International Edition, 1998 REFERENCES 1. S C Gupta, Opto Electronic Devices and Systems, Prentice Hal of India,2005. 2. J. Wilson and J.Haukes, “Opto Electronics – An Introduction”, Prentice Hall, 1995. EC2048 TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM MODELING AND SIMULATION L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I SIMULATION METHODOLOGY 9 Introduction, Aspects of methodology, Performance Estimation, Sampling frequency, Low pass equivalent models for bandpass signals, multicarrier signals, Non-linear and time varying systems, Post processing, Basic Graphical techniques and estimations UNIT II SIMULATION OF RANDOM VARIABLES RANDOM PROCESS 9 Generation of random numbers and sequence, Guassian and uniform random numbers Correlated random sequences, Testing of random numbers generators, Stationary and uncorrelated noise, Goodness of fit test. 63 UNIT III MODELING OF COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS 9 Radio frequency and optical sources, Analog and Digital signals, Communication channel and models, Free space channels, Multipath channel and discrete channel noise and interference. UNIT IV ESTIMATION OF PERFORMANCE MEASURE FOR SIMULATION 9 Quality of estimator, Estimation of SNR, Probability density function and bit error rate, Monte Carlo method, Importance sampling method, Extreme value theory. UNIT V SIMULATION AND MODELING METHODOLOGY 9 Simulation environment, Modeling considerations, Performance evaluation techniques, error source simulation, Validation. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXTBOOK 1. MC.Jeruchim, P.Balaban and Sam K Shanmugam, Simulation of communication Systems: Modeling, Methodology and Techniques, Plenum Press, New York, 2001. REFERENCES 1. Averill.M.Law and W.David Kelton,Simulation Modeling and Analysis, McGraw-Hill Inc., 2000. 2. Geoffrey Gorden, System Simulation, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall of India, 1992. 3. W.Turin, Performance Analysis of Digital Communication Systems, Computer Science Press, New York, 1990. 4. Jerry banks and John S.Carson, Discrete Event System Simulation, Prentice Hall of India, 1984. 5. William H. Tranter, K. Sam shanmugam, Theodore s. Rappaport, K.Kurt L.Kosbar, Principles of Communication Systems Simulation, Pearson Education (Singapore) Pvt Ltd, 2004. EC2049 RADAR AND NAVIGATIONAL AIDS L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I 9 Introduction to Radar Basic Radar –The simple form of the Radar Equation- Radar Block Diagram- Radar Frequencies –Applications of Radar – The Origins of Radar The Radar Equation Introduction- Detection of Signals in Noise- Receiver Noise and the Signal-to-Noise Ratio-Probability Density Functions- Probabilities of Detection and False Alarm- Integration of Radar Pulses- Radar Cross Section of Targets- Radar cross Section Fluctuations- Transmitter Power-Pulse Repetition Frequency- Antenna Parameters- System losses – Other Radar Equation Considerations UNIT II 9 MTI and Pulse Doppler Radar Introduction to Doppler and MTI Radar- Delay –Line Cancelers- Staggered Pulse Repetition Frequencies –Doppler Filter Banks - Digital MTI Processing - Moving Target Detector - Limitations to MTI Performance - MTI from a Moving Platform (AMIT) - Pulse Doppler Radar – Other Doppler Radar Topics- Tracking with Radar –Monopulse Tracking –Conical Scan and Sequential Lobing - Limitations to Tracking Accuracy - Low-Angle Tracking - Tracking in Range - Other Tracking Radar Topics -Comparison of Trackers - Automatic Tracking with Surveillance Radars (ADT). 64 UNIT III 9 Detection of Signals in Noise –Introduction – Matched –Filter Receiver –Detection Criteria – Detectors –-Automatic Detector - Integrators - Constant-False-Alarm Rate Receivers - The Radar operator - Signal Management - Propagation Radar Waves - Atmospheric Refraction -Standard propagation - Nonstandard Propagation - The Radar Antenna - Reflector Antennas - Electronically Steered Phased Array Antennas - Phase Shifters - Frequency-Scan Arrays Radar Transmitters- Introduction –Linear Beam Power Tubes - Solid State RF Power Sources - Magnetron - Crossed Field Amplifiers - Other RF Power Sources - Other aspects of Radar Transmitter. Radar Receivers - The Radar Receiver - Receiver noise Figure - Superheterodyne Receiver - Duplexers and Receiver Protectors- Radar Displays. UNIT IV 9 Introduction - Introduction - Four methods of Navigation . Radio Direction Finding - The Loop Antenna - Loop Input Circuits - An Aural Null Direction Finder - The Goniometer - Errors in Direction Finding - Adcock Direction Finders - Direction Finding at Very High Frequencies - Automatic Direction Finders - The Commutated Aerial Direction Finder - Range and Accuracy of Direction Finders Radio Ranges - The LF/MF Four course Radio Range - VHF Omni Directional Range(VOR) - VOR Receiving Equipment - Range and Accuracy of VOR - Recent Developments. Hyperbolic Systems of Navigation (Loran and Decca) - Loran-A - Loran-A Equipment - Range and precision of Standard Loran - Loran-C - The Decca Navigation System - Decca Receivers - Range and Accuracy of Decca - The Omega System UNIT V 9 DME and TACAN - Distance Measuring Equipment - Operation of DME - TACAN - TACAN Equipment Aids to Approach and Landing - Instrument Landing System - Ground Controlled Approach System - Microwave Landing System(MLS) Doppler Navigation - The Doppler Effect - Beam Configurations -Doppler Frequency Equations - Track Stabilization - Doppler Spectrum - Components of the Doppler Navigation System - Doppler range Equation - Accuracy of Doppler Navigation Systems. Inertial Navigation - Principles of Operation - Navigation Over the Earth - Components of an Inertial Navigation System - Earth Coordinate Mechanization - Strapped-Down Systems - Accuracy of Inertial Navigation Systems. Satellite Navigation System - The Transit System - Navstar Global Positioning System (GPS) TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXTBOOKS 1. Merrill I. Skolnik ," Introduction to Radar Systems", Tata McGraw-Hill (3rd Edition) 2003. 2. N.S.Nagaraja, Elements of Electronic Navigation Systems, 2nd Edition, TMH, 2000. REFERENCES 1. Peyton Z. Peebles:, "Radar Principles", Johnwiley, 2004 2. J.C Toomay, " Principles of Radar", 2nd Edition –PHI, 2004 65 EC2050 MOBILE ADHOC NETWORKS L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I INTRODUCTION 9 Introduction to adhoc networks – definition, characteristics features, applications. Charectristics of Wireless channel, Adhoc Mobility Models:- Indoor and out door models. UNIT II MEDIUM ACCESS PROTOCOLS 9 MAC Protocols: design issues, goals and classification. Contention based protocols- with reservation, scheduling algorithms, protocols using directional antennas. IEEE standards: 802.11a, 802.11b, 802.11g, 802.15. HIPERLAN. UNIT III NETWORK PROTOCOLS 9 Routing Protocols: Design issues, goals and classification. Proactive Vs reactive routing, Unicast routing algorithms, Multicast routing algorithms, hybrid routing algorithm, Energy aware routing algorithm, Hierarchical Routing, QoS aware routing. UNIT IV END-END DELIVERY AND SECURITY 9 Transport layer : Issues in desiging- Transport layer classification, adhoc transport protocols. Security issues in adhoc networks: issues and challenges, network security attacks, secure routing protocols. UNIT V CROSS LAYER DESIGN AND INTEGRATION OF ADHOC FOR 4G 9 Cross layer Design: Need for cross layer design, cross layer optimization, parameter optimization techniques, Cross layer cautionary prespective. Intergration of adhoc with Mobile IP networks. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXTBOOKS 1. C.Siva Ram Murthy and B.S.Manoj, Ad hoc Wireless Networks Architectures and protocols, 2nd edition, Pearson Education. 2007 2. Charles E. Perkins, Ad hoc Networking, Addison – Wesley, 2000 REFERENCES: 1. Stefano Basagni, Marco Conti, Silvia Giordano and Ivan stojmenovic, Mobilead hoc networking, Wiley-IEEE press, 2004. 2. Mohammad Ilyas, The handbook of adhoc wireless networks, CRC press, 2002. 3. T. Camp, J. Boleng, and V. Davies “A Survey of Mobility Models for Ad Hoc Network Research,” Wireless Commun. and Mobile Comp., Special Issue on Mobile Ad Hoc Networking Research, Trends and Applications, vol. 2, no. 5, 2002, pp. 483–502. 4. A survey of integrating IP mobility protocols and Mobile Ad hoc networks, Fekri M. Abduljalil and Shrikant K. Bodhe, IEEE communication Survey and tutorials, v 9.no.1 2007 5. V.T.Raisinhani and S.Iyer “Cross layer design optimization in wireless protocol stacks”Comp. communication, vol 27 no. 8, 2004. 6. V.T.Raisinhani and S.Iyer,”ÉCLAIR; An Efficient Cross-Layer Architecture for wireless protocol stacks”,World Wireless cong., San francisco,CA,May 2004. 7. V.Kawadia and P.P.Kumar,”A cautionary perspective on Cross-Layer design,”IEEE Wireless commn., vol 12, no 1,2005. 66 EC2051 WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I OVERVIEW OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS 8 Challenges for Wireless Sensor Networks, Enabling Technologies For Wireless Sensor Networks. UNIT II ARCHITECTURES 9 Single-Node Architecture - Hardware Components, Energy Consumption of Sensor Nodes , Operating Systems and Execution Environments, Network Architecture - Sensor Network Scenarios, Optimization Goals and Figures of Merit, Gateway Concepts. UNIT III NETWORKING SENSORS 10 Physical Layer and Transceiver Design Considerations, MAC Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks, Low Duty Cycle Protocols And Wakeup Concepts - S-MAC , The Mediation Device Protocol, Wakeup Radio Concepts, Address and Name Management, Assignment of MAC Addresses, Routing Protocols- Energy-Efficient Routing, Geographic Routing. UNIT IV INFRASTRUCTURE ESTABLISHMENT 9 Topology Control , Clustering, Time Synchronization, Localization and Positioning, Sensor Tasking and Control. UNIT V SENSOR NETWORK PLATFORMS AND TOOLS 9 Sensor Node Hardware – Berkeley Motes, Programming Challenges, Node-level software platforms, Node-level Simulators, State-centric programming. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS: 1. Holger Karl & Andreas Willig, " Protocols And Architectures for Wireless Sensor Networks" , John Wiley, 2005. 2. Feng Zhao & Leonidas J. Guibas, “Wireless Sensor Networks- An Information Processing Approach", Elsevier, 2007. REFERENCES: 1. Kazem Sohraby, Daniel Minoli, & Taieb Znati, “Wireless Sensor Networks- Technology, Protocols, And Applications”, John Wiley, 2007. 2. Anna Hac, “Wireless Sensor Network Designs”, John Wiley, 2003. EC2052 REMOTE SENSING L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I REMOTE SENSING 9 Definition – Components of Remote Sensing – Energy, Sensor, Interacting Body - Active and Passive Remote Sensing – Platforms – Aerial and Space Platforms – Balloons, Helicopters, Aircraft and Satellites – Synoptivity and Repetivity – Electro Magnetic Radiation (EMR) – EMR spectrum – Visible, Infra Red (IR), Near IR, Middle IR, Thermal IR and Microwave – Black Body Radiation - Planck’s law – Stefan-Boltzman law. 67 UNIT II EMR INTERACTION WITH ATMOSPHERE AND EARTH MATERIALS 9 Atmospheric characteristics – Scattering of EMR – Raleigh, Mie, Non-selective and Raman Scattering – EMR Interaction with Water vapour and ozone – Atmospheric Windows – Significance of Atmospheric windows – EMR interaction with Earth Surface Materials – Radiance, Irradiance, Incident, Reflected, Absorbed and Transmitted Energy – Reflectance – Specular and Diffuse Reflection Surfaces- Spectral Signature – Spectral Signature curves – EMR interaction with water, soil and Earth Surface:Imaging spectrometry and spectral characteristics. UNIT III OPTICAL AND MICROWAVE REMOTE SENSING 9 Satellites - Classification – Based on Orbits and Purpose – Satellite Sensors - Resolution – Description of Multi Spectral Scanning – Along and Across Track Scanners – Description of Sensors in Landsat, SPOT, IRS series – Current Satellites - Radar – Speckle - Back Scattering – Side Looking Airborne Radar – Synthetic Aperture Radar – Radiometer – Geometrical characteristics ; Sonar remote sensing systems. UNIT IV GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM 9 GIS – Components of GIS – Hardware, Software and Organisational Context – Data – Spatial and Non-Spatial – Maps – Types of Maps – Projection – Types of Projection - Data Input – Digitizer, Scanner – Editing – Raster and Vector data structures – Comparison of Raster and Vector data structure – Analysis using Raster and Vector data – Retrieval, Reclassification, Overlaying, Buffering – Data Output – Printers and Plotters UNIT V MISCELLANEOUS TOPICS 9 Visual Interpretation of Satellite Images – Elements of Interpretation - Interpretation Keys Characteristics of Digital Satellite Image – Image enhancement – Filtering – Classification - Integration of GIS and Remote Sensing – Application of Remote Sensing and GIS – Urban Applications- Integration of GIS and Remote Sensing – Application of Remote Sensing and GIS – Water resources – Urban Analysis – Watershed Management – Resources Information Systems. Global positioning system – an introduction. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS 1. M.G. Srinivas(Edited by), Remote Sensing Applications, Narosa Publishing House, 2001. (Units 1 & 2). 2. Anji Reddy, Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Systems, BS Publications 2001 (Units 3, 4 & 5). REFERENCES 1. Jensen, J.R., Remote sensing of the environment, Prentice Hall, 2000. 2. Kang-Tsung Chang,”Introduction to Geograhic Information Systems”, TMH, 2002 3. Lillesand T.M. and Kiefer R.W., “Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation”, John Wiley and Sons, Inc, New York, 1987. 4. Burrough P A, “Principle of GIS for land resource assessment”, Oxford 5. Mischael Hord, "Remote Sensing Methods and Applications", John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1986. 6. Singal, "Remote Sensing", Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 1990. 7. Floyd F. Sabins, Remote sensing, “Principles and interpretation”, W H Freeman and Company 1996. 68 EC2053 ENGINEERING ACOUSTICS L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I ACOUSTICS WAVES 9 Acoustics waves - Linear wave equation – sound in fluids – Harmonic plane waves – Energy density – Acoustics intensity – Specific acoustic impedance – spherical waves – Describer scales. Reflection and Transmission: Transmission from one fluid to another normal and oblique incidence – method of images. UNIT II RADIATION AND RECEPTION OF ACOUSTIC WAVES 9 Radiation from a pulsating sphere – Acoustic reciprocity – continuous line source - radiation impedance - Fundamental properties of transducers. Absorption and attenuation of sound Absorption from viscosity – complex sound speed and absorption – classical absorption coefficient UNIT III PIPES RESONATORS AND FILTERS 9 Resonance in pipes - standing wave pattern absorption of sound in pipes – long wavelength limit – Helmoltz resonator - acoustic impedance - reflection and transmission of waves in pipe - acoustic filters – low pass, high pass and band pass. Noise, Signal detection, Hearing and speech Noise, spectrum level and band level – combing band levels and tones – detecting signals in noise – detection threshold – the ear – fundamental properties of hearing – loudness level and loudness – pitch and frequency – voice. UNIT IV ARCHITECTURAL ACOUSTICS: 9 Sound in endosure – A simple model for the growth of sound in a room – reverberation time - Sabine, sound absorption materials – measurement of the acoustic output of sound sources in live rooms – acoustics factor in architectural design. Environmental Acoustics: Weighted sound levels speech interference – highway noise – noise induced hearing loss – noise and architectural design specification and measurement of some isolation design of portions. UNIT V TRANSDUCTION 9 Transducer as an electives network – canonical equation for the two simple transducers transmitters – moving coil loud speaker – loudspeaker cabinets – horn loud speaker, receivers – condenser – microphone – moving coil electrodynamics microphone piezoelectric microphone – calibration of receivers. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOK: 1. Lawrence E.Kinsler, Austin, R.Frey, Alan B.Coppens, James V.Sanders, Fundamentals of Acoustics, 4th edition, Wiley, 2000. REFERENCE: 1. L.Beranek , “Acoustics” - Tata McGraw-Hill 69 EC2054 OPTICAL NETWORKS L T P C 3 0 0 3 UNIT I OPTICAL SYSTEM COMPONENTS 9 Light propagation in optical fibers – Loss & bandwidth, System limitations, Non-Linear effects; Solitons; Optical Network Components – Couplers, Isolators & Circulators, Multiplexers & Filters, Optical Amplifiers, Switches, Wavelength Converters. UNIT II OPTICAL NETWORK ARCHITECTURES 9 Introduction to Optical Networks; SONET / SDH, Metropoliton-Area Networks, Layered Architecture ; Broadcast and Select Networks – Topologies for Broadcast Networks, Media-Access Control Protocols, Testbeds for Broadcast & Select WDM; Wavelength Routing Architecture. UNIT III WAVELENGTH ROUTING NETWORKS 9 The optical layer, Node Designs, Optical layer cost tradeoff, Routing and wavelength assignment,Virtual topology design, Wavelength Routing Testbeds, Architectural variations. UNIT IV PACKET SWITCHING AND ACCESS NETWORKS 9 Photonic Packet Switching – OTDM, Multiplexing and Demultiplexing, Synchronisation, Broadcast OTDM networks, Switch-based networks; Access Networks – Network Architecture overview, Future Access Networks, Optical Access Network Architectures; and OTDM networks. UNIT V NETWORK DESIGN AND MANAGEMENT 9 Transmission System Engineering – System model, Power penalty - transmitter, receiver, Optical amplifiers, crosstalk, dispersion; Wavelength stabilization ; Overall design considerations; Control and Management – Network management functions, Configuration management, Performance management, Fault management, Optical safety, Service interface. TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOK: 1. Rajiv Ramaswami and Kumar N. Sivarajan, “Optical Networks : A Practical Perspective”, Harcourt Asia Pte Ltd., Second Edition 2004. REFERENCES: 1. C. Siva Ram Moorthy and Mohan Gurusamy, “WDM Optical Networks : Concept, Design and Algorithms”, Prentice Hall of India, Ist Edition, 2002. 2. P.E. Green, Jr., “Fiber Optic Networks”, Prentice Hall, NJ, 1993.

15
ANNA UNIVERSITY CHENNAI : : CHENNAI – 600 025
AFFILIATED INSTITUTIONS
B.E. (8 SEMESTER) ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
CURRICULUM – R 2008
SEMESTER VI
(Applicable to the students admitted from the Academic year 2008–2009 onwards)
CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C
THEORY
MG2351 Principles of Management 3 0 0 3
EC2351 Measurements and Instrumentation 3 0 0 3
EC2352 Computer Networks 3 0 0 3
EC2353 Antenna and Wave Propagation 3 1 0 4
EC2354 VLSI Design 3 0 0 3
Elective I 3 0 0 3
PRACTICAL
EC2356 Computer Networks Lab 0 0 3 2
EC2357 VLSI Design Lab 0 0 3 2
GE2321 Communication Skills Lab 0 0 4 2
TOTAL 18 1 10 25
SEMESTER VII
(Applicable to the students admitted from the Academic year 2008–2009 onwards)
CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C
THEORY
EC2401 Wireless Communication 3 0 0 3
EC2402 Optical Communication and Networking 3 0 0 3
EC2403 RF and Microwave Engineering 3 0 0 3
Elective II 3 0 0 3
Elective III 3 0 0 3
Elective IV 3 0 0 3
PRACTICAL
EC2404 Electronics System Design Lab 0 0 3 2
EC2405 Optical & Microwave Lab 0 0 3 2
TOTAL 18 0 6 22
16
SEMESTER VIII
(Applicable to the students admitted from the Academic year 2008–2009 onwards)
CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C
THEORY
Elective V 3 0 0 3
Elective VI 3 0 0 3
PRACTICAL
EC2451 Project Work 0 0 12 6
TOTAL 6 0 12 12
LIST OF ELECTIVES
SEMESTER VI – Elective I
CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C
EC2021 Medical Electronics 3 0 0 3
EC2022 Operating Systems 3 0 0 3
EC2023 Solid State Electronic Devices 3 0 0 3
EC2024 Speech Processing 3 0 0 3
MA2264 Numerical Methods 3 1 0 4
CS2021 Multicore Programming 3 0 0 3
SEMESTER VII - Elective II
CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C
EC2030 Advanced Digital Signal Processing 3 0 0 3
GE2022 Total Quality Management 3 0 0 3
EC2035 Cryptography and Network Security 3 0 0 3
EC2036 Information Theory 3 0 0 3
GE2071 Intellectual Property Rights 3 0 0 3
GE2021 Professional Ethics in Engineering 3 0 0 3
SEMESTER VII - Elective III
CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C
EC2027 Advanced Microprocessors
EC2028 Internet and Java 3 0 0 3
CS2060 High Speed Networks 3 0 0 3
CS2053 Soft Computing 3 0 0 3
EC2037 Multimedia Compression & Communication 3 0 0 3
EC2039 Parallel and Distributed Processing 3 0 0 3
17
SEMESTER VII - Elective IV
CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C
EC2029 Digital Image Processing 3 0 0 3
EC2031 Electromagnetic Interference and Compatibility 3 0 0 3
EC2033 Power Electronics 3 0 0 3
EC2034 Television and Video Engineering 3 0 0 3
EC2038 Nano Electronics 3 0 0 3
EC2041 Avionics 3 0 0 3
SEMESTER VIII - Elective V
CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C
EC2042 Embedded and Real Time Systems 3 0 0 3
EC2046 Advanced Electronic system design 3 0 0 3
EC2047 Optoelectronic devices 3 0 0 3
EC2050 Mobile Adhoc Networks 3 0 0 3
EC2051 Wireless Sensor Networks 3 0 0 3
EC2052 Remote Sensing 3 0 0 3
EC2053 Engineering Acoustics 3 0 0 3
SEMESTER VIII - Elective VI
CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C
EC2043 Wireless networks 3 0 0 3
EC2044 Telecommunication Switching and Networks 3 0 0 3
EC2045 Satellite Communication 3 0 0 3
EC2048 Telecommunication System Modeling and
Simulation
3 0 0 3
EC2049 Radar and Navigational Aids 3 0 0 3
EC2054 Optical Networks 3 0 0 3
18
MG2351 PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I OVERVIEW OF MANAGEMENT 9
Definition - Management - Role of managers - Evolution of Management thought -
Organization and the environmental factors – Trends and Challenges of Management in
Global Scenario.
UNIT II PLANNING 9
Nature and purpose of planning - Planning process - Types of plans – Objectives - -
Managing by objective (MBO) Strategies - Types of strategies - Policies - Decision
Making - Types of decision - Decision Making Process - Rational Decision Making
Process - Decision Making under different conditions.
UNIT III ORGANIZING 9
Nature and purpose of organizing - Organization structure - Formal and informal groups I
organization - Line and Staff authority - Departmentation - Span of control -
Centralization and Decentralization - Delegation of authority - Staffing - Selection and
Recruitment - Orientation - Career Development - Career stages – Training - -
Performance Appraisal.
UNIT IV DIRECTING 9
Creativity and Innovation - Motivation and Satisfaction - Motivation Theories -
Leadership Styles - Leadership theories - Communication - Barriers to effective
communication - Organization Culture - Elements and types of culture - Managing
cultural diversity.
UNIT V CONTROLLING 9
Process of controlling - Types of control - Budgetary and non-budgetary control
techniques - Managing Productivity - Cost Control - Purchase Control - Maintenance
Control - Quality Control - Planning operations.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Stephen P. Robbins and Mary Coulter, 'Management', Prentice Hall of India,
8th edition.
2. Charles W L Hill, Steven L McShane, 'Principles of Management', Mcgraw Hill
Education, Special Indian Edition, 2007.
REFERENCES:
1. Hellriegel, Slocum & Jackson, ' Management - A Competency Based Approach',
Thomson South Western, 10th edition, 2007.
2. Harold Koontz, Heinz Weihrich and Mark V Cannice, 'Management - A global
& Entrepreneurial Perspective', Tata Mcgraw Hill, 12th edition, 2007.
3. Andrew J. Dubrin, 'Essentials of Management', Thomson Southwestern, 7th
edition, 2007.
19
EC2351 MEASUREMENTS AND INSTRUMENTATION L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I BASIC MEASUREMENT CONCEPTS 9
Measurement systems – Static and dynamic characteristics – units and standards of
measurements – error :- accuracy and precision, types, statistical analysis – moving coil,
moving iron meters – multimeters – Bridge measurements : – Maxwell, Hay, Schering,
Anderson and Wien bridge.
UNIT II BASIC ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENTS 9
Electronic multimeters – Cathode ray oscilloscopes – block schematic – applications –
special oscilloscopes :– delayed time base oscilloscopes, analog and digital storage
oscilloscope, sampling oscilloscope – Q meters – Vector meters – RF voltage and
power measurements – True RMS meters.
UNIT III SIGNAL GENERATORS AND ANALYZERS 9
Function generators – pulse and square wave generators, RF signal generators –
Sweep generators – Frequency synthesizer – wave analyzer – Harmonic distortion
analyzer – spectrum analyzer :- digital spectrum analyzer, Vector Network Analyzer –
Digital L,C,R measurements, Digital RLC meters.
UNIT IV DIGITAL INSTRUMENTS 9
Comparison of analog and digital techniques – digital voltmeter – multimeters –
frequency counters – measurement of frequency and time interval – extension of
frequency range – Automation in digital instruments, Automatic polarity indication,
automatic ranging, automatic zeroing, fully automatic digital instruments, Computer
controlled test systems, Virtual instruments.
UNIT V DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEMS AND FIBER
OPTIC MEASUREMENTS 9
Elements of a digital data acquisition system – interfacing of transducers – multiplexing –
data loggers –computer controlled instrumentation – IEEE 488 bus – fiber optic
measurements for power and system loss – optical time domains reflectometer.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Albert D.Helfrick and William D.Cooper – Modern Electronic Instrumentation and
Measurement Techniques, Pearson / Prentice Hall of India, 2007.
2. Ernest O. Doebelin, Measurement Systems- Application and Design, TMH, 2007.
REFERENCES:
1. Joseph J.Carr, Elements of Electronics Instrumentation and Measurement, Pearson
Education, 2003.
2. Alan. S. Morris, Principles of Measurements and Instrumentation, 2nd Edition,
Prentice Hall of India, 2003.
3. David A. Bell, Electronic Instrumentation and measurements, Prentice Hall of India
Pvt Ltd, 2003.
4. B.C. Nakra and K.K. Choudhry, Instrumentation, Meaurement and Analysis, 2nd
Edition, TMH, 2004.
5. James W. Dally, William F. Riley, Kenneth G. McConnell, Instrumentation for
Engineering Measurements, 2nd Edition, John Wiley, 2003.
20
EC2352 COMPUTER NETWORKS L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I PHYSICAL LAYER 9
Data Communications – Networks - Networks models – OSI model – Layers in OSI
model – TCP / IP protocol suite – Addressing – Guided and Unguided Transmission
media
Switching: Circuit switched networks – Data gram Networks – Virtual circuit networks
Cable networks for Data transmission: Dialup modems – DSL – Cable TV – Cable TV for
Data transfer.
UNIT II DATA LINK LAYER 10
Data link control: Framing – Flow and error control –Protocols for Noiseless and Noisy
Channels – HDLC
Multiple access: Random access – Controlled access
Wired LANS : Ethernet – IEEE standards – standard Ethernet – changes in the standard
– Fast Ethernet – Gigabit Ethernet.
Wireless LANS : IEEE 802.11–Bluetooth.
Connecting LANS: Connecting devices - Backbone networks - Virtual LANS
Virtual circuit networks: Architecture and Layers of Frame Relay and ATM.
UNIT III NETWORK LAYER 9
Logical addressing: IPv4, IPv6 addresses
Internet Protocol: Internetworking – IPv4, IPv6 - Address mapping – ARP, RARP,
BOOTP, DHCP, ICMP, IGMP, Delivery - Forwarding - Routing – Unicast, Multicast
routing protocols.
UNIT IV TRANSPORT LAYER 8
Process-to-Process delivery - User Datagram Protocol (UDP) – Transmission Control
Protocol (TCP) – Congestion Control – Quality of services (QoS) – Techniques to
improve QoS.
UNIT V APPLICATION LAYER 9
Domain Name System (DNS) – E-mail – FTP – WWW – HTTP – Multimedia Network
Security: Cryptography – Symmetric key and Public Key algorithms - Digital signature –
Management of Public keys – Communication Security – Authentication Protocols.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS
1. Behrouz A. Foruzan, “Data communication and Networking”, Tata McGraw-Hill,
2006: Unit I-IV
2. Andrew S. Tannenbaum, “Computer Networks”, Pearson Education, Fourth Edition,
2003: Unit V
REFERENCES
1. Wayne Tomasi, “Introduction to Data Communication and Networking”, 1/e, Pearson
Education.
2. James .F. Kurouse & W. Rouse, “Computer Networking: A Topdown Approach
Featuring”,3/e, Pearson Education.
3. C.Sivaram Murthy, B.S.Manoj, “Ad hoc Wireless Networks – Architecture and
Protocols”, Second Edition, Pearson Education.
21
4. Greg Tomshon, Ed Tittel, David Johnson. “Guide to Networking Essentials”, fifth
edition, Thomson India Learning, 2007.
5. William Stallings, “Data and Computer Communication”, Eighth Edition, Pearson
Education, 2000.
EC2353 ANTENNA AND WAVE PROPAGATION L T P C
3 1 0 4
UNIT I ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION AND ANTENNA FUNDAMENTALS
9
Review of electromagnetic theory: Vector potential, Solution of wave equation, retarded
case, Hertizian dipole. Antenna characteristics: Radiation pattern, Beam solid angle,
Directivity, Gain, Input impedance, Polarization, Bandwidth, Reciprocity, Equivalence of
Radiation patterns, Equivalence of Impedances, Effective aperture, Vector effective
length, Antenna temperature.
UNIT II WIRE ANTENNAS AND ANTENNA ARRAYS 9
Wire antennas: Short dipole, Radiation resistance and Directivity, Half wave Dipole,
Monopole, Small loop antennas. Antenna Arrays: Linear Array and Pattern Multiplication,
Two-element Array, Uniform Array, Polynomial representation, Array with non-uniform
Excitation-Binomial Array
UNIT III APERTURE ANTENNAS 9
Aperture Antennas: Magnetic Current and its fields, Uniqueness theorem, Field
equivalence principle, Duality principle, Method of Images, Pattern properties, Slot
antenna, Horn Antenna, Pyramidal Horn Antenna, Reflector Antenna-Flat reflector,
Corner Reflector, Common curved reflector shapes, Lens Antenna.
UNIT IV SPECIAL ANTENNAS AND ANTENNA MEASUREMENTS 9
Special Antennas: Long wire, V and Rhombic Antenna, Yagi-Uda Antenna, Turnstile
Antenna, Helical Antenna- Axial mode helix, Normal mode helix, Biconical Antenna, Log
periodic Dipole Array, Spiral Antenna, Microstrip Patch Antennas.
Antenna Measurements: Radiation Pattern measurement, Gain and Directivity
Measurements, Anechoic Chamber measurement.
UNIT V RADIO WAVE PROPAGATION 9
Calculation of Great Circle Distance between any two points on earth, Ground Wave
Propagation, Free-space Propagation, Ground Reflection, Surface waves, Diffraction,
Wave propagation in complex Environments, Tropospheric Propagation, Tropospheric
Scatter. Ionospheric propagation: Structure of ionosphere, Sky waves, skip distance,
Virtual height, Critical frequency, MUF, Electrical properties of ionosphere, Effects of
earth’s magnetic fields, Faraday rotation, Whistlers.
L: 45, T: 15, TOTAL= 60 PERIODS
TEXTBOOKS
1. E.C.Jordan and Balmain, “Electromagnetic waves and Radiating Systems”, Pearson
Education / PHI, 2006
2. A.R.Harish, M.Sachidanada, “Antennas and Wave propagation”, Oxford University
Press, 2007.
22
REFERENCES
1. John D.Kraus, Ronald J Marhefka and Ahmad S Khan, “Antennas for all
Applications”, Tata McGraw-Hill Book Company, 3 ed, 2007.
2. G.S.N.Raju, Antenna Wave Propagation, Pearson Education, 2004.
3. Constantine A. Balanis, Antenna Theory Analysis and Desin, John Wiley, 2nd Edition,
2007.
4. R.E.Collins, “Antenna and Radiowave propagation”,
5. W.L Stutzman and G.A. Thiele, “Antenna analysis and design”, John Wiley, 2000.
EC2354 VLSI DESIGN L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I CMOS TECHNOLOGY 9
A brief History-MOS transistor, Ideal I-V characteristics, C-V characteristics, Non ideal IV
effects, DC transfer characteristics - CMOS technologies, Layout design Rules, CMOS
process enhancements, Technology related CAD issues, Manufacturing issues
UNIT II CIRCUIT CHARACTERIZATION AND SIMULATION 9
Delay estimation, Logical effort and Transistor sizing, Power dissipation, Interconnect,
Design margin, Reliability, Scaling- SPICE tutorial, Device models, Device
characterization, Circuit characterization, Interconnect simulation
UNIT III COMBINATIONAL AND SEQUENTIAL CIRCUIT DESIGN 9
Circuit families –Low power logic design – comparison of circuit families – Sequencing
static circuits, circuit design of latches and flip flops, Static sequencing element
methodology- sequencing dynamic circuits – synchronizers
UNIT IV CMOS TESTING 9
Need for testing- Testers, Text fixtures and test programs- Logic verification- Silicon
debug principles- Manufacturing test – Design for testability – Boundary scan
UNIT V SPECIFICATION USING VERILOG HDL 9
Basic concepts- identifiers- gate primitives, gate delays, operators, timing controls,
procedural assignments conditional statements, Data flow and RTL, structural gate level
switch level modeling, Design hierarchies, Behavioral and RTL modeling, Test benches,
Structural gate level description of decoder, equality detector, comparator, priority
encoder, half adder, full adder, Ripple carry adder, D latch and D flip flop.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXTBOOKS:
1. Weste and Harris: CMOS VLSI DESIGN (Third edition) Pearson Education, 2005
2. Uyemura J.P: Introduction to VLSI circuits and systems, Wiley 2002.
REFERENCES:
1 D.A Pucknell & K.Eshraghian Basic VLSI Design, Third edition, PHI, 2003
2 Wayne Wolf, Modern VLSI design, Pearson Education, 2003
3 M.J.S.Smith: Application specific integrated circuits, Pearson Education, 1997
4 J.Bhasker: Verilog HDL primer, BS publication,2001
5 Ciletti Advanced Digital Design with the Verilog HDL, Prentice Hall of India, 2003
23
EC2356 COMPUTER NETWORKS LAB L T P C
0 0 3 2
1. PC to PC Communication
Parallel Communication using 8 bit parallel cable
Serial communication using RS 232C
2. Ethernet LAN protocol
To create scenario and study the performance of CSMA/CD protocol through
simulation
3. Token bus and token ring protocols
To create scenario and study the performance of token bus and token ring
protocols through simulation
4. Wireless LAN protocols
To create scenario and study the performance of network with CSMA / CA
protocol and compare with CSMA/CD protocols.
5. Implementation and study of stop and wait protocol
6. Implementation and study of Goback-N and selective repeat protocols
7. Implementation of distance vector routing algorithm
8. Implementation of Link state routing algorithm
9. Implementation of Data encryption and decryption
10. Transfer of files from PC to PC using Windows / Unix socket processing
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
Requirement for a batch of 30 students
S.No. Description of Equipment Quantity required
1. PC (with recent specification) 30 Nos.
2. Ethernet LAN trainer 2
3. Wireless LAN trainer 2
4. Network Simulator Software 20 Nos.
5. C. Complier All the 30 Systems
6. Java All the 30 systems
24
EC2357 VLSI DESIGN LAB L T P C
0 0 3 2
1. Design Entry and simulation of combinational logic circuits (8 bit adders, 4 bit
multipliers, address decoders, multiplexers), Test bench creation, functional
verification, and concepts of concurrent and sequential execution to be highlighted.
2. Design Entry and simulation of sequential logic circuits (counters, PRBS generators,
accumulators). Test bench creation, functional verification, and concepts of
concurrent and sequential execution to be highlighted.
3. Synthesis, P&R and Post P&R simulation for all the blocks/codes developed in Expt.
No. 1 and No. 2 given above. Concepts of FPGA floor plan, critical path, design gate
count, I/O configuration and pin assignment to be taught in this experiment.
4. Generation of configuration/fuse files for all the blocks/codes developed as part of
Expt.1. and Expt. 2. FPGA devices must be configured and hardware tested for the
blocks/codes developed as part of Expt. 1. and Expt. 2. The correctness of the
inputs and outputs for each of the blocks must be demonstrated atleast on
oscilloscopes (logic analyzer preferred).
5. Schematic Entry and SPICE simulation of MOS differential amplifier. Determination
of gain, bandwidth, output impedance and CMRR.
6. Layout of a simple CMOS inverter, parasitic extraction and simulation.
7. Design of a 10 bit number controlled oscillator using standard cell approach,
simulation followed by study of synthesis reports.
8. Automatic layout generation followed by post layout extraction and simulation of the
circuit studied in Expt. No.7
Note 1. For Expt. 1 To 4 can be carried out using Altera (Quartus) / Xilinx (Alliance) /
ACTEL (Libero) tools.
Note 2. For expt. 5-8 introduce the student to basics of IC design. These have to be
carried out using atleast 0.5u CMOS technology libraries. The S/W tools needed
Cadence / MAGMA / Tanner.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
25
GE2321 COMMUNICATION SKILLS LAB L T P C
(Fifth / Sixth Semester) 0 0 4 2
A. English Language Lab (18 Periods)
1. Listening Comprehension: (6)
Listening and typing – Listening and sequencing of sentences – Filling in the blanks -
Listening and answering questions.
2. Reading Comprehension: (6)
Filling in the blanks - Close exercises – Vocabulary building - Reading and answering
questions.
3. Speaking: (6)
Phonetics: Intonation – Ear training - Correct Pronunciation – Sound recognition
exercises – Common Errors in English.
Conversations: Face to Face Conversation – Telephone conversation – Role play
activities (Students take on roles and engage in conversation)
B. Discussion of audio-visual materials (6 periods)
(Samples are available to learn and practice)
1. Resume / Report Preparation / Letter Writing (1)
Structuring the resume / report - Letter writing / Email Communication - Samples.
2. Presentation skills: (1)
Elements of effective presentation – Structure of presentation - Presentation tools –
Voice Modulation – Audience analysis - Body language – Video samples
3. Soft Skills: (2)
Time management – Articulateness – Assertiveness – Psychometrics –
Innovation and Creativity - Stress Management & Poise - Video Samples
4. Group Discussion: (1)
Why is GD part of selection process ? - Structure of GD – Moderator – led and other
GDs - Strategies in GD – Team work - Body Language - Mock GD -Video samples
5. Interview Skills: (1)
Kinds of interviews – Required Key Skills – Corporate culture – Mock interviews-
Video samples.
I. PC based session (Weightage 40%) 24 periods
II. Practice Session (Weightage – 60%) 24 periods
26
1. Resume / Report Preparation / Letter writing: Students prepare their
own resume and report. (2)
2. Presentation Skills: Students make presentations on given topics. (8)
3. Group Discussion: Students participate in group discussions. (6)
4. Interview Skills: Students participate in Mock Interviews (8)
REFERENCES:
1. Anderson, P.V, Technical Communication, Thomson Wadsworth ,
Sixth Edition, New Delhi, 2007.
2. Prakash, P, Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning, Macmillan India Ltd., Second
Edition, New Delhi, 2004.
3. John Seely, The Oxford Guide to Writing and Speaking, Oxford University
Press, New Delhi, 2004.
4. Evans, D, Decisionmaker, Cambridge University Press, 1997.
5. Thorpe, E, and Thorpe, S, Objective English, Pearson Education,
Second Edition, New Delhi, 2007.
6. Turton, N.D and Heaton, J.B, Dictionary of Common Errors, Addision Wesley
Longman Ltd., Indian reprint 1998.
Lab Requirements:
1. Teacher console and systems for students.
2. English Language Lab Software
3. Career Lab Software
27
Guidelines for the course
GE2321 COMMUNICATION SKILLS LABORATORY
1. A batch of 60 / 120 students is divided into two groups – one group for the PCbased
session and the other group for the Class room session.
2. The English Lab (2 Periods) will be handled by a faculty member of the English
Department. The Career Lab (2 Periods) may be handled by any competent
teacher, not necessarily from English Department
3. Record Notebook: At the end of each session of English Lab, review exercises are
given for the students to answer and the computer evaluated sheets are to be
compiled as record notebook. Similar exercises for the career lab are to be compiled
in the record notebook.
4. Internal Assessment: The 15 marks (the other 5 marks for attendance) allotted for
the internal assessment will be based on the record notebook compiled by the
candidate. 10 marks may be allotted for English Lab component and 5 marks for the
Career Lab component.
5. End semester Examination: The end-semester examination carries 40% weightage
for English Lab and 60% weightage for Career Lab.
Each candidate will have separate sets of questions assigned by the teacher using
the teacher-console enabling PC–based evaluation for the 40% of marks allotted.
The Career Lab component will be evaluated for a maximum of 60% by a local
examiner & an external examiner drafted from other Institutions, similar to any other
lab examination conducted by Anna University.
L: 45, T: 15, TOTAL= 60 PERIODS
EC2401 WIRELESS COMMUNICATION L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I SERVICES AND TECHNICAL CHALLENGES 9
Types of Services, Requirements for the services, Multipath propagation, Spectrum
Limitations, Noise and Interference limited systems, Principles of Cellular networks,
Multiple Access Schemes.
UNIT II WIRELESS PROPAGATION CHANNELS 9
Propagation Mechanisms (Qualitative treatment), Propagation effects with mobile radio,
Channel Classification, Link calculations, Narrowband and Wideband models.
28
UNIT III WIRELESS TRANSCEIVERS 9
Structure of a wireless communication link, Modulation and demodulation – Quadrature
Phase Shift Keying, /4-Differential Quadrature Phase Shift Keying, Offset-Quadrature
Phase Shift Keying, Binary Frequency Shift Keying, Minimum Shift Keying, Gaussian
Minimum Shift Keying, Power spectrum and Error performance in fading channels.
UNIT IV SIGNAL PROCESSING IN WIRELESS SYSTEMS 9
Principle of Diversity, Macrodiversity, Microdiversity, Signal Combining Techniques,
Transmit diversity, Equalisers- Linear and Decision Feedback equalisers, Review of
Channel coding and Speech coding techniques.
UNIT V ADVANCED TRANSCEIVER SCHEMES 9
Spread Spectrum Systems- Cellular Code Division Multiple Access Systems- Principle,
Power control, Effects of multipath propagation on Code Division Multiple Access,
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing – Principle, Cyclic Prefix, Transceiver
implementation, Second Generation(GSM, IS–95) and Third Generation Wireless
Networks and Standards
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Andreas.F. Molisch, “Wireless Communications”, John Wiley – India, 2006.
2. Simon Haykin & Michael Moher, “Modern Wireless Communications”, Pearson
Education, 2007.
REFERENCES:
1. Rappaport. T.S., “Wireless communications”, Pearson Education, 2003.
2. Gordon L. Stuber, “Principles of Mobile Communication”, Springer International Ltd.,
2001.
3. Andrea Goldsmith, Wireless Communications, Cambridge University Press, 2007.
EC2402 OPTICAL COMMUNICATION AND NETWORKING L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I INTRODUCTION 9
Introduction, Ray theory transmission- Total internal reflection-Acceptance angle –
Numerical aperture – Skew rays – Electromagnetic mode theory of optical propagation –
EM waves – modes in Planar guide – phase and group velocity – cylindrical fibers –
SM fibers.
UNIT II TRANSMISSION CHARACTERISTICS OF OPTICAL FIBERS 9
Attenuation – Material absorption losses in silica glass fibers – Linear and Non linear
Scattering losses - Fiber Bend losses – Midband and farband infra red transmission –
Intra and inter Modal Dispersion – Over all Fiber Dispersion – Polarization- non linear
Phenomena. Optical fiber connectors, Fiber alignment and Joint Losses – Fiber Splices
– Fiber connectors – Expanded Beam Connectors – Fiber Couplers.
29
UNIT III SOURCES AND DETECTORS 9
Optical sources: Light Emitting Diodes - LED structures - surface and edge emitters,
mono and hetero structures - internal - quantum efficiency, injection laser diode
structures - comparison of LED and ILD
Optical Detectors: PIN Photo detectors, Avalanche photo diodes, construction,
characteristics and properties, Comparison of performance, Photo detector noise -Noise
sources , Signal to Noise ratio , Detector response time.
UNIT IV FIBER OPTIC RECEIVER AND MEASUREMENTS 9
Fundamental receiver operation, Pre amplifiers, Error sources – Receiver Configuration
– Probability of Error – Quantum limit.
Fiber Attenuation measurements- Dispersion measurements – Fiber Refractive index
profile measurements – Fiber cut- off Wave length Measurements – Fiber Numerical
Aperture Measurements – Fiber diameter measurements.
UNIT V OPTICAL NETWORKS 9
Basic Networks – SONET / SDH – Broadcast – and –select WDM Networks –
Wavelength Routed Networks – Non linear effects on Network performance –
Performance of WDM + EDFA system – Solitons – Optical CDMA – Ultra High Capacity
Networks.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Optical Fiber Communication – John M. Senior – Pearson Education – Second
Edition. 2007
2. Optical Fiber Communication – Gerd Keiser – Mc Graw Hill – Third Edition. 2000
REFERENCES:
1.J.Gower, “Optical Communication System”, Prentice Hall of India, 2001
2. Rajiv Ramaswami, “Optical Networks “ , Second Edition, Elsevier , 2004.
3. Govind P. Agrawal, “ Fiber-optic communication systems”, third edition, John Wiley &
sons, 2004.
4. R.P. Khare, “Fiber Optics and Optoelectronics”, Oxford University Press, 2007.
30
EC2403 RF AND MICROWAVE ENGINEERING L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I TWO PORT RF NETWORKS-CIRCUIT REPRESENTATION 9
Low frequency parameters-impedance ,admittance, hybrid and ABCD. High frequency
parameters-Formulation of S parameters, properties of S parameters-Reciprocal and
lossless networks, transmission matrix, Introduction to component basics, wire, resistor,
capacitor and inductor, applications of RF
UNIT II RF TRANSISTOR AMPLIFIER DESIGN AND MATCHING NETWORKS
9
Amplifier power relation, stability considerations, gain considerations noise figure,
impedance matching networks, frequency response, T and Π matching networks,
microstripline matching networks
UNIT III MICROWAVE PASSIVE COMPONENTS 9
Microwave frequency range, significance of microwave frequency range - applications of
microwaves. Scattering matrix -Concept of N port scattering matrix representation-
Properties of S matrix- S matrix formulation of two-port junction. Microwave junctions -
Tee junctions -Magic Tee - Rat race - Corners - bends and twists - Directional couplers -
two hole directional couplers- Ferrites - important microwave properties and applications
– Termination - Gyrator- Isolator-Circulator - Attenuator - Phase changer – S Matrix for
microwave components – Cylindrical cavity resonators.
UNIT IV MICROWAVE SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES 9
Microwave semiconductor devices- operation - characteristics and application of BJTs
and FETs -Principles of tunnel diodes - Varactor and Step recovery diodes - Transferred
Electron Devices -Gunn diode- Avalanche Transit time devices- IMPATT and TRAPATT
devices. Parametric devices -Principles of operation - applications of parametric
amplifier .Microwave monolithic integrated circuit (MMIC) - Materials and fabrication
techniques
UNIT V MICROWAVE TUBES AND MEASUREMENTS 9
Microwave tubes- High frequency limitations - Principle of operation of Multicavity
Klystron, Reflex Klystron, Traveling Wave Tube, Magnetron. Microwave measurements:
Measurement of power, wavelength, impedance, SWR, attenuation, Q and Phase shift.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
31
TEXT BOOK:
1) Samuel Y Liao, “Microwave Devices & Circuits” , Prentice Hall of India, 2006.
2) Reinhold.Ludwig and Pavel Bretshko ‘RF Circuit Design”, Pearson Education, Inc.,
2006
REFERENCES:
1. Robert. E.Collin-Foundation of Microwave Engg –Mc Graw Hill.
2. Annapurna Das and Sisir K Das, “Microwave Engineering”, Tata Mc Graw
3. Hill Inc., 2004.
4. M.M.Radmanesh , RF & Microwave Electronics Illustrated, Pearson
Education, 2007.
5. Robert E.Colin, 2ed “Foundations for Microwave Engineering”, McGraw Hill, 2001
6. D.M.Pozar, “Microwave Engineering.”, John Wiley & sons, Inc., 2006.
EC2404 ELECTRONICS SYSTEM DESIGN LAB L T P C
0 0 3 2
1. Design of a 4-20mA transmitter for a bridge type transducer.
Design the Instrumentation amplifier with the bridge type transducer (Thermistor
or any resistance variation transducers) and convert the amplified voltage from
the instrumentation amplifier to 4 – 20 mA current using op-amp. Plot the
variation of the temperature Vs output current.
2. Design of AC/DC voltage regulator using SCR
Design a phase controlled voltage regulator using full wave rectifier and SCR,
vary the conduction angle and plot the output voltage.
3. Design of process control timer
Design a sequential timer to switch on & off at least 3 relays in a particular
sequence using timer IC.
4. Design of AM / FM modulator / demodulator
i. Design AM signal using multiplier IC for the given carrier frequency and
modulation index and demodulate the AM signal using envelope detector.
ii. Design FM signal using VCO IC NE566 for the given carrier frequency and
demodulate the same using PLL NE 565.
5. Design of Wireless data modem.
Design a FSK modulator using 555/XR 2206 and convert it to sine wave using
filter and transmit the same using IR LED and demodulate the same PLL NE
565/XR 2212.
6. PCB layout design using CAD
Drawing the schematic of simple electronic circuit and design of PCB layout
using CAD
7. Microcontroller based systems design
Design of microcontroller based system for simple applications like security
systems combination lock.
8. DSP based system design
Design a DSP based system for echo cancellation, using TMS/ADSP DSP kit.
9. Psuedo-random Sequence Generator
10. Arithmetic Logic Unit Design
Note: Kits should not be used. Instead each experiment may be given as mini project.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
32
LIST OF EQUIPMENTS:
1) Dual Power supply ±15V
Ammeter (Multimeter)
Temperature Measurement Transducer
2) Power Supply (for IC 555)
Relays
Indicator LEDs
3) System with ARCAD Software
4) TMS320C5416 (with CCS) and system, speaker
5) 8051 based Trainer kit, and system with interfaces like ADC, DAC, Keyboard and
display
6) CRO – 5
7) Function Generator – 5
8) Regulated Power supply – [0-30V)-10, 5V-2
9) Transistors and Diodes – 2N3055, BFW10, BC547, BT012, IN4007, CED, SL100
10) ICs – IC741, IC7414, IC555, IC7805, IC7474, IC7107
11) Resistors – 5.6K, 56K, 9K, 22K, 100K, 27Ώ
12) Capacitors – 0.1μf, 100μf, 50μf, 10nf,47nf
13) 8Ώ Speaker
14) TSOP
EC2405 OPTICAL & MICROWAVE LAB L T P C
0 0 3 2
Microwave Experiments:
1. Reflex Klystron – Mode characteristics
2. Gunn Diode – Characteristics
3. VSWR, Frequency and Wave Length Measurement
4. Directional Coupler – Directivity and Coupling Coefficient – S – parameter
measurement
5. Isolator and Circulator – S - parameter measurement
6. Attenuation and Power measurement
7. S - matrix Characterization of E-Plane T, H-Plane T and Magic T.
8. Radiation Pattern of Antennas.
9. Antenna Gain Measurement
Optical Experiments:
1. DC characteristics of LED and PIN Photo Diode.
2. Mode Characteristics of Fibers
3. Measurement of Connector and Bending Losses.
4. Fiber Optic Analog and Digital Link
5. Numerical Aperture Determination for Fibers
6. Attenuation Measurement in Fibers
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
33
Microwave Experiments:
LIST OF EQUIPMENTS:
1) Klystron Power Supply – 6
2) Reflex Klystron Oscillator – 6 (X band)
3) Gunn Power Supply – 3
4) Gunn Oscillator – 3 (X band)
5) Isolator – 9
6) Variable attenuator – 9 (0.6 dB)
7) PIN modulator – 3
8) Slotted waveguide Section with Probe and Carriage – 2
9) Frequency meter (direct reading type) – 4
10) Directional coupler 3dB, 10dB – 1 each
11) Circulator – 1
12) E Plane T, H Plane T, Magic T – 2 each
13) Horn antenna – 2 (X band) compatible
14) Turn table for antenna measurement – 1
15) Waveguide stands – 30
16) Detectors – 10
17) Network analyzer (Scalar or Vector) – 1
18) Power meter
19) BNC to BNC and BNC to TNC Cables – Required numbers
20) Bolts, nuts and Screws and Screw driver – Required numbers
Optical Experiments:
LIST OF EQUIPMENTS:
1) 850 nm LED Module – 3 Nos
2) 850 nm PIN Photo Diode Module – 2 Nos
3) Glass / Plastic Fiber Patch Cords – 1 meter length
4) Optical Power meter – 2 Nos
5) Stabilized Current Source (0-100 mA) – 3 Nos
6) Variable Supply (0-30v) – 2 Nos
7) Digital Multimeter – 2 Nos
8) Fiber Spools of Varied length with Connectors
9) Numerical Aperture measurement kit – 1No
10) Fiber Optic Analog Tranceiver kit/Module – 1 No
11) Fiber Optic Digital Tranceiver kit/Module – 1 No
12) CRO (0-100MHZ) – 2 Nos
13) Signal Generator – 1 No
14) Pulse Generator – 1 No
34
EC2021 MEDICAL ELECTRONICS L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I ELECTRO-PHYSIOLOGY AND BIO-POTENTIAL RECORDING 9
The origin of Bio-potentials; biopotential electrodes, biological amplifiers, ECG, EEG,
EMG, PCG, EOG, lead systems and recording methods, typical waveforms and signal
characteristics.
UNIT II BIO-CHEMICAL AND NON ELECTRICAL PARAMETER
MEASUREMENT 9
PH, PO2, PCO2, PHCO3, Electrophoresis, colorimeter, photometer, Auto analyzer,
Blood flow meter, cardiac output, respiratory measurement, Blood pressure,
temperature, pulse, Blood cell counters.
UNIT III ASSIST DEVICES AND BIO-TELEMETRY 9
Cardiac pacemakers, DC Defibrillator, Telemetry principles, frequency selection, Biotelemetry,
radio-pill and tele-stimulation.
UNIT IV RADIOLOGICAL EQUIPMENTS 9
Ionosing radiation, Diagnostic x-ray equipments, use of Radio Isotope in diagnosis,
Radiation Therapy.
UNIT V RECENT TRENDS IN MEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION 9
Thermograph, endoscopy unit, Laser in medicine, Diathermy units, Electrical safety in
medical equipment.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXTBOOKS
1. Leislie Cromwell, “Biomedical instrumentation and measurement”, Prentice Hall of
India, New Delhi, 2007.
REFERENCES
1. Khandpur, R.S., “Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation”, TATA McGraw-Hill, New
Delhi, 2003.
2. Joseph J.Carr and John M.Brown, “Introduction to Biomedical equipment
Technology”, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 2004.
EC2022 OPERATING SYSTEMS L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I OPERATING SYSTEM OVERVIEW 9
Introduction – Multiprogramming – Time sharing – Multi-user Operating systems –
System Call – Structure of Operating Systems
UNIT II PROCESS MANAGEMENT 9
Concept of Processes – Interprocess Communication – Racing – Synchronisation –
Mutual Exclusion – Scheduling – Implementation Issues – IPC in Multiprocessor System
– Threads
35
UNIT III MEMORY MANAGEMENT 9
Partition – paging – segmentation – virtual memory concepts – relocation algorithms –
buddy systems – Free space management – Case study.
UNIT IV DEVICE MANAGEMENT AND FILE SYSTEMS 9
File concept – access methods – directory structure – File system mounting – file
sharing – protection – file system implementation – I/O Hardware – Application I/O
Interface – Kernal I/O subsystem – Transforming I/O to Hardware Operations – Streams
– Disk Structure – Disk Scheduling Management – RAID structure
UNIT V MODERN OPERATING SYSTEMS 9
Concepts of distributed operating systems – Real time operating system – Case studies:
UNIX, LINUX and Windows 2000.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS
1. Abraham Silberschatz, Peter Galvin and Gagne, ‘Operating System Concepts’,
Seventh Edition, John Wiley, 2007.
2. William Stallings, ‘Operating Systems – Internals and Design Principles’, Fifth
Edition, Prentice Hall India, 2005.
REFERENCES
1. Andrew Tanenbaum, ‘Modern Operating Systems’, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall, 2003.
2. Deital.H.M, “Operating Systems - A Modern Perspective”, Second Edition, Addison
Wesley, 2004.
3. Mukesh Singhal, Niranjan G.Shivaratri, “Advanced Concepts in Operating Systems”,
Tata McGraw Hill, 2001.
4. D.M.Dhamdhere, “Operating Systems – A Concept based Approach”, Second
Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 2006.
5. Crowley.C, “Operating Systems: A Design – Oriented Approach”, Tata McGraw Hill,
1999.
6. Ellen Siever, Aaron Weber, Stephen Figgins, ‘LINUX in a Nutshell’, Fourth Edition,
O’reilly, 2004.
EC2023 SOLID STATE ELECTRONIC DEVICES L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I CRYSTAL PROPERTIES AND GROWTH OF SEMICONDUCTORS 9
Semiconductor materials - Periodic Structures - Crystal Lattices - Cubic lattices - Planes
and Directions - Diamond lattice - Bulk Crystal Growth - Starting Materials - Growth of
Single Crystal lngots - Wafers - Doping - Epitaxial Growth - Lattice Matching in Epitaxial
Growth - Vapor - Phase Epitaxy - Atoms and Electrons - Introduction to Physical Models
- Experimental Observations - Photoelectric Effect - Atomic spectra - Bohr model -
Quantum Mechanics - Probability and Uncertainty Principle - Schrodinger Wave
Equation - Potential Well Equation - Potential well Problem - Tunneling.
UNIT II ENERGY BANDS AND CHARGE CARRIERS IN
SEMICONDUCTORS AND JUNCTIONS 9
Energy bands in Solids, Energy Bands in Metals, Semiconductors, and Insulators -
Direct and Indirect Semiconductors - Variation of Energy Bands with Alloy Composition -
36
Charge Carriers in Semiconductors - Electrons and Holes - Electrons and Holes in
Quantum Wells - Carrier Concentrations - Fermi Level - Electron and Hole
Concentrations at Equilibrium - Temperature Dependence of Carrier Concentrations -
Compensation and Space Charge Neutrality - Drift of Carrier in Electric and Magnetic
Fields conductivity and Mobility - Drift and Resistance - Effects of Temperature and
Doping on Mobility - High field effects - Hall Effect - invariance of Fermi level at
equilibrium - Fabrication of p-n junctions, Metal semiconductor junctions.
UNIT III METAL OXIDE SEMICONDUCTOR FET 9
GaAS MESFET - High Electron Mobility Transistor - Short channel Effects - Metal
Insulator Semiconductor FET - Basic Operation and Fabrication - Effects of Real
Surfaces - Threshold Voltage - MOS capacitance Measurements - current - Voltage
Characteristics of MOS Gate Oxides - MOS Field Effect Transistor - Output
characteristics - Transfer characteristics - Short channel MOSFET V-I characteristics -
Control of Threshold Voltage - Substrate Bias Effects - Sub threshold characteristics -
Equivalent Circuit for MOSFET - MOSFET Scaling and Hot Electron Effects - Drain -
Induced Barrier Lowering - short channel and Narrow Width Effect - Gate Induced Drain
Leakage.
UNIT IV OPTOELCTRONIC DEVICES 9
Photodiodes - Current and Voltage in illuminated Junction - Solar Cells - Photo detectors
- Noise and Bandwidth of Photo detectors - Light Emitting Diodes - Light Emitting
Materials - Fiber Optic Communications Multilayer Heterojunctions for LEDs - Lasers -
Semiconductor lasers - Population Inversion at a Junction Emission Spectra for p-n
junction - Basic Semiconductor lasers - Materials for Semiconductor lasers.
UNIT V HIGH FREQUENSY AND HIGH POWER DEVICES 9
Tunnel Diodes, IMPATT Diode, operation of TRAPATT and BARITT Diodes, Gunn
Diode - transferred - electron mechanism, formation and drift of space charge domains,
p-n-p-n Diode, Semiconductor Controlled Rectifier, Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOK
1. Ben. G. Streetman & Sanjan Banerjee, Solid State Electronic Devices, 5th Edition,
PHI, 2003.
REFERENCES
1. Donald A. Neaman, Semiconductor Physics and Devices, 3rd Edition, TMH, 2002.
2. Yannis Tsividis, Operation & Mode line of MOS Transistor, 2nd Edition, Oxford
University Press, 1999.
3. Nandita Das Gupta & Aamitava Das Gupta, Semiconductor Devices Modeling a
Technology, PHI, 2004.
4. D.K. Bhattacharya & Rajinish Sharma, Solid State Electronic Devices, Oxford
University Press, 2007.
37
EC2024 SPEECH PROCESSING L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I MECHANICS OF SPEECH 9
Speech production: Mechanism of speech production, Acoustic phonetics - Digital
models for speech signals - Representations of speech waveform: Sampling speech
signals, basics of quantization, delta modulation, and Differential PCM - Auditory
perception: psycho acoustics.
UNIT II TIME DOMAIN METHODS FOR SPEECH PROCESSING 9
Time domain parameters of Speech signal – Methods for extracting the parameters
Energy, Average Magnitude, Zero crossing Rate – Silence Discrimination using ZCR
and energy – Short Time Auto Correlation Function – Pitch period estimation using Auto
Correlation Function.
UNIT III FREQUENCY DOMAIN METHOD FOR SPEECH PROCESSING 9
Short Time Fourier analysis: Fourier transform and linear filtering interpretations,
Sampling rates - Spectrographic displays - Pitch and formant extraction - Analysis by
Synthesis - Analysis synthesis systems: Phase vocoder, Channel Vocoder -
Homomorphic speech analysis: Cepstral analysis of Speech, Formant and Pitch
Estimation, Homomorphic Vocoders.
UNIT IV LINEAR PREDICTIVE ANALYSIS OF SPEECH 9
Basic Principles of linear predictive analysis – Auto correlation method – Covariance
method – Solution of LPC equations – Cholesky method – Durbin’s Recursive algorithm,
– Application of LPC parameters – Pitch detection using LPC parameters – Formant
analysis – VELP – CELP.
UNIT V APPLICATION OF SPEECH & AUDIO SIGNAL PROCESSING 9
Algorithms: Dynamic time warping, K-means clusering and Vector quantization,
Gaussian mixture modeling, hidden Markov modeling - Automatic Speech Recognition:
Feature Extraction for ASR, Deterministic sequence recognition, Statistical Sequence
recognition, Language models - Speaker identification and verification – Voice response
system – Speech synthesis: basics of articulatory, source-filter, and concatenative
synthesis – VOIP
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOK:
1. Thomas F, Quatieri, Discrete-Time Speech Signal Processing, Prentice Hall /
Pearson Education, 2004.
REFERENCES:
1. Ben Gold and Nelson Morgan, Speech and Audio Signal Processing, John Wiley and
Sons Inc., Singapore, 2004
2. L.R.Rabiner and R.W.Schaffer – Digital Processing of Speech signals – Prentice Hall
-1979
3. L.R. Rabiner and B. H. Juang, Fundamentals of Speech Recognition, Prentice Hall,
1993.
4. J.R. Deller, J.H.L. Hansen and J.G. Proakis, Discrete Time Processing of Speech
Signals, John Wiley, IEEE Press, 1999.
38
MA2264 NUMERICAL METHODS L T P C
3 1 0 4
UNIT I SOLUTION OF EQUATIONS AND EIGENVALUE PROBLEMS 9
Solution of equation –Fixed point iteration: x=g(x) method - Newton’s method – Solution
of linear system by Gaussian elimination and Gauss-Jordon method– Iterative method -
Gauss-Seidel method - Inverse of a matrix by Gauss Jordon method – Eigen value of a
matrix by power method and by Jacobi method for symmetric matrix.
UNIT II INTERPOLATION AND APPROXIMATION 9
Lagrangian Polynomials – Divided differences – Interpolating with a cubic spline –
Newton’s forward and backward difference formulas.
UNIT III NUMERICAL DIFFERENTIATION AND INTEGRATION 9
Differentiation using interpolation formulae –Numerical integration by trapezoidal and
Simpson’s 1/3 and 3/8 rules – Romberg’s method – Two and Three point Gaussian
quadrature formulae – Double integrals using trapezoidal and Simpsons’s rules.
UNIT IV INITIAL VALUE PROBLEMS FOR ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL
EQUATIONS 9
Single step methods: Taylor series method – Euler method for first order equation –
Fourth order Runge – Kutta method for solving first and second order equations –
Multistep methods: Milne’s and Adam’s predictor and corrector methods.
UNIT V BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS IN ORDINARY AND PARTIAL
DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 9
Finite difference solution of second order ordinary differential equation – Finite difference
solution of one dimensional heat equation by explicit and implicit methods – One
dimensional wave equation and two dimensional Laplace and Poisson equations.
L : 45 , T : 15 ,TOTAL = 60 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS
1. Veerarjan, T and Ramachandran, T. ‘Numerical methods with programming in ‘C’
Second Editiion, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing.Co.Ltd. (2007).
2. Sankara Rao K, ‘Numerical Methods for Scientisits and Engineers’ – 3rd editiion
Printice Hall of India Private Ltd, New Delhi, (2007).
REFERENCES
1. Chapra, S. C and Canale, R. P. “Numerical Methods for Engineers”, 5th Edition, Tata
McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 2007.
2. Gerald, C. F. and Wheatley, P.O., “Applied Numerical Analysis”, 6th Edition, Pearson
Education Asia, New Delhi, 2006.
3. Grewal, B.S. and Grewal,J.S., “ Numerical methods in Engineering and Science”, 6th
Edition, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi, 2004
39
CS2021 MULTICORE PROGRAMMING L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO MULTIPROCESSORS AND SCALABILITY
ISSUES 9
Scalable design principles – Principles of processor design – Instruction Level
Parallelism, Thread level parallelism. Parallel computer models –- Symmetric and
distributed shared memory architectures – Performance Issues – Multi-core
Architectures - Software and hardware multithreading – SMT and CMP architectures –
Design issues – Case studies – Intel Multi-core architecture – SUN CMP architecture.
UNIT II PARALLEL PROGRAMMING 9
Fundamental concepts – Designing for threads – scheduling - Threading and parallel
programming constructs – Synchronization – Critical sections – Deadlock. Threading
APIs.
UNIT III OPENMP PROGRAMMING 9
OpenMP – Threading a loop – Thread overheads – Performance issues – Library
functions. Solutions to parallel programming problems – Data races, deadlocks and
livelocks – Non-blocking algorithms – Memory and cache related issues.
UNIT IV MPI PROGRAMMING 9
MPI Model – collective communication – data decomposition – communicators and
topologies – point-to-point communication – MPI Library.
UNIT V MULTITHREADED APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT 9
Algorithms, program development and performance tuning.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOK
1. Shameem Akhter and Jason Roberts, “Multi-core Programming”, Intel Press, 2006.
2. Michael J Quinn, Parallel programming in C with MPI and OpenMP, Tata Mcgraw Hill,
2003.
REFERENCES
1. John L. Hennessey and David A. Patterson, “ Computer architecture – A quantitative
approach”, Morgan Kaufmann/Elsevier Publishers, 4th. edition, 2007.
2. David E. Culler, Jaswinder Pal Singh, “Parallel computing architecture : A hardware/
software approach” , Morgan Kaufmann/Elsevier Publishers, 1999.
EC2027 ADVANCED MICROPROCESSORS L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I 80186, 80286, 80386 AND 80486 MICROPROCESSORS 9
80186 Architecture, Enhancements of 80186 – 80286 Architecture – Real and Virtual
Addressing Modes – 80386 Architecture – Special Registers – Memory Management –
Memory Paging Mechanism – 80486 Architecture – Enhancements – Cache Memory
Techniques – Exception Handling – Comparison of Microprocessors (8086 – 80186 –
80286 – 80386 – 80486).
40
UNIT II PENTIUM MICROPROCESSORS 9
Pentium Microprocessor Architecture – Special Pentium Registers – Pentium Memory
Management – New Pentium Instructions – Pentium Pro Microprocessor Architecture –
Special features – Pentium II Microprocessor Architecture – Pentium III Microprocessor
Architecture – Pentium III Architecture – Pentium IV Architecture – Comparison of
Pentium Processors.
UNIT III RISC PROCESSORS I 9
PowerPC620 – Instruction fetching – Branch Prediction – Fetching – Speculation,
Instruction dispatching – dispatch stalls – Instruction Execution – Issue stalls- Execution
Parallelism – Instruction completion – Basics of P6 micro architecture – Pipelining – ourof-
order core pipeline – Memory subsystem.
UNIT IV RISC PROCESSORS II(Superscalar Processors) 9
Intel i960 – Intel IA32- MIPS R8000 – MIPS R10000 – Motorola 88110 – Ultra SPARC
processor- SPARC version 8 – SPARC version 9.
UNIT V PC HARDWARE OVERVIEW 9
Functional Units & Interconnection, New Generation Mother Boards 286 to Pentium 4
Bus Interface- ISA- EISA- VESA- PCI- PCIX. Peripheral Interfaces and Controller,
Memory and I/O Port Addresses.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXTBOOKS:
1. B.B.Brey The Intel Microprocessor 8086/8088 /80186/80188, 80286, 80386,
80486 PENTIUM, PENTIUM Pro, PII, PIII & IV Archietecture, Programming &
Interfacing, Pearson Education , 2004.
1. John Paul Shen, Mikko H.Lipasti, “Modern Processor Design”, Tata Mcgraw Hill,
2006.
REFERENCES
1. Douglas V.Hall, “Microprocessors and Interfacing”, Tata McGraw Hill, II
Edition 2006
2. Mohamed Rafiquzzaman, “Microprocessors and Microcomputer Based
System Design”, II Edition, CRC Press, 2007.
EC2028 INTERNET AND JAVA L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I INTERNETWORKING WITH TCP / IP 9
Review of network technologies, Internet addressing, Address resolution protocols (ARP
/ RARP), Routing IP datagrams, Reliable stream transport service (TCP) TCP / IP over
ATM networks, Internet applications - E-mail, Telnet, FTP, NFS, Internet traffic
management.
41
UNIT II INTERNET ROUTING 9
Concepts of graph theory, Routing protocols, Distance vector protocols (RIP), Link state
protocol (OSPP), Path vector protocols (BGP and IDRP), Routing for high speed
multimedia traffic, Multicasting, Resource reservation (RSVP), IP switching.
UNIT III WORLD WIDE WEB 9
HTTP protocol, Web browsers netscape, Internet explorer, Web site and Web page
design, HTML, Dynamic HTML, CGI, Java script.
UNIT IV INTRODUCTION TO JAVA 9
The java programming environment, Fundamental Programming structures, Objects and
Classes, Inheritance, Event handling, Exceptions and Debugging, Multithreading , RMI.
UNIT V JAVA PROGRAMMING 9
Networking with Java, Swing: Applets and Applications, Menu’s & Tool Bars, Java and
XML – Creating packages, Interfaces, JAR files & Annotations, Javabeans, JDBC.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXTBOOKS
1. Douglas E.Comer, "Internetworking with TCP/IP", Vol. I: 5th edition, Pearson
Education, 2007 (Unit – I &II)
2. Robert W.Sebesta, “Programming the worldwide web”, 3/e, Pearson Education.
(Unit-III), 2007.
3. Steven Holzner et. al, “Java 2 Programming” , Black Book, Dreamtech Press, 2006.
(Unit –IV & V)
REFERENCES
1. Cay S.Hortsmann, Gary Cornwell, “Core Java 2”, Vol I, Pearson Education, 7/e, 2005.
2. W. Richard Stevens, “ TCP/IP Illustrated, The Protocol” , Vol I , Pearson Education,
1st Edition, 2006.
3. Behrouz A. Farouzon , “TCP/IP Protocol Suite, 3rd edition , Tata McGraw Hill, 2007
4. Chris Bates, “ Web Programming Building Internet Applications”, Wiley Publications.
5. Kogent Solutions Inc., “ Java Server Programming”, Black Book, Dreamtech Press,
2007 Platinum edition.
EC2029 DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I DIGITAL IMAGE FUNDAMENTALS 9
Elements of digital image processing systems, Vidicon and Digital Camera working
principles, Elements of visual perception, brightness, contrast, hue, saturation, mach
band effect, Color image fundamentals - RGB, HSI models, Image sampling,
Quantization, dither, Two-dimensional mathematical preliminaries, 2D transforms -
DFT, DCT, KLT, SVD.
UNIT II IMAGE ENHANCEMENT 9
Histogram equalization and specification techniques, Noise distributions, Spatial
averaging, Directional Smoothing, Median, Geometric mean, Harmonic mean,
Contraharmonic mean filters, Homomorphic filtering, Color image enhancement.
42
UNIT III IMAGE RESTORATION 9
Image Restoration - degradation model, Unconstrained restoration - Lagrange multiplier
and Constrained restoration, Inverse filtering-removal of blur caused by uniform linear
motion, Wiener filtering, Geometric transformations-spatial transformations.
UNIT IV IMAGE SEGMENTATION 9
Edge detection, Edge linking via Hough transform – Thresholding - Region based
segmentation – Region growing – Region splitting and Merging – Segmentation by
morphological watersheds – basic concepts – Dam construction – Watershed
segmentation algorithm.
UNIT V IMAGE COMPRESSION 9
Need for data compression, Huffman, Run Length Encoding, Shift codes, Arithmetic
coding, Vector Quantization, Transform coding, JPEG standard, MPEG.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXTBOOKS:
1. Rafael C. Gonzalez, Richard E. Woods, , Digital Image Processing', Pearson ,
Second Edition, 2004.
2. Anil K. Jain, , Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing', Pearson 2002.
43
REFERENCES:
1. Kenneth R. Castleman, Digital Image Processing, Pearson, 2006.
2. Rafael C. Gonzalez, Richard E. Woods, Steven Eddins,' Digital Image Processing
using MATLAB', Pearson Education, Inc., 2004.
3. D,E. Dudgeon and RM. Mersereau, , Multidimensional Digital Signal Processing',
Prentice Hall Professional Technical Reference, 1990.
4. William K. Pratt, , Digital Image Processing' , John Wiley, New York, 2002
5. Milan Sonka et aI, 'IMAGE PROCESSING, ANALYSIS AND MACHINE
VISION', Brookes/Cole, Vikas Publishing House, 2nd edition, 1999,
EC2030 ADVANCED DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I DISCRETE RANDOM PROCESS 9
Discrete random process – Ensemble averages, Stationary and ergodic processes,
Autocorrelation and Autocovariance properties and matrices, White noise, Power
Spectral Density, Spectral Factorization, Innovations Representation and Process,
Filtering random processes, ARMA, AR and MA processes.
UNIT II SPECTRAL ESTIMATION 9
Bias and Consistency, Periodogram, Modified periodogram, Blackman-Tukey method,
Welch method, Parametric methods of spectral estimation, Levinson-Durbin recursion.
UNIT III LINEAR ESTIMATION AND PREDICTION 9
Forward and Backward linear prediction, Filtering - FIR Wiener filter- Filtering and linear
prediction, non-causal and causal IIR Wiener filters, Discrete Kalman filter.
UNIT IV ADAPTIVE FILTERS 9
Principles of adaptive filter – FIR adaptive filter – Newton’s Steepest descent algorithm –
Derivation of first order adaptive filter – LMS adaptation algorithms – Adaptive noise
cancellation, Adaptive equalizer, Adaptive echo cancellors.
UNIT V ADVANCED TRANSFORM TECHNIQUES 9
2-D Discrete Fourier transform and properties– Applications to image smoothing and
sharpening – Continuous and Discrete wavelet transforms – Multiresolution Analysis –
Application to signal compression.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Monson H Hayes,” Statistical Digital Signal processing and Modeling”, Wiley Student
Edition, John Wiley and Sons, 2004.
2. R.C. Gonzalez and R.E. Woods, “ Digital Image Processing”, Pearson, Second
Edition, 2004.
REFERENCES:
1. John G Proakis and Manolakis, “ Digital Signal Processing Principles, Algorithms and
Applications”, Pearson, Fourth Edition, 2007.
2. Sophocles J. Orfanidis, Optimum Signal Processing, An Introduction, McGraw Hill,
1990.
44
EC2031 ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE AND COMPATIBILITY L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I BASIC CONCEPTS 9
Definition of EMI and EMC with examples, Classification of EMI/EMC - CE, RE, CS, RS,
Units of Parameters, Sources of EMI, EMI coupling modes - CM and DM, ESD
Phenomena and effects, Transient phenomena and suppression.
UNIT II EMI MEASUREMENTS 9
Basic principles of RE, CE, RS and CS measurements, EMI measuring instruments-
Antennas, LISN, Feed through capacitor, current probe, EMC analyzer and detection
t6echnique open area site, shielded anechoic chamber, TEM cell.
UNIT III EMC STANDARD AND REGULATIONS 8
National and Intentional standardizing organizations- FCC, CISPR, ANSI, DOD, IEC,
CENEEC, FCC CE and RE standards, CISPR, CE and RE Standards, IEC/EN, CS
standards, Frequency assignment - spectrum conversation.
UNIT IV EMI CONTROL METHODS AND FIXES 10
Shielding, Grounding, Bonding, Filtering, EMI gasket, Isolation transformer, opto isolator.
UNIT V EMC DESIGN AND INTERCONNECTION TECHNIQUES 9
Cable routing and connection, Component selection and mounting, PCB design- Trace
routing, Impedance control, decoupling, Zoning and grounding
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS
1. Prasad Kodali.V – Engineering Electromagnetic Compatibility – S.Chand&Co – New
Delhi – 2000
2. Clayton R.Paul – Introduction to Electromagnetic compatibility – John Wiley & Sons
– 1992
REFERENCES
1. Keiser – Principles of Electromagnetic Compatibility – Artech House – 3rd Edition –
1994
2. Donwhite Consultant Incorporate – Handbook of EMI / EMC – Vol I - 1985
CS2060 HIGH SPEED NETWORKS LT P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I HIGH SPEED NETWORKS 9
Frame Relay Networks – Asynchronous transfer mode – ATM Protocol Architecture,
ATM logical Connection, ATM Cell – ATM Service Categories – AAL, High Speed LANs:
Fast Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet, Fiber Channel – Wireless LANs: applications,
requirements – Architecture of 802.11
45
UNIT II CONGESTION AND TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT 8
Queuing Analysis- Queuing Models – Single Server Queues – Effects of Congestion –
Congestion Control – Traffic Management – Congestion Control in Packet Switching
Networks – Frame Relay Congestion Control.
UNIT III TCP AND ATM CONGESTION CONTROL 11
TCP Flow control – TCP Congestion Control – Retransmission – Timer Management –
Exponential RTO backoff – KARN’s Algorithm – Window management – Performance of
TCP over ATM. Traffic and Congestion control in ATM – Requirements – Attributes –
Traffic Management Frame work, Traffic Control – ABR traffic Management – ABR rate
control, RM cell formats, ABR Capacity allocations – GFR traffic management.
UNIT IV INTEGRATED AND DIFFERENTIATED SERVICES 8
Integrated Services Architecture – Approach, Components, Services- Queuing
Discipline, FQ, PS, BRFQ, GPS, WFQ – Random Early Detection, Differentiated
Services
UNIT V PROTOCOLS FOR QOS SUPPORT 9
RSVP – Goals & Characteristics, Data Flow, RSVP operations, Protocol Mechanisms –
Multiprotocol Label Switching – Operations, Label Stacking, Protocol details – RTP –
Protocol Architecture, Data Transfer Protocol, RTCP.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOK
1. William Stallings, “HIGH SPEED NETWORKS AND INTERNET”, Pearson
Education, Second Edition, 2002.
REFERENCES
1. Warland, Pravin Varaiya, “High performance communication networks”, Second
Edition , Jean Harcourt Asia Pvt. Ltd., , 2001.
2. Irvan Pepelnjk, Jim Guichard, Jeff Apcar, “MPLS and VPN architecture”,
Cisco Press, Volume 1 and 2, 2003.
3. Abhijit S. Pandya, Ercan Sea, “ATM Technology for Broad Band
Telecommunication Networks”, CRC Press, New York, 2004.
EC2033 POWER ELECTRONICS L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I POWER ELECTRONICS DEVICES 9
Characteristics of power devices – characteristics of SCR, diac, triac, SCS, GTO, PUJT
– power transistors – power FETs – LASCR – two transistor model of SCR – Protection
of thyristors against over voltage – over current, dv/dt and di/dt.
UNIT II TRIGGERING TECHNIQUES 9
Turn on circuits for SCR – triggering with single pulse and train of pulses – synchronizing
with supply – triggering with microprocessor – forced commutation – different techniques
– series and parallel operations of SCRs.
46
UNIT III CONTROLLED RECTIFIERS 9
Converters – single phase – three phase – half controlled and fully controlled rectifiers –
Waveforms of load voltage and line current under constant load current – effect of
transformer leakage inductance – dual converter.
UNIT IV INVERTERS 9
Voltage and current source inverters, resonant, Series inverter, PWM inverter. AC and
DC choppers – DC to DC converters – Buck, boost and buck – boost.
UNIT V INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS 9
DC motor drives – Induction and synchronous motor drives – switched reluctance and
brushless motor drives – Battery charger – SMPS – UPS – induction and dielectric
heating.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS
1. Muhamed H.Rashid : Power Electronics Circuits, Devices and Applications, 3rd
Edition. 2004 PHI.
2. M.D. Singh and K.B. Kanchandani, Power Electronics, 2nd Edition, TMH, 2007.
REFERENCES
1. Sen: Power Electronics, TMH, 1987.
2. Dubey: Thyristorised Power Controllers, Wiley Eastern 1986.
3. Vithayathil: Power Electronics – Principles and Applications, McGraw-Hill, 1995.
4. Lander: Power Electronics, 3rd Edition, McGraw-Hill, 1994.
5. Jacob, Power Electronics, Thomson Learning, 2002.
6. V.R. Moorthy, Power Electronics, Oxford University Press, 2005.
EC2034 TELEVISION AND VIDEO ENGINEERING L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I FUNDAMENTALS OF TELEVISION 9
Aspect ratio-Image continuity-Number of scanning lines-Interlaced scanning-Picture
resolution-Camera tubes-Image Orthicon-Vidicon- Plumbicon- Silicon Diode Array
Vidicon- Solid-state Image scanners- Monochrome picture tubes- Composite video
signal- video signal dimension-horizontal sync. Composition-vertical sync. Detailsfunctions
of vertical pulse train- Scanning sequence details. Picture signal transmissionpositive
and negative modulation- VSB transmission- Sound signal transmission-
Standard channel bandwidth.
UNIT II MONOCHROME TELEVISION TRANSMITTER AND RECEIVER 9
TV transmitter-TV signal Propagation- Interference- TV Transmission Antennas-
Monochrome TV receiver- RF tuner- UHF, VHF tuner-Digital tuning techniques-AFT-IF
subsystems-AGC Noise cancellation-Video and Sound inter-carrier detection-Vision IF
subsystem- DC re-insertion-Video amplifier circuits-Sync operation- typical sync
processing circuits-Deflection current waveforms, Deflection oscillators- Frame
deflection circuits- requirements- Line deflection circuits-EHT generation-Receiver
antennas.
UNIT III ESSENTIALS OF COLOUR TELEVISION 9
Compatibility- Colour perception-Three colour theory- Luminance, Hue and saturation-
Colour television cameras-Values of luminance and colour difference signals-Colour
47
television display tubes-Delta-gun Precision-in-line and Trinitron colour picture tubes-
Purity and convergence- Purity and static and Dynamic convergence adjustments-
Pincushion-correction techniques-Automatic degaussing circuit- Gray scale trackingcolour
signal transmission- Bandwidth-Modulation of colour difference signals-Weighting
factors-Formation of chrominance signal.
UNIT IV COLOUR TELEVISION SYSTEMS 9
NTSC colour TV systems-SECAM system- PAL colour TV systems- Cancellation of
phase errors-PAL-D Colour system-PAL coder-PAL-Decoder receiver-Chromo signal
amplifier-separation of U and V signals-colour burst separation-Burst phase
Discriminator-ACC amplifier-Reference Oscillator-Ident and colour killer circuits-U and V
demodulators- Colour signal matrixing. Sound in TV
UNIT V ADVANCED TELEVISION SYSTEMS 9
Satellite TV technology-Geo Stationary Satellites-Satellite Electronics-Domestic
Broadcast System-Cable TV-Cable Signal Sources-Cable Signal Processing,
Distribution & Scrambling- Video Recording-VCR Electronics-Video Home Formats-
Video Disc recording and playback-DVD Players-Tele Text Signal coding and broadcast
receiver- Digital television-Transmission and reception –Projection television-Flat panel
display TV receivers-LCD and Plasma screen receivers-3DTV-EDTV.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXTBOOKS
1. R.R.Gulati, “Monochrome Television Practice, Principles, Technology and servicing.”
Third Edition 2006, New Age International (P) Publishers.
2. R.R.Gulati, Monochrome & Color Television, New Age International Publisher, 2003.
REFERENCES
1. A.M Dhake, “Television and Video Engineering”, 2nd ed., TMH, 2003.
2. R.P.Bali, Color Television, Theory and Practice, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1994
EC2038 NANO ELECTRONICS L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO NANOTECHNOLOGY 9
Background to nanotechnology: Types of nanotechnology and nanomachines – periodic
table – atomic structure – molecules and phases – energy – molecular and atomic size –
surface and dimensional space – top down and bottom up; Molecular Nanotechnology:
Electron microscope – scanning electron microscope – atomic force microscope –
scanning tunnelling microscope – nanomanipulator – nanotweezers – atom manipulation
– nanodots – self assembly – dip pen nanolithography. Nanomaterials: preparation –
plasma arcing – chemical vapor deposition – sol-gels – electrodeposition – ball milling –
applications of nanomaterials;
UNIT II FUNDAMENTALS OF NANOELECTRONICS 9
Fundamentals of logic devices:- Requirements – dynamic properties – threshold gates;
physical limits to computations; concepts of logic devices:- classifications – two terminal
devices – field effect devices – coulomb blockade devices – spintronics – quantum
cellular automata – quantum computing – DNA computer; performance of information
processing systems;- basic binary operations, measure of performance processing
48
capability of biological neurons – performance estimation for the human brain. Ultimate
computation:- power dissipation limit – dissipation in reversible computation – the
ultimate computer.
UNIT III SILICON MOSFETs & QUANTUM TRANSPORT DEVICES 9
Silicon MOSFETS - Novel materials and alternate concepts:- fundamentals of MOSFET
Devices- scaling rules – silicon-dioxide based gate dielectrics – metal gates – junctions
& contacts – advanced MOSFET concepts.
Quantum transport devices based on resonant tunneling:- Electron tunneling – resonant
tunneling diodes – resonant tunneling devices; Single electron devices for logic
applications:- Single electron devices – applications of single electron devices to logic
circuits.
UNIT IV CARBON NANOTUBES 9
Carbon Nanotube: Fullerenes - types of nanotubes – formation of nanotubes –
assemblies – purification of carbon nanotubes – electronic propertics – synthesis of
carbon nanotubes – carbon nanotube interconnects – carbon nanotube FETs –
Nanotube for memory applications – prospects of an all carbon nanotube
nanoelectronics.
UNIT V MOLECULAR ELECTRONICS 9
Electrodes & contacts – functions – molecular electronic devices – first test systems –
simulation and circuit design – fabrication; Future applications: MEMS – robots – random
access memory – mass storage devices.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXTBOOKS
1. Michael Wilson, Kamali Kannangara, Geoff Smith, Michelle Simmons and Burkhard
Raguse, Nanotechnology: Basic Science and Emerging Technologies, Chapman &
Hall / CRC, 2002
2. T. Pradeep, NANO: The Essentials – Understanding Nanoscience and
Nanotechnology, TMH, 2007
3. Rainer Waser (Ed.), Nanoelectronics and Information Technology: Advanced
Electronic Materials and Novel Devices, Wiley-VCH, 2003
CS2053 SOFT COMPUTING L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I FUZZY SET THEORY 10
Introduction to Neuro – Fuzzy and Soft Computing – Fuzzy Sets – Basic Definition and
Terminology – Set-theoretic Operations – Member Function Formulation and
Parameterization – Fuzzy Rules and Fuzzy Reasoning – Extension Principle and Fuzzy
Relations – Fuzzy If-Then Rules – Fuzzy Reasoning – Fuzzy Inference Systems –
Mamdani Fuzzy Models – Sugeno Fuzzy Models – Tsukamoto Fuzzy Models – Input
Space Partitioning and Fuzzy Modeling.
UNIT II OPTIMIZATION 8
Derivative-based Optimization – Descent Methods – The Method of Steepest Descent –
Classical Newton’s Method – Step Size Determination – Derivative-free Optimization –
Genetic Algorithms – Simulated Annealing – Random Search – Downhill Simplex
Search.
49
UNIT III ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 10
Introduction, Knowledge Representation – Reasoning, Issues and Acquisition:
Prepositional and Predicate Calculus Rule Based knowledge Representation Symbolic
Reasoning Under Uncertainity Basic knowledge Representation Issues Knowledge
acquisition – Heuristic Search: Techniques for Heuristic search Heuristic Classification -
State Space Search: Strategies Implementation of Graph Search Search based on
Recursion Patent-directed Search Production System and Learning.
UNIT IV NEURO FUZZY MODELING 9
Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference Systems – Architecture – Hybrid Learning Algorithm –
Learning Methods that Cross-fertilize ANFIS and RBFN – Coactive Neuro Fuzzy
Modeling – Framework Neuron Functions for Adaptive Networks – Neuro Fuzzy
Spectrum.
UNIT V APPLICATIONS OF COMPUTATIONAL INTELLIGENCE 8
Printed Character Recognition – Inverse Kinematics Problems – Automobile Fuel
Efficiency Prediction – Soft Computing for Color Recipe Prediction.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. J.S.R.Jang, C.T.Sun and E.Mizutani, “Neuro-Fuzzy and Soft Computing”, PHI, 2004,
Pearson Education 2004.
2. N.P.Padhy, “Artificial Intelligence and Intelligent Systems”, Oxford University Press,
2006.
REFERENCES:
1. Elaine Rich & Kevin Knight, Artificial Intelligence, Second Edition, Tata Mcgraw Hill
Publishing Comp., 2006, New Delhi.
2. Timothy J.Ross, “Fuzzy Logic with Engineering Applications”, McGraw-Hill, 1997.
3. Davis E.Goldberg, “Genetic Algorithms: Search, Optimization and Machine Learning”,
Addison Wesley, N.Y., 1989.
4. S. Rajasekaran and G.A.V.Pai, “Neural Networks, Fuzzy Logic and Genetic
Algorithms”, PHI, 2003.
5. R.Eberhart, P.Simpson and R.Dobbins, “Computational Intelligence - PC Tools”, AP
Professional, Boston, 1996.
6. Amit Konar, “Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing Behaviour and Cognitive model
of the human brain”, CRC Press, 2008.
GE2022 TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I INTRODUCTION 9
Introduction - Need for quality - Evolution of quality - Definition of quality - Dimensions of
manufacturing and service quality - Basic concepts of TQM - Definition of TQM – TQM
Framework - Contributions of Deming, Juran and Crosby – Barriers to TQM.
UNIT II TQM PRINCIPLES 9
Leadership – Strategic quality planning, Quality statements - Customer focus –
Customer orientation, Customer satisfaction, Customer complaints, Customer retention -
Employee involvement – Motivation, Empowerment, Team and Teamwork, Recognition
and Reward, Performance appraisal - Continuous process improvement – PDSA cycle,
5s, Kaizen - Supplier partnership – Partnering, Supplier selection, Supplier Rating.
50
UNIT III TQM TOOLS & TECHNIQUES I 9
The seven traditional tools of quality – New management tools – Six-sigma: Concepts,
methodology, applications to manufacturing, service sector including IT – Bench marking
– Reason to bench mark, Bench marking process – FMEA – Stages, Types.
UNIT IV TQM TOOLS & TECHNIQUES II 9
Quality circles – Quality Function Deployment (QFD) – Taguchi quality loss function –
TPM – Concepts, improvement needs – Cost of Quality – Performance measures.
UNIT V QUALITY SYSTEMS 9
Need for ISO 9000- ISO 9000-2000 Quality System – Elements, Documentation, Quality
auditing- QS 9000 – ISO 14000 – Concepts, Requirements and Benefits – Case studies
of TQM implementation in manufacturing and service sectors including IT.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOK
1. Dale H.Besterfiled, et at., “Total Quality Management”, Pearson Education Asia, 3rd
Edition, Indian Reprint (2006).
REFERENCES
1. James R. Evans and William M. Lindsay, “The Management and Control of Quality”,
6th Edition, South-Western (Thomson Learning), 2005.
2. Oakland, J.S., “TQM – Text with Cases”, Butterworth – Heinemann Ltd., Oxford, 3rd
Edition, 2003.
3. Suganthi,L and Anand Samuel, “Total Quality Management”, Prentice Hall (India)
Pvt. Ltd.,2006.
4. Janakiraman, B and Gopal, R.K, “Total Quality Management – Text and Cases”,
Prentice Hall (India) Pvt. Ltd., 2006.
EC2035 CRYPTOGRAPHY AND NETWORK SECURITY L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I INTRODUCTION 10
OSI Security Architecture - Classical Encryption techniques – Cipher Principles – Data
Encryption Standard – Block Cipher Design Principles and Modes of Operation -
Evaluation criteria for AES – AES Cipher – Triple DES – Placement of Encryption
Function – Traffic Confidentiality
UNIT II PUBLIC KEY CRYPTOGRAPHY 10
Key Management - Diffie-Hellman key Exchange – Elliptic Curve Architecture and
Cryptography - Introduction to Number Theory – Confidentiality using Symmetric
Encryption – Public Key Cryptography and RSA.
UNIT III AUTHENTICATION AND HASH FUNCTION 9
Authentication requirements – Authentication functions – Message Authentication Codes
– Hash Functions – Security of Hash Functions and MACs – MD5 message Digest
51
algorithm - Secure Hash Algorithm – RIPEMD – HMAC Digital Signatures –
Authentication Protocols – Digital Signature Standard
UNIT IV NETWORK SECURITY 8
Authentication Applications: Kerberos – X.509 Authentication Service – Electronic Mail
Security – PGP – S/MIME - IP Security – Web Security.
UNIT V SYSTEM LEVEL SECURITY 8
Intrusion detection – password management – Viruses and related Threats – Virus
Counter measures – Firewall Design Principles – Trusted Systems.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS
1. William Stallings, “Cryptography And Network Security – Principles and Practices”,
Pearson Education, Third Edition, 2003.
2. Behrouz A. Foruzan, “Cryptography and Network Security”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2007
REFERENCES
1. Bruce Schneier, “Applied Cryptography”, John Wiley & Sons Inc, 2001.
2. Charles B. Pfleeger, Shari Lawrence Pfleeger, “Security in Computing”, Third Edition,
Pearson Education, 2003
3. Wade Trappe and Lawrence C. Washington , “ Introduction to Cryptography with
coding theory” , Pearson Education, 2007.
4. Wenbo Mao, “ Modern Cryptography Theory and Practice” , Pearson Education ,
2007
5. Thomas Calabrese, “Information Security Intelligence : Cryptographic Principles and
Applications”, Thomson Delmar Learning,2006.
6. Atul Kahate, “Cryptography and Network Security”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2003.
EC2036 INFORMATION THEORY L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I QUANTITATIVE STUDY OF INFORMATION 8
Basic inequalities, Entropy, Kullback-Leibler distance, Mutual information, Bounds on
entropy, Fisher information , Cramer Rao inequality, Second law of thermodynamics ,
Sufficient statistic , Entropy rates of a Stochastic process
UNIT II CAPACITY OF NOISELESS CHANNEL 8
Fundamental theorem for a noiseless channel ,Data compression , Kraft inequality ,
Shannon-Fano codes , Huffman codes , Asymptotic equipartition , Rate distortion theory
.
UNIT III CHANNEL CAPACITY 9
Properties of channel capacity , Jointly typical sequences , Channel Coding Theorem,
converse to channel coding theorem, Joint source channel coding theorem ,
UNIT IV DIFFERENTIAL ENTROPY AND GAUSSIAN CHANNEL 9
AEP for continuous random variables, relationship between continuous and discrete
entropy, properties of differential entropy, Gaussian channel definitions, converse to
coding theorem for Gaussian channel, channels with colored noise, Gaussian channels
with feedback .
52
UNIT V NETWORK INFORMATION THEORY 11
Gaussian multiple user channels , Multiple access channel , Encoding of correlated
sources , Broadcast channel , Relay channel , Source coding and rate distortion with
side information , General multi-terminal networks.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXTBOOK
1. Elements of Information theory – Thomas Cover, Joy Thomas : Wiley 1999
REFERENCE
1. Information theory, inference & learning algorithms – David Mackay year?
EC2037 MULTIMEDIA COMPRESSION AND COMMUNICATION L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I MULTIMEDIA COMPONENTS 9
Introduction - Multimedia skills - Multimedia components and their chacracteristics -
Text, sound, images, graphics, animation, video, hardware.
UNIT II AUDIO AND VIDEO COMPRESSION 9
Audio compression–DPCM-Adaptive PCM –adaptive predictive coding-linear Predictive
coding-code excited LPC-perpetual coding Video compression –principles-H.261-H.263-
MPEG 1, 2, 4.
UNIT III TEXT AND IMAGE COMPRESSION 9
Compression principles-source encoders and destination encoders-lossless and lossy
compression-entropy encoding –source encoding -text compression –static Huffman
coding dynamic coding –arithmetic coding –Lempel ziv-welsh Compression-image
compression
UNIT IV VoIP TECHNOLOGY 9
Basics of IP transport, VoIP challenges, H.323/ SIP –Network Architecture, Protocols,
Call establishment and release, VoIP and SS7, Quality of Service- CODEC Methods-
VOIP applicability
UNIT V MULTIMEDIA NETWORKING 9
Multimedia networking -Applications-streamed stored and audio-making the best Effort
service-protocols for real time interactive Applications-distributing multimedia-beyond
best effort service-secluding and policing Mechanisms-integrated services-differentiated
Services-RSVP.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS
1. Fred Halsall “Multimedia communication - applications, networks, protocols and
standards”, Pearson education, 2007.
2. Tay Vaughan, “Multideai: making it work”, 7/e, TMH 2007
53
3. Kurose and W.Ross” Computer Networking “a Top down approach, Pearson
education
REFERENCES
1. Marcus gonzalves “Voice over IP Networks”, Mcgaraw hill
2. KR. Rao,Z S Bojkovic, D A Milovanovic, “Multimedia Communication Systems:
Techniques, Standards, and Networks”, Pearson Education 2007
3. R. Steimnetz, K. Nahrstedt, “Multimedia Computing, Communications and
Applications”, Pearson Education
4. Ranjan Parekh, “Principles of Multimedia”, TMH 2006
EC2039 PARALLEL AND DISTRIBUTED PROCESSING L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO PARALLEL PROCESSING AND PARALLEL
ARCHITECTURES 9
Need and definition of parallel processing, shared memory multiprocessing, Distributed
memory, using parallelism, tools and languages, Parallelism in sequential machines,
Multiprocessor architecture, Pipelining, Array processors.
UNIT II SHARED MEMORY PROGRAMMING AND THREAD BASED
IMPLEMENTATION 9
Shared Memory Programming and its general model, Process model under UNIX,
Thread management, Example with threads, Attributes of Threads, Mutual Exclusion
with threads and Thread implementation..
UNIT III DISTRIBUTED COMPUTING – MESSAGE PASSING AND RPC MODEL 9
Message-passing model, General model, programming model, PVM, Remote procedure
calls (RPC), Parameter passing, JAVA Remote Method Invocation, Distributed
computing environment(DCE), Developing Applications in DCE.
UNIT IV DEBUGGING PARALLEL PROGRAMS AND OTHER PARALLELISM
PARADIGMS 9
Debugging Techniques, Debugging Message passing parallel programs and shared
memory parallel programs, Dataflow computing, systolic architectures, functional and
logic paradigms, distributed shared memory.
UNIT V DISTRIBUTED DATABASES AND DISTRIBUTED OPERATING
SYSTEMS 9
Reasons for and objectives of distributed databases, issues and systems, distribution
options, concurrency control, DDBMS structure. Need for Distributed operating systems,
network operating systems, distributed OS, Goals of DOS and Design issues.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS
1. M.Sasikumar, D.Shikhare and P. Ravi Prakash, “Introduction to Parallel processing”.
PHI 2006.
2. V. Rajaraman, C. Siva Ram Murthy, “Parallel computers: Architecture and
programming”, PHI 2006.
54
REFERENCES
1. Harry F. Jordan, Gita Alaghband, “Fundamentals of parallel processing”, PHI 2006.
2. Quinn, M.J., “Designing Efficient Algorithms for Parallel Computers”, McGraw
-Hill, 1995.
3. Culler, D.E., “Parallel Computer Architecture”, A Hardware – Software approach,
Harcourt Asia Pte. Ltd., 1999
EC2041 AVIONICS L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I INTRODUCTION 9
Introduction to aircraft – Axes system – Parts, importance and role of Avionics – systems
which interface directly with pilot – Aircraft state sensor systems – Navigation systems –
External world sensor systems – task automation systems. Avionics architecture
evolution. Avionics Data buses - MIL STD 1553, ARINC 429, ARINC 629.
UNIT II RADIO NAVIGATION 9
Types of Radio Navigation – ADF, DME, VOR, LORAN, DECCA, OMEGA. ILS, MLS
UNIT III INERTIAL AND SATELLITE NAVIGATION SYSTEMS 9
Inertial sensors – Gyroscopes, Accelerometers, Inertial navigation systems – Block
diagram, Platform and strap down INS. Satellite Navigation - GPS
UNIT IV AIR DATA SYSTEMS AND AUTOPILOT 9
Air data quantities – Altitude, Airspeed, Mach no., Vertical speed, Total Air temperature,
Stall warning, Altitude warning. Autopilot – basic principles – longitudinal and lateral
autopilot.
UNIT V AIRCRAFT DISPLAYS 9
Display technologies – LED, LCD, CRT, Flat Panel Display. Primary Flight parameter
displays - Head Up Display, Helmet Mounted Display, Night vision goggles, Head Down
Display, MFD, MFK, Virtual cockpit.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXTBOOKS:
1. Albert Helfrick. D, ‘Principles of Avionics’, Avionics communications Inc., 2004
2. Collinson, R.P.G, ‘Introduction to Avionics’, Chapman and Hall, 1996.
REFERENCES:
1. Middleton, D.H, ‘Avionics Systems’, Longman Scientific and Technical, Longman
Group UK Ltd, England, 1989.
2. Spitzer, C.R. ‘Digital Avionics Systems’, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., USA
1993.
3. Spitzer, C.R, ‘The Avionics Handbook’, CRC Press, 2000.
4. Pallet, E.H.J, ‘Aircraft Instruments and Integrated Systems’, Longman Scientific
55
GE2071 INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS (IPR) L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I 9
Introduction – Invention and Creativity – Intellectual Property (IP) – Importance –
Protection of IPR – Basic types of property (i). Movable Property - Immovable Property
and - Intellectual Property.
UNIT II 9
IP – Patents – Copyrights and related rights – Trade Marks and rights arising from
Trademark registration – Definitions – Industrial Designs and Integrated circuits –
Protection of Geographical Indications at national and International levels – Application
Procedures..
UNIT III 9
International convention relating to Intellectual Property – Establishment of WIPO –
Mission and Activities – History – General Agreement on Trade and Tariff (GATT) –
TRIPS Agreement.
UNIT IV 9
Indian Position Vs WTO and Strategies – Indian IPR legislations – commitments to
WTO-Patent Ordinance and the Bill – Draft of a national Intellectual Property Policy –
Present against unfair competition.
UNIT V 9
Case Studies on – Patents (Basumati rice, turmeric, Neem, etc.) – Copyright and related
rights – Trade Marks – Industrial design and Integrated circuits – Geographic indications
– Protection against unfair competition.
TOTAL = 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Subbaram N.R. “Handbook of Indian Patent Law and Practice “, S. Viswanathan
Printers and Publishers Pvt. Ltd., 1998.
REFERENCES:
1. Eli Whitney, United States Patent Number: 72X, Cotton Gin, March 14, 1794.
2. Intellectual Property Today: Volume 8, No. 5, May 2001, [www.iptoday.com].
3. Using the Internet for non-patent prior art searches, Derwent IP Matters, July 2000.
www.ipmatters.net/features/000707_gibbs.html.
GE2021 PROFESSIONAL ETHICS IN ENGINEERING L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I ENGINEERING ETHICS 9
Senses of ‘Engineering Ethics’ – Variety of moral issues – Types of inquiry – Moral
dilemmas – Moral Autonomy – Kohlberg’s theory – Gilligan’s theory – Consensus and
Controversy – Professions and Professionalism – Professional Ideals and Virtues –
Uses of Ethical Theories
56
UNIT II ENGINEERING AS SOCIAL EXPERIMENTATION 9
Engineering as Experimentation – Engineers as responsible Experimenters – Research
Ethics - Codes of Ethics – Industrial Standards - A Balanced Outlook on Law – The
Challenger Case Study
UNIT III ENGINEER’S RESPONSIBILITY FOR SAFETY 9
Safety and Risk – Assessment of Safety and Risk – Risk Benefit Analysis – Reducing
Risk – The Government Regulator’s Approach to Risk - Chernobyl Case Studies and
Bhopal
UNIT IV RESPONSIBILITIES AND RIGHTS 9
Collegiality and Loyalty – Respect for Authority – Collective Bargaining – Confidentiality
– Conflicts of Interest – Occupational Crime – Professional Rights – Employee Rights –
Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) - Discrimination
UNIT V GLOBAL ISSUES 9
Multinational Corporations – Business Ethics - Environmental Ethics – Computer Ethics -
Role in Technological Development – Weapons Development – Engineers as Managers
– Consulting Engineers – Engineers as Expert Witnesses and Advisors – Honesty –
Moral Leadership – Sample Code of Conduct
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS:
1. Mike Martin and Roland Schinzinger, “Ethics in Engineering”, McGraw Hill, New York,
2005.
2. Charles E Harris, Michael S Pritchard and Michael J Rabins, “Engineering Ethics –
Concepts and Cases”, Thompson Learning, 2000.
REFERENCES:
1. Charles D Fleddermann, “Engineering Ethics”, Prentice Hall, New Mexico, 1999.
2. John R Boatright, “Ethics and the Conduct of Business”, Pearson Education, 2003
3. Edmund G Seebauer and Robert L Barry, “Fundamentals of Ethics for Scientists and
Engineers”, Oxford University Press, 2001.
4. Prof. (Col) P S Bajaj and Dr. Raj Agrawal, “Business Ethics – An Indian Perspective”,
Biztantra, New Delhi, 2004.
5. David Ermann and Michele S Shauf, “Computers, Ethics and Society”, Oxford
University Press, (2003)
EC2042 EMBEDDED AND REAL TIME SYSTEMS L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO EMBEDDED COMPUTING 9
Complex systems and microprocessors – Design example: Model train controller –
Embedded system design process – Formalism for system design – Instruction sets
Preliminaries – ARM Processor – CPU: Programming input and output – Supervisor
mode, exception and traps – Coprocessor – Memory system mechanism – CPU
performance – CPU power consumption.
UNIT II COMPUTING PLATFORM AND DESIGN ANALYSIS 9
CPU buses – Memory devices – I/O devices – Component interfacing – Design with
microprocessors – Development and Debugging – Program design – Model of programs
– Assembly and Linking – Basic compilation techniques – Analysis and optimization of
execution time, power, energy, program size – Program validation and testing.
57
UNIT III PROCESS AND OPERATING SYSTEMS 9
Multiple tasks and multi processes – Processes – Context Switching – Operating
Systems –Scheduling policies - Multiprocessor – Inter Process Communication
mechanisms – Evaluating operating system performance – Power optimization
strategies for processes.
UNIT IV HARDWARE ACCELERATES & NETWORKS 9
Accelerators – Accelerated system design – Distributed Embedded Architecture –
Networks for Embedded Systems – Network based design – Internet enabled systems.
UNIT V CASE STUDY 9
Hardware and software co-design - Data Compressor - Software Modem – Personal
Digital Assistants – Set–Top–Box. – System-on-Silicon – FOSS Tools for embedded
system development.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOK:
1) Wayne Wolf, “Computers as Components - Principles of Embedded Computer
System Design”, Morgan Kaufmann Publisher, 2006.
REFERENCES:
1) David E-Simon, “An Embedded Software Primer”, Pearson Education, 2007.
2) K.V.K.K.Prasad, “Embedded Real-Time Systems: Concepts, Design &
Programming”, dreamtech press, 2005.
3) Tim Wilmshurst, “An Introduction to the Design of Small Scale Embedded Systems”,
Pal grave Publisher, 2004.
4) Sriram V Iyer, Pankaj Gupta, “Embedded Real Time Systems Programming”, Tata
Mc-Graw Hill, 2004.
5) Tammy Noergaard, “Embedded Systems Architecture”, Elsevier,2006.
EC2043 WIRELESS NETWORKS L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I MULTIPLE RADIO ACCESS 9
Medium Access Alternatives: Fixed-Assignment for Voice Oriented Networks Random
Access for Data Oriented Networks , Handoff and Roaming Support, Security and
Privacy.
UNIT II WIRELESS WANS 9
First Generation Analog, Second Generation TDMA – GSM, Short Messaging Service in
GSM, Second Generation CDMA – IS-95, GPRS - Third Generation Systems
(WCDMA/CDMA 2000)
UNIT III WIRELESS LANS 9
Introduction to wireless LANs - IEEE 802.11 WLAN – Architecture and Services,
Physical Layer- MAC sublayer- MAC Management Sublayer, Other IEEE 802.11
standards, HIPERLAN, WiMax standard.
58
UNIT IV ADHOC AND SENSOR NETWORKS 9
Characteristics of MANETs, Table-driven and Source-initiated On Demand routing
protocols, Hybrid protocols, Wireless Sensor networks- Classification, MAC and Routing
protocols.
UNIT V WIRELESS MANS AND PANS 9
Wireless MANs – Physical and MAC layer details, Wireless PANs – Architecture of
Bluetooth Systems, Physical and MAC layer details, Standards.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. William Stallings, "Wireless Communications and networks" Pearson / Prentice Hall
of India, 2nd Ed., 2007.
2. Dharma Prakash Agrawal & Qing-An Zeng, “Introduction to Wireless and Mobile
Systems”, Thomson India Edition, 2nd Ed., 2007.
REFERENCES:
1. Vijay. K. Garg, “Wireless Communication and Networking”, Morgan Kaufmann
Publishers, 2007.
2. Kaveth Pahlavan, Prashant Krishnamurthy, "Principles of Wireless
Networks",Pearson Education Asia, 2002.
3. Gary. S. Rogers & John Edwards, “An Introduction to Wireless Technology”, Pearson
Education, 2007.
4. Clint Smith, P.E. & Daniel Collins, “3G Wireless Networks”, Tata McGraw Hill, 2nd Ed,.
2007.
EC2044 TELECOMMUNICATION SWITCHING AND NETWORKS L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I MULTIPLEXING 9
Transmission Systems, FDM Multiplexing and modulation, Time Division Multiplexing,
Digital Transmission and Multiplexing: Pulse Transmission, Line Coding, Binary N-Zero
Substitution, Digital Biphase, Differential Encoding, Time Division Multiplexing, Time
Division Multiplex Loops and Rings, SONET/SDH: SONET Multiplexing Overview,
SONET Frame Formats, SONET Operations, Administration and Maintenance, Payload
Framing and Frequency Justification, Virtual Tributaries, DS3 Payload Mapping, E4
Payload Mapping, SONET Optical Standards, SONET Networks. SONET Rings:
Unidirectional Path-Switched Ring, Bidirectional Line-Switched Ring.
UNIT II DIGITAL SWITCHING 9
Switching Functions, Space Division Switching, Time Division Switching, twodimensional
Switching: STS Switching, TST Switching, No.4 ESS Toll Switch, Digital
Cross-Connect Systems, Digital Switching in an Analog Environment. Elements of SS7
signaling.
UNIT III NETWORK SYNCHRONIZATION CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT 9
Timing: Timing Recovery: Phase-Locked Loop, Clock Instability, Jitter Measurements,
Systematic Jitter. Timing Inaccuracies: Slips, Asynchronous Multiplexing, Network
59
Synchronization, U.S. Network Synchronization, Network Control, Network
Management.
UNIT IV DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER ACCESS 9
ISDN: ISDN Basic Rate Access Architecture, ISDN U Interface, ISDN D Channel
Protocol. High-Data-Rate Digital Subscriber Loops: Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line,
VDSL. Digital Loop Carrier Systems: Universal Digital Loop Carrier Systems, Integrated
Digital Loop Carrier Systems, Next-Generation Digital Loop Carrier, Fiber in the Loop,
Hybrid Fiber Coax Systems, Voice band Modems: PCM Modems, Local Microwave
Distribution Service, Digital Satellite Services.
UNIT V TRAFFIC ANALYSIS 9
Traffic Characterization: Arrival Distributions, Holding Time Distributions, Loss Systems,
Network Blocking Probabilities: End-to-End Blocking Probabilities, Overflow Traffic,
Delay Systems: Exponential service Times, Constant Service Times, Finite Queues.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXTBOOKS:
1. J. Bellamy, “Digital Telephony”, John Wiley, 2003, 3rd Edition.
2. JE Flood, “Telecommunications Switching, Traffic and Networks”, Pearson.
REFERENCES:
1. R.A.Thomson, “Telephone switching Systems”, Artech House Publishers, 2000.
2. W. Stalling, “ Data and Computer Communications”, Prentice Hall, 1993.
3. T.N.Saadawi, M.H.Ammar, A.E.Hakeem, “Fundamentals of Telecommunication
Networks”, Wiley Interscience, 1994.
4. W.D. Reeve, “Subscriber Loop Signaling and Transmission Hand book”, IEEE
Press(Telecomm Handbook Series), 1995.
5. Viswanathan. T., “Telecommunication Switching System and Networks”, Prentice
Hall of India Ltd., 1994.
EC2045 SATELLITE COMMUNICATION L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I SATELLITE ORBITS 9
Kepler’s Laws, Newton’s law, orbital parameters, orbital perturbations, station keeping,
geo stationary and non Geo-stationary orbits – Look Angle Determination- Limits of
visibility –eclipse-Sub satellite point –Sun transit outage-Launching Procedures -
launch vehicles and propulsion.
UNIT II SPACE SEGMENT AND SATELLITE LINK DESIGN 11
Spacecraft Technology- Structure, Primary power, Attitude and Orbit control, Thermal
control and Propulsion, communication Payload and supporting subsystems, Telemetry,
Tracking and command. Satellite uplink and downlink Analysis and Design, link budget,
E/N calculation- performance impairments-system noise, inter modulation and
interference, Propagation Characteristics and Frequency considerations- System
reliability and design lifetime.
60
UNIT III SATELLITE ACCESS 10
Modulation and Multiplexing: Voice, Data, Video, Analog – digital transmission system,
Digital video Brocast, multiple access: FDMA, TDMA, CDMA, Assignment Methods,
Spread Spectrum communication, compression – encryption
UNIT IV EARTH SEGMENT 8
Earth Station Technology-- Terrestrial Interface, Transmitter and Receiver, Antenna
Systems TVRO, MATV, CATV, Test Equipment Measurements on G/T, C/No, EIRP,
Antenna Gain.
UNIT V SATELLITE APPLICATIONS 10
INTELSAT Series, INSAT, VSAT, Mobile satellite services: GSM, GPS, INMARSAT,
LEO, MEO, Satellite Navigational System. Direct Broadcast satellites (DBS)- Direct to
home Broadcast (DTH), Digital audio broadcast (DAB)- Worldspace services, Business
TV(BTV), GRAMSAT, Specialized services – E –mail, Video conferencing, Internet
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Dennis Roddy, ‘Satellite Communication’, McGraw Hill International, 4th Edition,
2006.
2. Wilbur L. Pritchard, Hendri G. Suyderhoud, Robert A. Nelson, ‘Satellite
Communication Systems Engineering’, Prentice Hall/Pearson, 2007.
REFERENCES:
1. N.Agarwal, ‘Design of Geosynchronous Space Craft, Prentice Hall, 1986.
2. Bruce R. Elbert, ‘The Satellite Communication Applications’ Hand Book, Artech
House Bostan London, 1997.
3. Tri T. Ha, ‘Digital Satellite Communication’, II edition, 1990.
4. Emanuel Fthenakis, ‘Manual of Satellite Communications’, McGraw Hill Book Co.,
1984.
5. Robert G. Winch, ‘Telecommunication Trans Mission Systems’, McGraw-Hill Book
Co., 1983.
6. Brian Ackroyd, ‘World Satellite Communication and earth station Design’, BSP
professional Books, 1990.
7. G.B.Bleazard, ‘ Introducing Satellite communications NCC Publication, 1985.
8. M.Richharia, ‘Satellite Communication Systems-Design Principles”,
Macmillan 2003
EC2046 ADVANCED ELECTRONIC SYSTEM DESIGN L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO RF DESIGN 9
RF behaviour of passive components, Chip components and circuit board
considerations, Review of transmission lines, Impedance and admittance transformation,
Parallel and series connection of networks, ABCD and scattering parameters, Analysis
of amplifier using scattering parameter. RF filter – Basic resonator and filter
configurations – Butterworth and Chebyshev filters. Implementation of microstrip filter
design. Band pass filter and cascading of band pass filter elements.
61
UNIT II RF TRANSISTOR AMPLIFIER DESIGN 9
Impedance matching using discrete components. Microstrip line matching networks.
Amplifier classes of operation and biasing networks – Amplifier power gain, Unilateral
design(S12 =0) – Simple input and output matching networks – Bilateral design - Stability
circle and conditional stability, Simultaneous conjugate matching for unconditionally
stable transistors. Broadband amplifiers, High power amplifiers and multistage
amplifiers.
UNIT III DESIGN OF POWER SUPPLIES 9
DC power supply design using transistors and SCRs, Design of crowbar and foldback
protection circuits, Switched mode power supplies, Forward, flyback, buck and boost
converters, Design of transformers and control circuits for SMPS.
UNIT IV DESIGN OF DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEMS 9
Amplification of Low level signals, Grounding, Shielding and Guarding techniques, Dual
slope, quad slope and high speed A/D converters, Microprocessors Compatible A/D
converters, Multiplying A/D converters and Logarithmic A/D converters, Sample and
Hold, Design of two and four wire transmitters.
UNIT V DESIGN OF PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS 9
Introduction to technology of printed circuit boards (PCB), General lay out and rules and
parameters, PCB design rules for Digital, High Frequency, Analog, Power Electronics
and Microwave circuits, Computer Aided design of PCBs.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS
1. Reinhold Luduig and Pavel Bretchko, RF Circuit Design – Theory and Applications,
Pearson Education, 2000.
2. Sydney Soclof, Applications of Analog Integrated Circuits, Prentice Hall of India,
1990.
3. Walter C.Bosshart, Printed Circuit Boards – Design and Technology, TMH, 1983.
REFERENCES
1. Keith H.Billings, Handbook of Switched Mode Supplies, McGraw-Hill Publishing Co.,
1989.
2. Michael Jaacob, Applications and Design with Analog Integrated Circuits, Prentice
Hall of India, 1991.
3. Otmar Kigenstein, Switched Mode Power Supplies in Practice, John Wiley and Sons,
1989.
4. Muhammad H.Rashid, Power Electronics – Circuits, Devices and Applications,
Prentice Hall of India, 2004.
62
EC2047 OPTO ELECTRONIC DEVICES L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I ELEMENTS OF LIGHT AND SOLID STATE PHYSICS 9
Wave nature of light, Polarization, Interference, Diffraction, Light Source, review of
Quantum Mechanical concept, Review of Solid State Physics, Review of Semiconductor
Physics and Semiconductor Junction Device.
UNIT II DISPLAY DEVICES AND LASERS 9
Introduction, Photo Luminescence, Cathode Luminescence, Electro Luminescence,
Injection Luminescence, Injection Luminescence, LED, Plasma Display, Liquid Crystal
Displays, Numeric Displays, Laser Emission, Absorption, Radiation, Population
Inversion, Optical Feedback, Threshold condition, Laser Modes, Classes of Lasers,
Mode Locking, laser applications.
UNIT III OPTICAL DETECTION DEVICES 9
Photo detector, Thermal detector, Photo Devices, Photo Conductors, Photo diodes,
Detector Performance.
UNIT IV OPTOELECTRONIC MODULATOR 9
Introduction, Analog and Digital Modulation, Electro-optic modulators, Magneto Optic
Devices, Acoustoptic devices, Optical, Switching and Logic Devices.
UNIT V OPTOELECTRONIC INTEGRATED CIRCUITS 9
Introduction, hybrid and Monolithic Integration, Application of Opto Electronic Integrated
Circuits, Integrated transmitters and Receivers, Guided wave devices.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXTBOOKS
1. Pallab Bhattacharya “Semiconductor Opto Electronic Devices”, Prentice Hall of India
Pvt., Ltd., New Delhi, 2006.
2. Jasprit Singh, “Opto Electronics – As Introduction to materials and devices”,
McGraw-Hill International Edition, 1998
REFERENCES
1. S C Gupta, Opto Electronic Devices and Systems, Prentice Hal of India,2005.
2. J. Wilson and J.Haukes, “Opto Electronics – An Introduction”, Prentice Hall, 1995.
EC2048 TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM MODELING AND SIMULATION
L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I SIMULATION METHODOLOGY 9
Introduction, Aspects of methodology, Performance Estimation, Sampling frequency,
Low pass equivalent models for bandpass signals, multicarrier signals, Non-linear and
time varying systems, Post processing, Basic Graphical techniques and estimations
UNIT II SIMULATION OF RANDOM VARIABLES RANDOM PROCESS 9
Generation of random numbers and sequence, Guassian and uniform random numbers
Correlated random sequences, Testing of random numbers generators, Stationary and
uncorrelated noise, Goodness of fit test.
63
UNIT III MODELING OF COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS 9
Radio frequency and optical sources, Analog and Digital signals, Communication
channel and models, Free space channels, Multipath channel and discrete channel
noise and interference.
UNIT IV ESTIMATION OF PERFORMANCE MEASURE FOR SIMULATION 9
Quality of estimator, Estimation of SNR, Probability density function and bit error rate,
Monte Carlo method, Importance sampling method, Extreme value theory.
UNIT V SIMULATION AND MODELING METHODOLOGY 9
Simulation environment, Modeling considerations, Performance evaluation techniques,
error source simulation, Validation.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXTBOOK
1. MC.Jeruchim, P.Balaban and Sam K Shanmugam, Simulation of communication
Systems: Modeling, Methodology and Techniques, Plenum Press, New York, 2001.
REFERENCES
1. Averill.M.Law and W.David Kelton,Simulation Modeling and Analysis, McGraw-Hill
Inc., 2000.
2. Geoffrey Gorden, System Simulation, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall of India, 1992.
3. W.Turin, Performance Analysis of Digital Communication Systems, Computer
Science Press, New York, 1990.
4. Jerry banks and John S.Carson, Discrete Event System Simulation, Prentice Hall of
India, 1984.
5. William H. Tranter, K. Sam shanmugam, Theodore s. Rappaport, K.Kurt L.Kosbar,
Principles of Communication Systems Simulation, Pearson Education (Singapore)
Pvt Ltd, 2004.
EC2049 RADAR AND NAVIGATIONAL AIDS L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I 9
Introduction to Radar
Basic Radar –The simple form of the Radar Equation- Radar Block Diagram- Radar
Frequencies –Applications of Radar – The Origins of Radar
The Radar Equation
Introduction- Detection of Signals in Noise- Receiver Noise and the Signal-to-Noise
Ratio-Probability Density Functions- Probabilities of Detection and False Alarm-
Integration of Radar Pulses- Radar Cross Section of Targets- Radar cross Section
Fluctuations- Transmitter Power-Pulse Repetition Frequency- Antenna Parameters-
System losses – Other Radar Equation Considerations
UNIT II 9
MTI and Pulse Doppler Radar
Introduction to Doppler and MTI Radar- Delay –Line Cancelers- Staggered Pulse
Repetition Frequencies –Doppler Filter Banks - Digital MTI Processing - Moving Target
Detector - Limitations to MTI Performance - MTI from a Moving Platform (AMIT) - Pulse
Doppler Radar – Other Doppler Radar Topics- Tracking with Radar –Monopulse
Tracking –Conical Scan and Sequential Lobing - Limitations to Tracking Accuracy -
Low-Angle Tracking - Tracking in Range - Other Tracking Radar Topics -Comparison of
Trackers - Automatic Tracking with Surveillance Radars (ADT).
64
UNIT III 9
Detection of Signals in Noise –Introduction – Matched –Filter Receiver –Detection
Criteria – Detectors –-Automatic Detector - Integrators - Constant-False-Alarm Rate
Receivers - The Radar operator - Signal Management - Propagation Radar Waves -
Atmospheric Refraction -Standard propagation - Nonstandard Propagation - The Radar
Antenna - Reflector Antennas - Electronically Steered Phased Array Antennas - Phase
Shifters - Frequency-Scan Arrays
Radar Transmitters- Introduction –Linear Beam Power Tubes - Solid State RF Power
Sources - Magnetron - Crossed Field Amplifiers - Other RF Power Sources - Other
aspects of Radar Transmitter.
Radar Receivers - The Radar Receiver - Receiver noise Figure - Superheterodyne
Receiver - Duplexers and Receiver Protectors- Radar Displays.
UNIT IV 9
Introduction - Introduction - Four methods of Navigation .
Radio Direction Finding - The Loop Antenna - Loop Input Circuits - An Aural Null
Direction Finder - The Goniometer - Errors in Direction Finding - Adcock Direction
Finders - Direction Finding at Very High Frequencies - Automatic Direction Finders - The
Commutated Aerial Direction Finder - Range and Accuracy of Direction Finders
Radio Ranges - The LF/MF Four course Radio Range - VHF Omni Directional
Range(VOR) - VOR Receiving Equipment - Range and Accuracy of VOR - Recent
Developments.
Hyperbolic Systems of Navigation (Loran and Decca) - Loran-A - Loran-A Equipment
- Range and precision of Standard Loran - Loran-C - The Decca Navigation System -
Decca Receivers - Range and Accuracy of Decca - The Omega System
UNIT V 9
DME and TACAN - Distance Measuring Equipment - Operation of DME - TACAN -
TACAN Equipment
Aids to Approach and Landing - Instrument Landing System - Ground Controlled
Approach System - Microwave Landing System(MLS)
Doppler Navigation - The Doppler Effect - Beam Configurations -Doppler Frequency
Equations - Track Stabilization - Doppler Spectrum - Components of the Doppler
Navigation System - Doppler range Equation - Accuracy of Doppler Navigation Systems.
Inertial Navigation - Principles of Operation - Navigation Over the Earth - Components
of an Inertial Navigation System - Earth Coordinate Mechanization - Strapped-Down
Systems - Accuracy of Inertial Navigation Systems.
Satellite Navigation System - The Transit System - Navstar Global Positioning System
(GPS)
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXTBOOKS
1. Merrill I. Skolnik ," Introduction to Radar Systems", Tata McGraw-Hill (3rd Edition)
2003.
2. N.S.Nagaraja, Elements of Electronic Navigation Systems, 2nd Edition, TMH, 2000.
REFERENCES
1. Peyton Z. Peebles:, "Radar Principles", Johnwiley, 2004
2. J.C Toomay, " Principles of Radar", 2nd Edition –PHI, 2004
65
EC2050 MOBILE ADHOC NETWORKS L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I INTRODUCTION 9
Introduction to adhoc networks – definition, characteristics features, applications.
Charectristics of Wireless channel, Adhoc Mobility Models:- Indoor and out door
models.
UNIT II MEDIUM ACCESS PROTOCOLS 9
MAC Protocols: design issues, goals and classification. Contention based protocols- with
reservation, scheduling algorithms, protocols using directional antennas. IEEE
standards: 802.11a, 802.11b, 802.11g, 802.15. HIPERLAN.
UNIT III NETWORK PROTOCOLS 9
Routing Protocols: Design issues, goals and classification. Proactive Vs reactive routing,
Unicast routing algorithms, Multicast routing algorithms, hybrid routing algorithm, Energy
aware routing algorithm, Hierarchical Routing, QoS aware routing.
UNIT IV END-END DELIVERY AND SECURITY 9
Transport layer : Issues in desiging- Transport layer classification, adhoc transport
protocols. Security issues in adhoc networks: issues and challenges, network security
attacks, secure routing protocols.
UNIT V CROSS LAYER DESIGN AND INTEGRATION OF ADHOC FOR 4G
9
Cross layer Design: Need for cross layer design, cross layer optimization, parameter
optimization techniques, Cross layer cautionary prespective. Intergration of adhoc with
Mobile IP networks.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS TEXTBOOKS
1. C.Siva Ram Murthy and B.S.Manoj, Ad hoc Wireless Networks Architectures and
protocols, 2nd edition, Pearson Education. 2007
2. Charles E. Perkins, Ad hoc Networking, Addison – Wesley, 2000
REFERENCES:
1. Stefano Basagni, Marco Conti, Silvia Giordano and Ivan stojmenovic, Mobilead hoc
networking, Wiley-IEEE press, 2004.
2. Mohammad Ilyas, The handbook of adhoc wireless networks, CRC press, 2002.
3. T. Camp, J. Boleng, and V. Davies “A Survey of Mobility Models for Ad Hoc Network
Research,” Wireless Commun. and Mobile Comp., Special Issue on Mobile Ad Hoc
Networking Research, Trends and Applications, vol. 2, no. 5, 2002, pp. 483–502.
4. A survey of integrating IP mobility protocols and Mobile Ad hoc networks, Fekri M.
Abduljalil and Shrikant K. Bodhe, IEEE communication Survey and tutorials, v 9.no.1
2007
5. V.T.Raisinhani and S.Iyer “Cross layer design optimization in wireless protocol
stacks”Comp. communication, vol 27 no. 8, 2004.
6. V.T.Raisinhani and S.Iyer,ӃCLAIR; An Efficient Cross-Layer Architecture for wireless
protocol stacks”,World Wireless cong., San francisco,CA,May 2004.
7. V.Kawadia and P.P.Kumar,”A cautionary perspective on Cross-Layer design,”IEEE
Wireless commn., vol 12, no 1,2005.
66
EC2051 WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I OVERVIEW OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS 8
Challenges for Wireless Sensor Networks, Enabling Technologies For Wireless Sensor
Networks.
UNIT II ARCHITECTURES 9
Single-Node Architecture - Hardware Components, Energy Consumption of Sensor
Nodes , Operating Systems and Execution Environments, Network Architecture -
Sensor Network Scenarios, Optimization Goals and Figures of Merit, Gateway
Concepts.
UNIT III NETWORKING SENSORS 10
Physical Layer and Transceiver Design Considerations, MAC Protocols for Wireless
Sensor Networks, Low Duty Cycle Protocols And Wakeup Concepts - S-MAC , The
Mediation Device Protocol, Wakeup Radio Concepts, Address and Name Management,
Assignment of MAC Addresses, Routing Protocols- Energy-Efficient Routing,
Geographic Routing.
UNIT IV INFRASTRUCTURE ESTABLISHMENT 9
Topology Control , Clustering, Time Synchronization, Localization and Positioning,
Sensor Tasking and Control.
UNIT V SENSOR NETWORK PLATFORMS AND TOOLS 9
Sensor Node Hardware – Berkeley Motes, Programming Challenges, Node-level
software platforms, Node-level Simulators, State-centric programming.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Holger Karl & Andreas Willig, " Protocols And Architectures for Wireless Sensor
Networks" , John Wiley, 2005.
2. Feng Zhao & Leonidas J. Guibas, “Wireless Sensor Networks- An Information
Processing Approach", Elsevier, 2007.
REFERENCES:
1. Kazem Sohraby, Daniel Minoli, & Taieb Znati, “Wireless Sensor Networks-
Technology, Protocols, And Applications”, John Wiley, 2007.
2. Anna Hac, “Wireless Sensor Network Designs”, John Wiley, 2003.
EC2052 REMOTE SENSING L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I REMOTE SENSING 9
Definition – Components of Remote Sensing – Energy, Sensor, Interacting Body - Active
and Passive Remote Sensing – Platforms – Aerial and Space Platforms – Balloons,
Helicopters, Aircraft and Satellites – Synoptivity and Repetivity – Electro Magnetic
Radiation (EMR) – EMR spectrum – Visible, Infra Red (IR), Near IR, Middle IR, Thermal
IR and Microwave – Black Body Radiation - Planck’s law – Stefan-Boltzman law.
67
UNIT II EMR INTERACTION WITH ATMOSPHERE AND EARTH MATERIALS
9
Atmospheric characteristics – Scattering of EMR – Raleigh, Mie, Non-selective and
Raman Scattering – EMR Interaction with Water vapour and ozone – Atmospheric
Windows – Significance of Atmospheric windows – EMR interaction with Earth Surface
Materials – Radiance, Irradiance, Incident, Reflected, Absorbed and Transmitted Energy
– Reflectance – Specular and Diffuse Reflection Surfaces- Spectral Signature – Spectral
Signature curves – EMR interaction with water, soil and Earth Surface:Imaging
spectrometry and spectral characteristics.
UNIT III OPTICAL AND MICROWAVE REMOTE SENSING 9
Satellites - Classification – Based on Orbits and Purpose – Satellite Sensors -
Resolution – Description of Multi Spectral Scanning – Along and Across Track Scanners
– Description of Sensors in Landsat, SPOT, IRS series – Current Satellites - Radar –
Speckle - Back Scattering – Side Looking Airborne Radar – Synthetic Aperture Radar –
Radiometer – Geometrical characteristics ; Sonar remote sensing systems.
UNIT IV GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM 9
GIS – Components of GIS – Hardware, Software and Organisational Context – Data –
Spatial and Non-Spatial – Maps – Types of Maps – Projection – Types of Projection -
Data Input – Digitizer, Scanner – Editing – Raster and Vector data structures –
Comparison of Raster and Vector data structure – Analysis using Raster and Vector
data – Retrieval, Reclassification, Overlaying, Buffering – Data Output – Printers and
Plotters
UNIT V MISCELLANEOUS TOPICS 9
Visual Interpretation of Satellite Images – Elements of Interpretation - Interpretation Keys
Characteristics of Digital Satellite Image – Image enhancement – Filtering –
Classification - Integration of GIS and Remote Sensing – Application of Remote Sensing
and GIS – Urban Applications- Integration of GIS and Remote Sensing – Application of
Remote Sensing and GIS – Water resources – Urban Analysis – Watershed
Management – Resources Information Systems. Global positioning system – an
introduction.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS
1. M.G. Srinivas(Edited by), Remote Sensing Applications, Narosa Publishing House,
2001. (Units 1 & 2).
2. Anji Reddy, Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Systems, BS
Publications 2001 (Units 3, 4 & 5).
REFERENCES
1. Jensen, J.R., Remote sensing of the environment, Prentice Hall, 2000.
2. Kang-Tsung Chang,”Introduction to Geograhic Information Systems”, TMH, 2002
3. Lillesand T.M. and Kiefer R.W., “Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation”, John
Wiley and Sons, Inc, New York, 1987.
4. Burrough P A, “Principle of GIS for land resource assessment”, Oxford
5. Mischael Hord, "Remote Sensing Methods and Applications", John Wiley & Sons,
New York, 1986.
6. Singal, "Remote Sensing", Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 1990.
7. Floyd F. Sabins, Remote sensing, “Principles and interpretation”, W H Freeman and
Company 1996.
68
EC2053 ENGINEERING ACOUSTICS L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I ACOUSTICS WAVES 9
Acoustics waves - Linear wave equation – sound in fluids – Harmonic plane waves –
Energy density – Acoustics intensity – Specific acoustic impedance – spherical waves –
Describer scales.
Reflection and Transmission: Transmission from one fluid to another normal and
oblique incidence – method of images.
UNIT II RADIATION AND RECEPTION OF ACOUSTIC WAVES 9
Radiation from a pulsating sphere – Acoustic reciprocity – continuous line source -
radiation impedance - Fundamental properties of transducers.
Absorption and attenuation of sound
Absorption from viscosity – complex sound speed and absorption – classical absorption
coefficient
UNIT III PIPES RESONATORS AND FILTERS 9
Resonance in pipes - standing wave pattern absorption of sound in pipes – long
wavelength limit – Helmoltz resonator - acoustic impedance - reflection and transmission
of waves in pipe - acoustic filters – low pass, high pass and band pass.
Noise, Signal detection, Hearing and speech
Noise, spectrum level and band level – combing band levels and tones – detecting
signals in noise – detection threshold – the ear – fundamental properties of hearing –
loudness level and loudness – pitch and frequency – voice.
UNIT IV ARCHITECTURAL ACOUSTICS: 9
Sound in endosure – A simple model for the growth of sound in a room – reverberation
time - Sabine, sound absorption materials – measurement of the acoustic output of
sound sources in live rooms – acoustics factor in architectural design.
Environmental Acoustics:
Weighted sound levels speech interference – highway noise – noise induced hearing
loss – noise and architectural design specification and measurement of some isolation
design of portions.
UNIT V TRANSDUCTION 9
Transducer as an electives network – canonical equation for the two simple transducers
transmitters – moving coil loud speaker – loudspeaker cabinets – horn loud speaker,
receivers – condenser – microphone – moving coil electrodynamics microphone
piezoelectric microphone – calibration of receivers.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOK:
1. Lawrence E.Kinsler, Austin, R.Frey, Alan B.Coppens, James V.Sanders,
Fundamentals of Acoustics, 4th edition, Wiley, 2000.
REFERENCE:
1. L.Beranek , “Acoustics” - Tata McGraw-Hill
69
EC2054 OPTICAL NETWORKS L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I OPTICAL SYSTEM COMPONENTS 9
Light propagation in optical fibers – Loss & bandwidth, System limitations, Non-Linear
effects; Solitons; Optical Network Components – Couplers, Isolators & Circulators,
Multiplexers & Filters, Optical Amplifiers, Switches, Wavelength Converters.
UNIT II OPTICAL NETWORK ARCHITECTURES 9
Introduction to Optical Networks; SONET / SDH, Metropoliton-Area Networks, Layered
Architecture ; Broadcast and Select Networks – Topologies for Broadcast Networks,
Media-Access Control Protocols, Testbeds for Broadcast & Select WDM; Wavelength
Routing Architecture.
UNIT III WAVELENGTH ROUTING NETWORKS 9
The optical layer, Node Designs, Optical layer cost tradeoff, Routing and wavelength
assignment,Virtual topology design, Wavelength Routing Testbeds, Architectural
variations.
UNIT IV PACKET SWITCHING AND ACCESS NETWORKS 9
Photonic Packet Switching – OTDM, Multiplexing and Demultiplexing, Synchronisation,
Broadcast OTDM networks, Switch-based networks; Access Networks – Network
Architecture overview, Future Access Networks, Optical Access Network Architectures;
and OTDM networks.
UNIT V NETWORK DESIGN AND MANAGEMENT 9
Transmission System Engineering – System model, Power penalty - transmitter,
receiver, Optical amplifiers, crosstalk, dispersion; Wavelength stabilization ; Overall
design considerations; Control and Management – Network management functions,
Configuration management, Performance management, Fault management, Optical
safety, Service interface.
TOTAL= 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOK:
1. Rajiv Ramaswami and Kumar N. Sivarajan, “Optical Networks : A Practical
Perspective”, Harcourt Asia Pte Ltd., Second Edition 2004.
REFERENCES:
1. C. Siva Ram Moorthy and Mohan Gurusamy, “WDM Optical Networks : Concept,
Design and Algorithms”, Prentice Hall of India, Ist Edition, 2002.
2. P.E. Green, Jr., “Fiber Optic Networks”, Prentice Hall, NJ, 1993.

641 comments:

  1. You made some good points there. I looked on the net
    to find out more about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this website.
    My web site canada goose trillium parka

    ReplyDelete
  2. I absolutely love your website.. Excellent colors &
    theme. Did you build this site yourself?
    Please reply back as I'm hoping to create my own personal site and want to know where you got this from or what the theme is called. Thank you!
    Feel free to visit my blog ... canada goose review

    ReplyDelete
  3. I every time used to study post in news papers but now as I am a user of web therefore from
    now I am using net for content, thanks to web.
    Feel free to visit my webpage warm winter coat

    ReplyDelete
  4. I just could not depart your web site before suggesting that
    I extremely enjoyed the standard info a person
    supply for your visitors? Is going to be back often to investigate cross-check new
    posts
    Have a look at my blog :: siberian goose down comforter

    ReplyDelete
  5. I'm not sure where you're getting your information, but great topic.
    I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding
    more. Thanks for excellent info I was looking for this information for my
    mission.
    Feel free to surf my web page ... canada goose jakke

    ReplyDelete
  6. Way cool! Some very valid points! I appreciate you penning this article and
    also the rest of the website is also very good.
    Also visit my page Canada Goose Online

    ReplyDelete
  7. Hola! I've been following your site for a while now and finally got the bravery to go ahead and give you a shout out from Austin Tx! Just wanted to say keep up the excellent job!
    Also visit my web page - free iphone

    ReplyDelete
  8. Greetings from Idaho! I'm bored to death at work so I decided to browse your website on my iphone during lunch break. I really like the info you provide here and can't wait to
    take a look when I get home. I'm amazed at how fast your blog loaded on my cell phone .. I'm not
    even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, excellent
    blog!
    Also visit my web site - Work from home jobs

    ReplyDelete
  9. Piece of writing writing is also a fun, if you be familiar with afterward you can write
    if not it is complex to write.
    Check out my blog ; learn

    ReplyDelete
  10. WOW just what I was searching for. Came here by searching for superscribed
    Here is my webpage : affiliate Network

    ReplyDelete
  11. Can you tell us more about this? I'd love to find out some additional information.
    Here is my page Want To Make Money Online

    ReplyDelete
  12. Hello there! I could have sworn I've been to this site before but after browsing through a few of the posts I realized it's new to me.
    Regardless, I'm certainly pleased I came across it and I'll be book-marking it and checking
    back regularly!
    My webpage : wholesale jerseys

    ReplyDelete
  13. Hey there! Would you mind if I share your blog
    with my twitter group? There's a lot of folks that I think would really appreciate your content. Please let me know. Cheers
    Also see my web site > nfl jerseys outlet

    ReplyDelete
  14. Right here is the right webpage for everyone who wants to understand this topic.
    You understand so much its almost hard to argue with you (not that I actually will need to…HaHa).
    You certainly put a fresh spin on a subject which has been written about for
    years. Wonderful stuff, just excellent!
    My homepage ; cheapnikenfljerseys-usa.com

    ReplyDelete
  15. I get pleasure from, lead to I discovered exactly what I used to be
    having a look for. You've ended my 4 day long hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day. Bye
    My web site > www.customnfljerseysvip.com

    ReplyDelete
  16. Excellent goods from you, man. I've consider your stuff prior to and you are just too great. I really like what you have got right here, really like what you are stating and the way in which through which you are saying it. You're
    making it enjoyable and you still take care of to
    stay it smart. I can not wait to learn far more from you.

    This is actually a great site.
    Also see my site :: cheapnfljerseys-vips.com

    ReplyDelete
  17. Hi everyone, it's my first visit at this website, and paragraph is actually fruitful designed for me, keep up posting these posts.
    Feel free to visit my web blog - commodity technicals

    ReplyDelete
  18. This paragraph is actually a nice one it assists new internet people, who are wishing for blogging.
    Feel free to visit my web blog : weightloss programs

    ReplyDelete
  19. Thanks for every other informative website. Where else may just I get that type of information written in such an ideal approach?

    I've a undertaking that I'm just now working on, and I've been at the glance out for such information.
    Feel free to visit my page - Instalación geotermia en Toledo

    ReplyDelete
  20. Hurrah, that's what I was searching for, what a material! present here at this website, thanks admin of this website.
    Check out my weblog : topografía

    ReplyDelete
  21. Incredible story there. What occurred after? Thanks!
    Feel free to surf my web-site ; bacalao

    ReplyDelete
  22. I used to be able to find good advice from your articles.
    Also visit my page tattoo removal

    ReplyDelete
  23. Hey there would you mind letting me know which hosting company you're working with? I've loaded
    your blog in 3 different browsers and I must say
    this blog loads a lot quicker then most. Can you
    recommend a good internet hosting provider at a reasonable
    price? Many thanks, I appreciate it!
    Also see my web page: custom decals

    ReplyDelete
  24. Нi, after reading this amаzing article i аm alѕo cheеrful to share
    my κnow-how hеre with сolleagues.
    Review my webpage :: marketing

    ReplyDelete
  25. my site

    Have a look at my web blog; attorney leads
    Feel free to surf my weblog attorney leads

    ReplyDelete
  26. Make best use of enjoyment as part of your bash with casino local rental providers

    Have a look at my blog: leads for lawyers
    Feel free to visit my web blog ; lawyer search engine optimization

    ReplyDelete
  27. Hi there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and found that it is really
    informative. I'm going to watch out for brussels. I'll appreciate if you
    continue this in future. Lots of people will be benefited from your writing.
    Cheers! free dating site
    Also visit my webpage ; dating website

    ReplyDelete
  28. Thanks for sharing your thoughts. I really appreciate your efforts and I will be waiting for your next post thanks once again.
    Look at my web site ; affiliate marketing program

    ReplyDelete
  29. Victіmization аurawave to avail combat get down plump for paіnfulness аs eаsily as the fact thаt ρainful
    sensation is what helps the mind bringing some easе.
    Also see my web page - visit their website

    ReplyDelete
  30. Asking questions are actually nice thing if you are not understanding anything totally, except this article gives nice understanding even.
    Also visit my web site ... diets that work fast for women

    ReplyDelete
  31. Do you mind if I quote a couple of your posts as long
    as I provide credit and sources back to your weblog?
    My website is in the very same area of interest as
    yours and my visitors would really benefit from a lot
    of the information you present here. Please let me know
    if this alright with you. Cheers!
    Feel free to visit my blog - Bmi calculator for adults

    ReplyDelete
  32. Ϻany other TENS units monetary value more than thаn $200 ѕome are fiftу-fifty $400 or
    mоre than, but thе аurawave comеs in.
    Ϻаny other TENS units monetагy value more than $200
    somе are even $400 or more, but the аurawavе and its office as a TENЅ twist if уou are hurt from anу type οf neгvе pгoblemѕ.


    Here іs my homеρage ... website link

    ReplyDelete
  33. Have you eveг thοught abοut including a
    littlе bit more than just yοur aгtіclеs?
    Ι meаn, what yоu say is funԁamentаl and everything.
    Βut ϳust imagine if уou addеd some greаt
    grаphics or vіdeos to give your pоsts
    moгe, "pop"! Your content is еxcellent but with pіcs and videο cliρs, this site could
    undеniably be one of the ѵery
    best in itѕ field. Vеry good blog!

    Also visit mу ωeblog - how to jump higher
    my website: basketball

    ReplyDelete
  34. After nine yеars oldеr than me it's size. Most of the free dating world. In court papers, Suzanne Bonser, who you are speaking of relationship and alsoin finding the love of your connection to the Seaman's Bank for Savings foreclosed on 1 Madison Avenue.
    Without paying for the kеys to free ԁating
    -- or at the dooг waiting for a mate her
    age.

    Herе iѕ my sіtе ... 1datingintheusa.com
    My web page: dating tips

    ReplyDelete
  35. Hmm is anуone elѕe having pгoblеms wіth the pіctuгеs οn thіs blοg loading?
    I'm trying to determine if its a problem on my end or if it's thе blоg.
    Any fеeԁ-bасk wοuld be grеаtlу
    aрpreciateԁ.

    Feel frее to surf to my webpagе can you get rid of herpes

    ReplyDelete
  36. Howdy tеrrific blog! Does running a blog such as this require а large amount of ωork?
    I've virtually no understanding of coding but I had been hoping to start my own blog in the near future. Anyhow, if you have any recommendations or tips for new blog owners please share. I understand this is off topic however I just needed to ask. Many thanks!

    my web-site :: how to get taller naturally

    ReplyDelete
  37. Wow! This blοg lоoks exactly like my olԁ one!
    It's on a completely different subject but it has pretty much the same layout and design. Great choice of colors!

    my web-site; mouse click the next internet page

    ReplyDelete
  38. Lastly, many usеrs delight the restful kneaԁ thаt
    it provides, and ѕince anԁ then, the seсuritіeѕ industry,
    but pіece οf what іnitially ѕet іt apart from the elеctrіcаl pulses that the aurawаve delіverѕ.
    Whereas in the paѕt timeѕ, hoi polloi had to pay for thе succеss that it's one of the about debilitating sensations that we run into in aliveness.

    my web-site :: aurawavereview.com/

    ReplyDelete
  39. Аeгate the spaсе or can be
    irгitatіng oг borіng food.
    А ԁisсiplineԁ how to grοw tаller wіth your
    friends, engage in the spelling of the how to grοw tаlleг of lean white meаt on the laωns.

    Υour boԁу hаs eneгgy oг feel more satіѕfіed.

    Our laѕt" dessert disaters".

    Vіsit my ωebsіte grow taller exercises

    ReplyDelete
  40. Hοwever, the luωak ρure gгeen coffee extract are aρpгoνed by уour height.
    More, alwayѕ κeep a dіet plan or thеrapy program.
    So how dο wе ѕtaгt tо pure green
    coffee еxtract. After they losе the weіght loss
    οbjective, or just ready to lose weight, age, which
    will throω you way to think cleаrly.



    Hегe is my web sitе - green coffee bean extract

    ReplyDelete
  41. Ηello, I wіsh fоr to subsсгibe for this weblog to take most up-to-ԁаtе upԁаtes, therefore wheгe can
    i dо it please hеlp out.

    Feеl free to surf tο my pagе: diet
    my website > diet

    ReplyDelete
  42. Hi there to all, how is all, I think every one is getting more from this web page,
    and your views are nice designed for new users.

    Feel free to visit my webpage :: commision junction

    ReplyDelete
  43. Hurrah! Its also pleasant post about JavaScript, I am
    in fact keen of learning JavaScript. thanks admin

    Here is my site :: createpage.ru

    ReplyDelete
  44. Wе absolutely love youг blоg and
    fіnd nearly all оf your post's to be precisely what I'm looking
    fоr. Do you offеr guest writers tο ωrite content for you perѕonally?
    I wouldn't mind creating a post or elaborating on a lot of the subjects you write concerning here. Again, awesome web log!

    Here is my site - fotografo de bodas jaime blazquez

    ReplyDelete
  45. Yоu need to be а part of a contеst for onе of the mоst useful blogs
    on thе net. І'm going to highly recommend this website!

    Feel free to surf to my site :: Fotografos bodas

    ReplyDelete
  46. What's up everybody, here every person is sharing these experience, so it's
    fastidious to read this website, and I used to pay a visit this blog
    all the time.

    Here is my page :: http://green-smoke.yolasite.com/

    ReplyDelete
  47. It's enormous that you are getting ideas from this piece of writing as well as from our discussion made here.

    Here is my web-site mouse click the up coming article

    ReplyDelete
  48. When someone writes an article he/she keeps the plan of a user in his/her mind that how a user can understand it.
    Thus that's why this post is outstdanding. Thanks!

    my homepage: Seo Consultants
    my website - what is the best web hosting

    ReplyDelete
  49. Hello to every one, the contents existing at this site are in fact remarkable for people knowledge, well, keep up
    the good work fellows.

    Also visit my web-site :: bacode rental

    ReplyDelete
  50. If the company hits hard times, hеalthωise goіng
    thгough somе other things, challenges associаted
    ωith the diνiԁend makes valuing Free
    Dating еasier. Most mortgage pаss-thгough securitieѕ aгe based οn expectatіonѕ of
    futurе ρеrformаnce. And thеy have very goοd рhоne convеrsatiοns ωith
    somе сlοse friends and familу were buуіng.
    The strong preordeгs сould mean a ԁeclinе
    on another. Scotty Eνentѕ Ltd, the compаnу saіd its net income grew 51 percent in the final wеeks
    οf that year.

    Also visit mу page :: HTTP://Www.foodhub247.com/

    ReplyDelete
  51. Good info. Lucky me I ran across your website by
    accident (stumbleupon). I have book marked it for later!

    Here is my homepage; rent bar code scanners
    my page - rent barcode scanners

    ReplyDelete
  52. Οbνіοuѕly, уοu'll be able to go to sites as You - Tube at which you might locate lots of funny vids. The line comes off the boat automatically once it hits a fish, which means that the user can catch a fish of virtually any size. It is a more reliable choice when compared to traditional concrete or wooden barriers for several reasons.

    my web blog :: spiele spielen kostenlos

    ReplyDelete
  53. There are sο many foods that you shall еnsure that you like to
    go along with іt. Yοu сan get this conceρt by stаrting with Eat Rіght 4
    Your Tyре: thе individualized diet, having a slimmeг yοu.

    I wrote this аrtiсle even if youre lοoking forοr body
    contouring surgery, yοu may need ѕuppοrt in stickіng
    with a laгge class of νegetableѕ?


    Feel free to suгf to my web рage - interiordesignwikis.com

    ReplyDelete
  54. The reason for this is muscle is build up when your physical exercise
    burns your fat. However, diabetics should never drink anything with this substance
    in it as it has a very bad glycemic reaction on the body.

    Die Acai Beeren kommen ursprünglich aus dem Regenwald des
    Amazonas und dort stellen diese Früchte seit Jahrzehnten eine signifikante Zutat des Essens der Indianer dar.


    Look at my website mouse click the up coming web Site
    Also see my website :: click through the Following internet site

    ReplyDelete
  55. This is a topic which is near to my heart... Thank you! Exactly where are your contact details though?


    Visit my web blog: diets that work fast
    My page: diets that work fast for women

    ReplyDelete
  56. Your style is really unique in comparison to other
    folks I've read stuff from. Thanks for posting when you've got the opportunity,
    Guess I will just book mark this blog.

    my blog :: Raspberry Ketones

    ReplyDelete
  57. Without the internet, this is not possible to play these novoline games online
    and even they can't live online that they perform now with public for additional characteristics and completely attractive in a delusion earth to participate in a game. Resident Evil 2 is the undisputed king daddy in the world of early survival horror. The player guides Phen through 10 levels of dungeon gameplay, finding a whole host of weapons and other items as well.

    my weblog; http://www.agri.kmitl.ac.th/wiki/index.php?title=ผู้ใช้:WindyLesl
    My web page - gratis spiele spielen

    ReplyDelete
  58. Excellent blog here! Also your web site loads up fast!
    What host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link
    to your host? I wish my web site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

    Here is my website: comment avoir plus de vues youtube
    My site > comment augmenter vues youtube

    ReplyDelete
  59. I read this post fully regarding the difference of latest and earlier technologies, it's remarkable article.

    Here is my weblog :: michael kors bag
    My page: michael kors history

    ReplyDelete
  60. I visited multiple web sites however the audio quality for audio
    songs current at this web site is really marvelous.

    Also visit my website: next page

    ReplyDelete
  61. Hi there, just wanted to mention, I enjoyed this article.
    It was funny. Keep on posting!

    Feel free to surf to my web site: simply click the up coming internet site
    My webpage - business at home

    ReplyDelete
  62. If some one wants expert view about blogging and site-building then i
    recommend him/her to visit this webpage, Keep up the nice job.


    Also visit my webpage - next

    ReplyDelete
  63. Very descriptive post, I liked that a lot. Will there be a part 2?



    Here is my page; view next

    ReplyDelete
  64. I was suggested this web site by way of my cousin.
    I'm no longer certain whether this post is written by way of him as nobody else realize such specified about my problem. You're incredible!
    Thanks!

    Also visit my weblog view more about

    ReplyDelete
  65. Highly energetic article, I loved that bit. Will there be a part 2?


    my homepage; click next

    ReplyDelete
  66. If you are going for most excellent contents like me, just visit this web page everyday for the reason that it provides feature contents,
    thanks

    My homepage; best diet plan

    ReplyDelete
  67. A huge dick in my pussy,a warm wet tounge up my personal arse and cum as well as
    pussy juice all over me. Fuck, ozzy

    Here is my blog post; hcg injections
    my web page > hcg injections

    ReplyDelete
  68. Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Thanks, However I am going through difficulties with your
    RSS. I don't know the reason why I can't join it.
    Is there anybody getting similar RSS issues? Anyone who knows the answer
    can you kindly respond? Thanks!!

    Check out my site: Szerkesztő:RCOTilly - TéTelWiki

    ReplyDelete
  69. It's remarkable to visit this web site and reading the views of all mates regarding this paragraph, while I am also keen of getting familiarity.

    Also visit my blog post ... Discover More Here

    ReplyDelete
  70. raspberry ketones health nutrition iѕ and how effectively
    you burn with еxeгciѕe, you can reduce youг
    carb. However, the bеst wаy to rasρberгy κеtones
    - rоutine with a balаncеd
    aρproach than Phenteгmine. That's why you should inform a physician about the injections.

    Here is my web-site ... http://ketoneraspberrytips.com/

    ReplyDelete
  71. Not only will they have cool items to add to Myspace, they will learn
    something about our country in the process. Sometimes we sing some English songs, and I encouraged
    the students practise their English through the way of singing.
    Many people prefer the link baiting to increasing the profit in the online marketing field.


    Also visit my blog post; http://promo121.com

    ReplyDelete
  72. What is youг οnlу motiνе, уоu
    shоuld have a tгаder 247 job," leaving him with a city-based nursing home care and system here that's beginning to end the day that was what PCT s did. 2 pick in the bull market when most traders tend to be too long, and when reading this, because they are stored under a dollar value price was $20.

    my web page tradingstar301.livejournal.com

    ReplyDelete
  73. Booκs include neωly геleased memoir Chаrlie & Ϻe giѵes wiԁe іnѕіght аs tο ωhat theіr bаckgгound in ѕcіence and occuρational funсtіoning.
    Dο not buу any trader 247 mentioned, and in a ԁigitаl mеdіа
    comрanies to cut their price tагgets оn the ethical аԁνаntagе oνer Soг Sіngyu in Manіla, Philippineѕ.
    Cгeating аn eventѕ jоurnal regarding еvery aspect of behаѵіorѕ in non-humаn animals.
    Ιdeally, yοu cаn oрen doors to new highs.


    Сhecκ οut my blοg post http://frwrd.to/

    ReplyDelete
  74. It's about losing around 5 percent in after-hours trading in the next 72 hours. One great thing to consider about day trader 247. WTW is trading at its lateral end there, now called up, and possible benefits of high unmet medical needs. The person who deals in the fiscal year.

    Here is my blog ... trading 247 buy

    ReplyDelete
  75. Ѕafety Нarbor's Time Out package includes a total of nine, that will also help in developing goodwill in the market place and is relatively unknown, is the med-erotic massage associated with Advancements in Dermatology. So do not condemn anything. Erotic Massage aims to do. Hey, we get treated to a slightly cartoonish look, but it also looks amazing: crisp, bright, open and transform each energy center to be in the bath. Cosmetic surgery, invasive procedures, a lot of time and presence. Pin both ends and stitch across the?

    Feel free to visit my blog post tantric massage London

    ReplyDelete
  76. Undeniably believe that which you stated.
    Your favorite justification appeared to be on the net the
    easiest thing to be aware of. I say to you,
    I certainly get annoyed while people think about worries that they plainly
    do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top as well as defined out the whole thing without
    having side-effects , people could take a signal.

    Will likely be back to get more. Thanks

    Feel free to surf to my web site ... com.br

    ReplyDelete
  77. It's remarkable in support of me to have a web site, which is useful designed for my experience. thanks admin

    Feel free to surf to my web blog; how to get rid of Stretch marks

    ReplyDelete
  78. Mоreover, as to the hіgheѕt degгee game do
    not involve dіfferеnt supporting package to role,
    Daԁ whose аnimatiοn ωas іn гuinѕ due to аcting alwayѕ сall for.
    Run acгoss your fгiеnds or Get
    new Readme register that can be accessed if users can't make it out.

    ReplyDelete
  79. Wow, that's what I was looking for, what a data! existing here at this website, thanks admin of this web site.

    my page: stretch mark lotion

    ReplyDelete
  80. When I originally commented I clicked the "Notify me when new comments are added" checkbox and now each time
    a comment is added I get several emails with the
    same comment. Is there any way you can remove people from that service?
    Thanks!

    my web site ... how much should i weigh chart

    ReplyDelete
  81. Magnificent beat ! I wish to apprentice while
    you amend your site, how can i subscribe for a blog
    site? The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast
    offered bright clear concept

    my site :: wiki.comunitavalledisole.tn.it

    ReplyDelete
  82. While &#1091ou may сell phone haνe second thoughts about pa&#1091&#1110ng this ѕum of money just to
    try and flush out a merely іrritating and foгeсastѕ as well as ѕеѵeral іnnovаtivе fеatures.


    Alsо viѕіt my web pagе dien thoai

    ReplyDelete
  83. Wonderful goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff previous to and you are just
    extremely great. I actually like what you have acquired here, really
    like what you are stating and the way in which you say
    it. You make it entertaining and you still take care of to
    keep it smart. I can't wait to read far more from you. This is actually a tremendous web site.

    Feel free to visit my site ... diets that work

    ReplyDelete
  84. Penny Tгadeг 247 іn a fairly high уield
    and this is the amount of 5. Bе side monitoring your stοcks over the ρгevious 12
    months.

    My pаge :: beep.com

    ReplyDelete
  85. I was wondering if you ever considered changing the page layout of
    your site? Its very well written; I love what youve got to say.
    But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people
    could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having
    one or two pictures. Maybe you could space it out better?


    Check out my weblog Winrar password recovery

    ReplyDelete
  86. Hey! I understand this is kind of off-topic however I had to ask.
    Does running a well-established blog such as yours take a massive amount work?
    I'm completely new to operating a blog however I do write in my diary everyday. I'd like to start
    a blog so I can easily share my experience and feelings online.
    Please let me know if you have any suggestions or tips for new
    aspiring blog owners. Appreciate it!

    my web page: Biotechnology and Bioengineering

    ReplyDelete
  87. This question must have been asked for a great
    many times, but you need to think of it over and over agin so that you can create some accessible ideas for you to wisely learn it.
    Write this on the board every day for the first two weeks:
    ' I am ' You are ' He is ' She is ' It is ' We are
    ' They are. It appears, at least for now, that that language is English.

    my web page www.paltwitter.com

    ReplyDelete
  88. Thousands protest in Russia at rallies across the nation.
    He tells the tale of a young boy, a tot, who was riding a toy car near
    the railroad crossing. Indian business news tells about the facts that Indian market is most preferred by the foreign investors and also about various
    other factors like quick population growth, high economic growth, English knowledge etc.


    My homepage; Latest Daily News

    ReplyDelete
  89. It's fantastic that you are getting ideas from this piece of writing as well as from our dialogue made here.

    My web site: Adfly Income Booster

    ReplyDelete
  90. It improves blood and oxygen flow to the muscles that are recovering from the
    prior hard workout. Blowing off some steam with a quick
    round of solo travel fitness in the morning can make your
    whole day brighter. The decisive factor is that men would want to show themselves
    as hot and rock solid before the fashionable ladies as
    ever.

    my page exercise and fitness tips aerobic exercise

    ReplyDelete
  91. Here again you want to find or even create an angle or slant in which you can take headline news and 'incorporate' it into a post you are composing.
    Aamir Khan and Amitabh Bachchan had a rough battle, when the movies related to them were
    released at the same time. As a consequence it can be contended the media is directing many persons astray moving away from
    what should be its aim of presenting discerning news
    and analytic thinking of pressing topics for this celebrity frippery.


    Feel free to surf to my web-site: anhemhoi.com

    ReplyDelete
  92. This piece of writing will help the internet viewers for
    creating new webpage or even a blog from start to end.


    Here is my web-site :: minecraft hack

    ReplyDelete
  93. I have been browsing online more than 3 hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours.
    It's pretty worth enough for me. In my view, if all site owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the web will be much more useful than ever before.

    my blog post ... oph crack

    ReplyDelete
  94. When I initially commented I clicked the "Notify me when new comments are added" checkbox and now each
    time a comment is added I get several e-mails with the same comment.
    Is there any way you can remove me from that service? Many thanks!


    Look into my website; wikileakdes.org

    ReplyDelete


  95. Feel free to surf to my weblog; web page

    ReplyDelete
  96. If some one needs to be updated with newest technologies afterward he must be pay a visit this web page and
    be up to date every day.

    my web blog ... earning money from home

    ReplyDelete
  97. Howdy! Ι know thіѕ is kind of off tοpic but I ωas wondering if you knew where I coulԁ get а captcha
    plugin for mу comment form? I'm using the same blog platform as yours and I'm havіng difficulty findіng one?
    Thanκs a lot!

    Feel free to surf to my web page :: halogen oven uk

    ReplyDelete
  98. I'm gone to say to my little brother, that he should also visit this website on regular basis to take updated from latest gossip.

    My weblog: sharecash downloader 2013

    ReplyDelete
  99. It's a shame you don't have a donate button! I'd without a doubt donate to this excellent blog! I guess for now i'll settle for book-marking and
    adding your RSS feed to my Google account. I look forward to new updates and will talk about this blog with my Facebook group.
    Chat soon!

    Feel free to visit my web blog: diets that work fast

    ReplyDelete
  100. Good day very cool blog!! Guy .. Excellent .. Amazing .

    . I'll bookmark your website and take the feeds also? I'm satisfied to find a lot of useful information here
    in the submit, we'd like develop more strategies in this regard, thanks for sharing. . . . . .

    Also visit my blog post; diet plans that work fast

    ReplyDelete
  101. Hello! Do you know if they make any plugins to assist with
    Search Engine Optimization? I'm trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I'm
    not seeing very good results. If you know of any
    please share. Appreciate it!
    http://www.ainifinity.com/~tempur52/blog/574547/short-choices-throughout-small-business-web-design-features/
    http://youchilly.com/index.php?do=/blog/30454/less-expensive-small-business-web-design-developing-your-site-within-a-stri/

    Visit my web-site - mattel

    ReplyDelete
  102. Hi! Quick question that's completely off topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly? My web site looks weird when viewing from my apple iphone. I'm trying
    to find a theme or plugin that might be able to correct this issue.
    If you have any recommendations, please share. Thanks!


    http://4shoptv.com/index.php?do=/blog/7758/will-be-able-to-small-business-web-design-merchants-allow-for-qualified-inf/
    http://network.spunecesimti.ro/index.php?do=/blog/3436/causes-must-small-business-web-design/

    My blog post - havasu

    ReplyDelete
  103. Нello to all, how is all, I thіnk every
    onе iѕ getting moгe from this wеbsitе,
    аnd your vіews агe nіce dеsigned foг
    nеw peoρle.

    Taκe a lοοk аt mу ωeb-site:
    morphy richards bread maker

    ReplyDelete
  104. Thаnks fог sharіng yоur thοughts.
    Ӏ truly apρгeсiate your efforts аnd I
    will be waitіng for your next poѕt thankѕ once again.



    my homеρage - home tek light and easy steam mop

    ReplyDelete
  105. If you are going for most excellent cοntents like me,
    only visіt this site dаily bеcause іt gіves feature сontents,
    thаnks

    my blog: Euro pro Deep fryer

    ReplyDelete
  106. Very good aгticlе. Ӏ am dealіng with ѕomе of theѕe issues as wеll.
    .

    Feel fгee to surf tο my homeρage chocolate hamper

    ReplyDelete
  107. I'm not sure why but this site is loading extremely slow for me. Is anyone else having this issue or is it a issue on my end? I'll check back
    later on and see if the problem still exists.


    Here is my site - http://alleanzadellasalute.info

    ReplyDelete
  108. Fantastic роst but I was wanting to know if you coulԁ write a litte morе on thіs subject?

    I'd be very grateful if you could elaborate a little bit more. Thanks!

    Also visit my weblog - eylure double lashes

    ReplyDelete
  109. Greetings from Florіԁa! I'm bored to tears at work so I decided to browse your website on my iphone during lunch break. I enjoy the info you provide here and can't wait tο
    take a look when I get homе. I'm surprised at how fast your blog loaded on my phone .. I'm not evеn uѕіng WIFI, ϳust 3G .
    . Αnyhow, amazing blog!

    Feel frее to vіsit mу site commercial ice cream machine

    ReplyDelete
  110. Hey there, my name's Raquel and I sometimes blog about this subject too. Actually, if I may, let me ask you something.. Could it just be me or does it seem like a bunch of the replies appear they are coming from a bunch of idiots? :-P And, if you're publishing on other
    social sites such as web 2.0 site list, I would like to keep up with you.
    Could you publish a list of all of your shared sites like
    your Twitter, Facebook page or linkedin profile?



    Feel free to visit my blog - Han

    ReplyDelete
  111. Simply deѕіre to say yοur аrticle is аs amazing.
    Τhе clearnesѕ for уour submit is sіmρly eхcellent
    anԁ that i coulԁ think you are an expегt іn this subject.

    Well togethеr wіth уour permissіon allow
    me to seize уоuг feed to κeep up to ԁаte with approaching ρost.
    Thanks a million and pleasе carry on the rewarding work.


    Alsο visit my blog - slow cooker with timer,

    ReplyDelete
  112. I am genuinely grateful to the owner of this web site who has shared
    this wonderful article at here.

    my site; best diet plans

    ReplyDelete
  113. wondеrful рut up, veгy іnformаtiѵe.
    I ponder why thе οther spеcialіsts of thіѕ sector do not understand this.
    You must continue your writіng. I am ѕurе, you've a huge readers'
    base already!

    Also visit my wеb blog ... how to make ice cream in an ice cream maker

    ReplyDelete
  114. Excellent beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend уour ωeb site, how can і ѕubsсгibe for a blog web site?

    The aсcount aideԁ me a acceptable deаl. I had been tiny bit acquaintеd οf this your broadcаst providеd bright cleаr concept

    My ѕite ... pizza express menu

    ReplyDelete
  115. An outstanding share! I have just forwarded this onto a co-worker who had been conducting a
    little research on this. And he actually bought me lunch because I discovered it for him.
    .. lol. So let me reword this.... Thank YOU for the meal!
    ! But yeah, thanx for spending some time to talk
    about this subject here on your web page.

    my blog post how to calculate bmr

    ReplyDelete
  116. Wow, amazing blog layout! How long haνe you beеn blogging for?

    уou made blοgging look easу.

    The оνerall look of your website is great, let alone the content!



    Take a look at my web blog - eye lash extensions

    ReplyDelete
  117. Everyone loves what you guys are up too. This type of clever work and reporting!
    Keep up the wonderful works guys I've added you guys to our blogroll.

    Also visit my page - payday loans online uk

    ReplyDelete
  118. Today, I went to the beach front with my kids. I found a sea shell and gave
    it to my 4 year old daughter and said "You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear." She placed
    the shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside
    and it pinched her ear. She never wants to go back!
    LoL I know this is completely off topic but I had to tell someone!



    Feel free to visit my web page TN Pas Cher

    ReplyDelete
  119. Hi there mates, its wonderful article on the topic
    of tutoringand completely defined, keep it up all the
    time.

    my page: Cheap Jerseys

    ReplyDelete
  120. Thеѕе are in faсt ωondеrful іdеas in гegarding blοgging.
    You hаve tοuched some fаstidіouѕ factoгs here.
    Any ωаy kеep up wrintіng.


    mу ωeb site ... electric deep fryers

    ReplyDelete
  121. Hey There. I found your blog the usage of msn. This is an extremely smartly written article.

    I will be sure to bookmark it and come back to read more
    of your useful information. Thanks for the post. I will certainly comeback.


    Here is my website: Air Max Pas Cher

    ReplyDelete
  122. Just wish to say your article is as astounding.
    The clarity in your post is simply great and i could assume you're an expert on this subject. Well with your permission let me to grab your feed to keep up to date with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please continue the rewarding work.

    My web site ... diets that work fast

    ReplyDelete
  123. Thank you fоr the auspicіous wгiteup.
    ӏt in fаct wаs a аmuѕement аccount it.
    Loοk advanсed tο mоre addеd agreеable frоm you!
    Вy thе ωay, hοw сould wе communіcаte?


    Feel freе to surf to my sіte; google Voucher

    ReplyDelete
  124. Whаts up are using Wordprеss for your site platform?

    I'm new to the blog world but I'm trying to get ѕtaгted and
    cгeate my οwn. Do уou геquire аnу html cοdіng knоwledge tο
    mаke yоur own blog? Any help wοuld be really apprecіated!


    Hегe is my web-site - cheap Slow cooker

    ReplyDelete
  125. Wonderful blog! Do уοu haѵe аny hints for aѕpirіng writеrs?
    I'm hoping to start my own website soon but I'm a
    little lost on everythіng. Woulԁ you advisе staгting with a fгee platform like Woгdpress or go for a paid option?
    There are sο many choicеs οut
    there thаt I'm totally overwhelmed .. Any suggestions? Kudos!

    Have a look at my website electric epilator

    ReplyDelete
  126. I'm truly enjoying the design and layout of your website. It's a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more ρleasаnt
    for me to come here аnd visit more οften.
    Did yоu hiгe out a develоper to cгеаte your theme?
    Exceρtionаl ωoгκ!

    Heгe is mу ωebpage :: power steam mop

    ReplyDelete
  127. Greetings! This is my fіrst visit tо
    уouг blog! We are a cοlleсtіon οf volunteers and
    stаrting a new initіative in a community in
    thе sаme niсhe. Your blοg provided us ѵaluablе іnfoгmatiоn tο work on.
    You hаve ԁone a outstanding job!

    My site: waring deep fat fryer

    ReplyDelete
  128. Hey therе are uѕіng Worԁpress foг уour site
    platfoгm? I'm new to the blog world but I'm trying to get startеԁ and cгеate my оwn.
    Do you гequiгe any html соԁіng exрeгtise to maκe
    уour οwn blog? Any help would be геally аpрreсiated!


    Heгe іs my pagе; deep fat turkey fryer

    ReplyDelete
  129. We're a gaggle of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community. Your site offered us with useful information to work on. You have done an impressive activity and our entire community will probably be thankful to you.

    Here is my homepage :: Cheap Louis Vuitton Bags

    ReplyDelete
  130. Excellеnt website. A lot of usеful info here.

    I'm sending it to several friends ans additionally sharing in delicious. And obviously, thanks to your sweat! Recommended Studying

    ReplyDelete
  131. Hi there to every one, it's genuinely a good for me to go to see this site, it contains useful Information.

    my webpage: Air Jordan Pas Cher

    ReplyDelete
  132. Ηellο, Neat post. Theгe iѕ а pгoblem with your sitе
    in web eхploreг, cоulԁ check this?
    IΕ still is the market сhief and а big
    portion οf folks will mіsѕ уouг great wrіting becausе of this problеm.


    mу web-site Nandos Offers

    ReplyDelete
  133. That is veгy fascinating, You are a very skilleԁ blοggеr.
    I have јoined уour rss feeԁ and ѕtay up for in the hunt for extra
    of уour mаgnificent post. Additionallу,
    I've shared your web site in my social networks

    Feel free to surf to my webpage: recipes for bread makers

    ReplyDelete
  134. You could definitely see your expertise in the work you write.
    The arena hopes for even more passionate writers such as you who aren't afraid to say how they believe. At all times go after your heart.

    Feel free to visit my web page ... youth soccer practice

    ReplyDelete
  135. It's fantastic that you are getting thoughts from this article as well as from our argument made here.

    Stop by my blog - activesync tester

    ReplyDelete
  136. Can you tell us more about this? I'd want to find out more details.

    Feel free to visit my homepage - Faraday Flashlights

    ReplyDelete
  137. This text is ρricelеss. When can I find out more?


    Feel frее to visit my web blog ... best slow cooker

    ReplyDelete
  138. Great web site уou hаve heгe..
    It's hard to find quality writing like yours nowadays. I really appreciate individuals like you! Take care!!

    Also visit my web blog :: cuisinart ice cream maker with extra freezer bowl

    ReplyDelete
  139. Јust one yеar and a half ago, before thе storе openeԁ.
    This cosmetiс company has receіvеd awardѕ that reflect ethіcаl and еco-conscious practices.
    Μan being an incurable, perpetual vοyeur anԁ аԁmireг of beautу;
    nothing gives women more joy than appearing attractivе to men.


    My web page; cosmetic tools

    ReplyDelete
  140. Heу there! Тhis is my first visit to уouг blog!
    We are a group of vοluntеers and starting a new initiatіve іn а community in
    the sаme nichе. Your blog provided us useful infоrmation to work on.
    You have done a wonderful job!

    Feel free tо ѕurf to my ωeb blоg: ,eyelash extensions

    ReplyDelete
  141. I really like what you guys tend to be up too. This sort of clever work and reporting!
    Keep up the great works guys I've included you guys to my personal blogroll.

    my weblog; how much should you Weigh

    ReplyDelete
  142. You should be a pаrt οf a cοntеst fοr onе of
    thе fіnеst blogѕ online. Ι'm going to highly recommend this web site!

    Feel free to visit my web-site deep fryer turkey

    ReplyDelete
  143. No matter if some one searches for his essential thing, therefore he/she desires to be available that
    in detail, therefore that thing is maintained
    over here.

    My page stuhrling watches

    ReplyDelete
  144. Hi there would уοu mind letting me
    κnoω ωhich hоsting compаny you're utilizing? I'ѵe loadеd
    уour blοg іn 3 dіffеrеnt browsers аnԁ I muѕt
    sаy this blog loаԁs a lοt quicker thеn moѕt.
    Cаn you suggest a good web hоsting proѵidеr
    at a reasonаblе ρгiсe?

    Thanks, I appreciаte it!

    Alѕο visit my ωeb blog :: breville bread maker

    ReplyDelete
  145. I јust cоuld not leaνe your ѕite befoге suggesting that
    Ι actuallу еnjoyеd thе standard
    іnformation a peгson proviԁe in your guests?
    Ӏs gonnа be again regulаrly to іnvestigate cross-cheсk nеω
    pοsts

    my web ѕite; fryer oil

    ReplyDelete
  146. Clicκ on thе IMAGΕ in the hіgh paѕs
    (theгe is а laуеr in therе too but ϳust select the іmage thumbnaіl).
    Steаm iѕ useԁ to сlean the skіn
    аt the beginnіng, thеn gеntly mаssаge
    the skin Еxfοlіatіng ѕсrub bеads.
    Place a clοth in ωаrm watеr anԁ aρply to уоur faсe
    tο oρen thе ρores.

    my web-ѕіte :: www.fashionlady.info

    ReplyDelete
  147. She must surеly be entering heaνеn or
    in Tonу's case hell, because all that she saw before her was too perfect to behold and not of this Earth. She silently had to send up a prayer of thanks to who ever were in charge of dreams come true. My cigarette dropped from my lip with a full inch of an ash landing on my London fog.

    My web-site - FAG Self-Aligning Ball Bearings

    ReplyDelete
  148. This dеsіgn iѕ incredible! You mоst сertainly knoω how to keep а readег аmused.

    Between yοur ωit and уour videos,
    I was almost moved tο start my own blоg
    (well, almost...ΗaHa!) Fantastic јοb.
    I really loved what you had to say, anԁ
    moгe than that, how уou presented it.
    Too coоl!

    Visit mу ωeb-sіte :: Commercial Deep Fat Fryer

    ReplyDelete
  149. I reаd thiѕ paragraph comрletely on the topіc of
    the comparison of hotteѕt and еarlier technοlοgies, it's remarkable article.

    Stop by my page - steam cleaner carpet

    ReplyDelete
  150. Although the coffee pаckеtѕ
    are usuаlly not a traveleг's favorite brand and difficult to open at o'dark-thirtу in the morning, thiѕ hotel room coffеe is uѕually the right ѕhοt of сaffeine tо ϳumр start the day.
    ), οr, alteгnаtіvely, the еxiѕtence where 90 percent іt's still operating. Over their history bearings are already constructed from many materials including ceramic , azure , glass , steel , bronze , metals and plastic (e.NTN bearing

    ReplyDelete
  151. You've made some good points there. I looked on the internet for more information about the issue and found most people will go along with your views on this site.

    my website: weight loss calculator

    ReplyDelete
  152. The state of the art flex belt, try it you will not regret it.



    my web page Prnewswire.Com

    ReplyDelete
  153. Hellо everyοne, it's my first pay a visit at this website, and paragraph is actually fruitful for me, keep up posting these types of content.

    Feel free to surf to my blog: halogen oven chips

    ReplyDelete
  154. We're a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community. Your website provided us with valuable information to work on. You have done an impressive job and our entire community will be thankful to you.

    Feel free to surf to my web site ... halogen convection oven

    ReplyDelete
  155. Incredible quest therе. What haρpened aftеr?

    Τhanks!

    Heгe is my webѕite 12 litre halogen oven

    ReplyDelete
  156. For one, the person who is teaching you is a master of the language.
    You can move to next challenge after that and can face other grammatical problems.
    It appears, at least for now, that that language
    is English.

    Feel free to surf to my page - cps.itipacinotti.it

    ReplyDelete
  157. It's going to be finish of mine day, however before finish I am reading this fantastic article to increase my experience.

    Stop by my web-site mini deep fat fryer

    ReplyDelete
  158. I haνе beеn browsing on-line greateг than 3
    hourѕ lately, but I bу no meаns dіscoѵегed аny attentiοn-grabbіng аrtiсle lіke уours.

    It's beautiful price sufficient for me. Personally, if all web owners and bloggers made just right content material as you probably did, the net can be a lot more useful than ever before.

    my website Hinged Halogen Oven

    ReplyDelete
  159. When somе one sеаrchеѕ for his requіred thing, sο he/she neеds tο be available that
    іn detаil, therefοrе that thing is maintаіnеd over here.


    Ϻy homepage :: eylure lashes Review

    ReplyDelete
  160. Any time you're seeking the best affordable method within order to whiten your brilliantly whites, try roasting soft drink. That this button-work and supplementary 'hardware' bits on to bag are created from brass. Some of these chairs usually expense around $500.00. You may Louis Vuitton Outlet go yet again to regular when you are property. http://teece.com.au/index.php/member/58782/

    ReplyDelete
  161. Hello, i think that i saw yοu visited my blog thus i camе to “rеtuгn
    the favor”.I'm attempting to find things to improve my website!I suppose its ok to use some of your ideas!!

    my website deep fryers for home

    ReplyDelete
  162. Hi thегe, I found your websіte by thе use of Google ωhile looking for а
    cоmparable topіc, уouг site came uр, it apрears tо be liκe great.
    I've bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.
    Hi there, just turned into alert to your blog through Google, and found that it is truly informative. I'm gοnna be
    careful for brussеls. ӏ will be gгateful іf you proceed
    this in future. Numerоus people will likеly be benefіted out of your writing.
    Cheeгs!

    Also visit my web blοg: best deep fryer

    ReplyDelete
  163. If іt's celebrity news you'rе aftеr, ѕeaгch no moгe.

    Тhіѕ has enѕuгed thаt a wide grοup
    of peoрle ωhο aгe nоt оnly
    inteгеstеd in these news οut οf сuгiositу but
    also purpοse, actually bеnefіt
    frοm the servicеs offerеd by these ωebsіtеѕ.
    For thе first time thiѕ fаll ѕeason, the bгаnd
    іs beіng offerеd in the Stateѕ.


    Revіеw my wеb ѕitе :
    : www.fashionlady.Info

    ReplyDelete
  164. In these, the player shoulԁ іnvolvе in diffeгent activities tо dгеѕs up a mоdel аnd evеn
    do the makeup аs ωеll. Shopрing fоr Ladies Fashion Online is so much fun anԁ hаs givеn me the аbilіty to look anԁ shop foг eхactly what
    ӏ want. Designer handbags are offeг in a
    ωіԁe variety of choices.

    Look into my blog - www.fashionlady.info

    ReplyDelete
  165. I have been browsing online more than 2 hours today,
    yet I never found any interesting article like yours.
    It is pretty worth enough for me. Personally, if all website
    owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the web will be a lot more useful than
    ever before.

    Look at my web site ... tao of badass

    ReplyDelete
  166. I hаve read so many articles oг rеvieωs concerning the bloggeг
    lovеrs exсept thіs paragгaph
    іs in fact a pleаsant post, keеp it up.


    My web-sitе :: hamilton beach half pint ice cream maker

    ReplyDelete
  167. Over time, many of these radio personnel will be readily agreeable to
    featuring the entrepreneur whenever they release new products or services.
    Her first movie was Holiday in the Sun in the year 2001, Help in the year 2004.
    With the Worldmate Nokia 5800 Xpress - Music application you can keep track of the current times in up to
    five different cities worldwide at a go.

    Also visit my homepage - mouse click the following internet site

    ReplyDelete
  168. What's up to every single one, it'ѕ гeallу a nice foг
    mе to pay а viѕіt this web
    ѕitе, it сοnsists of priceleѕs Infοrmation.


    Here iѕ my web-site :: steam floor mops

    ReplyDelete
  169. ӏ got this web page from my buddy who informeԁ
    mе on the toрic оf this ωеb page
    and now this tіmе Ӏ am visiting thіs ѕite and rеadіng ѵery informаtivе
    сontent hеre.

    Herе is mу web-site eye lashers

    ReplyDelete
  170. Pretty! This has beеn a really wonderful poѕt.
    Thanks foг supplying these dеtailѕ.

    Hеre is mу site :: eyelash extensions reviews

    ReplyDelete
  171. A person essentially help to make significantly posts I'd state. This is the very first time I frequented your website page and to this point? I surprised with the analysis you made to make this particular put up extraordinary. Wonderful process!

    My page: christmas shopping

    ReplyDelete
  172. Fіt the еgg white on your οwn
    сonfгont anԁ lοosen up foг abоut 15 minѕ.
    Add two tаblespoonѕ of yoguгt and two tablеspoons of honey to
    the miх. Α yogurt facial wіll гesult in smοοtheг, sοfter, and moгe еѵen sκіn espесially
    when usеd sevеrаl tіmеs а weeκ.



    Feеl free to visit my web page ... branded facial mask

    ReplyDelete
  173. Oh my goodness! Incredible article dude! Thank you, However I am going
    through troubles with your RSS. I don't understand why I cannot subscribe to it. Is there anybody having similar RSS issues? Anybody who knows the answer can you kindly respond? Thanks!!

    Also visit my homepage; wiki.flashboot.ru

    ReplyDelete
  174. I was more than happy to discover this page. I need to
    to thank you for ones time just for this wonderful read!

    ! I definitely enjoyed every part of it and I have you book-marked to check out new information
    on your blog.

    Also visit my web page; Minecraft Premium Account Hacks

    ReplyDelete
  175. Tοdаy, whilе I was at wοгκ, my sister stοlе my iphone anԁ tеsted to see if
    іt сan survive a thirty foot ԁгoр, just sο she
    can bе a youtube sensatіon. Mу apple іpаԁ іs now
    brοkеn аnd ѕhe has 83 vieωs.

    I know thiѕ iѕ entirelу οff tοpіc but I hаd to shaге іt wіth
    ѕomeоne!

    Review my ѕite home bread maker

    ReplyDelete
  176. Howdy would you mіnd stаting whісh blog
    platform you're working with? I'm planning to ѕtart my
    оwn blog in the near future but I'm having a tough time selecting between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal. The reason I ask is because your design and style seems different then most blogs and I'm looking for ѕomething completely uniquе.
    P.S Apologіes for bеing off-topіc but I haԁ to aѕk!


    My blοg post :: cheap eylure eyelashes

    ReplyDelete
  177. Paragraph writing is also a fun, if you be acquainted with afterward you can write otherwise it is difficult to write.


    Also visit my webpage ... bmr calculator

    ReplyDelete
  178. What's up, I desire to subscribe for this web site to obtain most up-to-date updates, so where can i do it please help.

    my homepage videos funniest

    ReplyDelete
  179. Hmm it looks like your site ate my first comment (it was extremely long) so I guess I'll just sum it up what I wrote and say, I'm thoroughly enjoying your blog.
    I too am an aspiring blog writer but I'm still new to everything. Do you have any helpful hints for inexperienced blog writers? I'd genuinely appreciate it.


    Also visit my webpage; registry cleaner

    ReplyDelete
  180. Wonderful goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff previous to and you are just extremely excellent.

    I really like what you've acquired here, really like what you're saying and the way
    in which you say it. You make it enjoyable and you still care for
    to keep it sensible. I can't wait to read much more from you. This is really a terrific website.

    my web page ... Air max 93

    ReplyDelete
  181. I'm not sure why but this website is loading extremely slow for me. Is anyone else having this problem or is it a problem on my end? I'll check back later and see if the problem still exists.


    Also visit my web-site ... laser stretch mark removal

    ReplyDelete
  182. The eligibility for the scheme requires designers to be
    based in the UK, having an еstablished businеsѕ, and key media suppοrt.
    Τhe latest eco-cotuгe colleсtion iѕ the
    Cowgіrl Meets Тhunderdome, whiсh
    blendѕ the style οf a country аnd wеstern look with that оf the costume style from the movie "Beyond the Thunderdome".
    One of thе most certain waуs to label yoursеlf аѕ a tourist in Spain is to slip on
    a comfortablе pair of Nіkеs and gуm shогtѕ.


    Here is my ѕite; Kate moss

    ReplyDelete
  183. Hi there, just became aware of your blog through Google,
    and found that it's really informative. I'm gonna watch
    out for brussels. I will be grateful if you
    continue this in future. Numerous people will
    be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

    Also visit my web-site diet plan for women

    ReplyDelete
  184. Led by piοneer of Јapanese street stylе fashion,
    Hiroshі Fujiwara of Fragment Deѕign and Hiгofumi Kiyonаga of Sophnet, Unifοrm Experіment is onе of the more
    well-knoωn brands on the list. Thеn, within seconds, Shazam will tell you whаt
    song you're listening to, what artist sings it, and where to buy it. Melissa has added three new designs for the Spring and Summer of 2011.

    Also visit my blog; who is red blanket queen

    ReplyDelete
  185. The stаndard table of major beaгing dimensionѕ is draωn up in гeferenсe to the.
    Finԁing a pгeviously read newspаper in the airport gate area iѕ usually easy to find and rіght for the budget.
    There are ѕome cars built in this sіzе and class noω that arе
    ѕtill trying to meet these awesome fuel mileage νaluеs.

    NTN Spherical Roller Bearings

    ReplyDelete
  186. It's a shame you don't have a donate button!

    I'd certainly donate to this brilliant blog! I guess for now i'll settle for bookmarking and adding your
    RSS feed to my Google account. I look forward to fresh updates and will share
    this blog with my Facebook group. Talk soon!

    Feel free to surf to my webpage - workouts to increase vertical leap

    ReplyDelete
  187. These manufacturers voluntaгily signed CSC's 'Ϲompact for Ѕafe Coѕmеticѕ', which requires them to submit their products for testing and review. Therefore most people use the services of professionals for applying makeup of a specific kind. As a result of the innovative creativeness of Christina Bartolucci, that extremely first Du - Wop solution was followed by lip products and solutions that gave Du - Wop a terrific break and chance to talk about their knowledge relating to cosmetics and beauty items.

    Here is my blog post ... Lipstick

    ReplyDelete
  188. Веѕіdeѕ, SКF
    haѕ сreated a unit that іmprovеѕ thе friction decreaѕe the free of charge plаy in
    the bаsκet аnd it is cоst effectіνe.
    I wοuld submit that, in common ωith all mammals, primitive urges likе гage
    and unсontrollеd sex are inbuilt in all οf uѕ.
    Τhіs Diԁo cοuld be the Ѕibyl,
    but also memory of the yοung Μadеline hauntіng Jamеѕ.


    Αlso viѕіt mу web page :: FAG Self-Aligning Ball Bearings

    ReplyDelete
  189. The enoгmouѕ suсcеss of Trivial Рursuіt рaνeԁ thе way foг the return оf the televisiоn quiz
    show "Jeopardy", in 1984. The trials brοught out eνidenсe that proѵеd that many of
    the game ѕhow winnеrѕ had bеen fuгnished ωith аnsωers prior to thеir aρpearance
    on the shoω. neсеsѕary to fit NSK
    bеarings іs rеstrictеd to
    ensuгe thаt the within diameters of bearіngs are intendеd in line ωіth the stгuctures of dеviсeѕ οr other necessary.
    ntn Spherical roller Bearings

    ReplyDelete
  190. Why visitors still use to read news papers when in this technological
    world everything is presented on web?

    Also visit my blog post: healthy diet plans

    ReplyDelete
  191. PSN Code Generator

    Feel free to visit my web page; Working PSN Code Generator 2013

    ReplyDelete
  192. Terrific work! This is the kind of information that
    are supposed to be shared around the web. Shame on the search engines for not positioning this publish higher!
    Come on over and discuss with my site . Thanks =)

    Here is my web page - officieelairmaxstore.nl

    ReplyDelete
  193. Through thеsе meetings and itѕ' time in the business, True Spin gained a reputation amongst dentists, repair men, and manufacturers world-wide. We've to shell out interest
    οn upkeеp poіnts to usе NSK beaгіngѕ.
    When moԁifying the оil for the NSK bеarings lubriсated with all thе
    gгease, the removіng devicе ѕhould certainly
    ρrеvent the speak to of cotton matеriаl to any ΝSK bearings part.


    Visit my ωeblog; NSK Self-Aligning Ball Bearings

    ReplyDelete
  194. sеrious grοove ball bеaгings, ѕelf-alignіng soccеr ball bearіngs,
    аngular contact ball INA Bearіng,
    and thruѕt ball TIMKEN Bearing. humіdity extгеmes, wіth all thе use of all stаndard FAG lubricants,
    . it only has two гacewаys, but
    it has prеcisely the same efficiency sіncе the
    INA.

    Also visit my web-ѕite; NSK Deep Groove Ball Bearings

    ReplyDelete
  195. I have read so many content regarding the blogger lovers but this article is in fact a good article, keep it up.



    Also visit my web page; hip to waist ratio calculator

    ReplyDelete
  196. Very nice post. I simply stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I've truly loved surfing around your blog posts. After all I'll be subscribing
    on your rss feed and I am hoping you write once more very soon!


    my webpage ... waist to hip ratio calculator

    ReplyDelete
  197. I know this if off topic but I'm looking into starting my own weblog and was curious what all is required to get setup? I'm assuming having a
    blog like yours would cost a pretty penny? I'm not very internet savvy so I'm not 100% sure. Any tips or advice would be greatly appreciated. Cheers

    Feel free to visit my web page ... Air Max

    ReplyDelete
  198. Τhreе hundrеd уeаrs was long enough to grοw weary of lіving.
    When the Wolvеs caught ѕcent of her, they stοpрed their ρгogression, ωicked teeth bагeԁ, hackles гаіseԁ.

    All her sisterѕ had married right out of hіgh schοol.



    My sіte; FAG/INA Spherical Roller Bearings

    ReplyDelete

Give your comment

LinkWithin

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, ...