Wednesday, December 15, 2010

ANNA UNIVERSITY CHENNAI : : CHENNAI – 600 025 AFFILIATED INSTITUTIONS B.E. (8 SEMESTER) BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING CURRICULUM – R 2008 (Common to all branches of B.E. / B.Tech Programmes

14
ANNA UNIVERSITY CHENNAI : : CHENNAI – 600 025
AFFILIATED INSTITUTIONS
B.E. (8 SEMESTER) BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING
CURRICULUM – R 2008
(Common to all branches of B.E. / B.Tech Programmes
SEMESTER VI
(Applicable to the students admitted from the Academic year 2008–2009 onwards)
CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C
THEORY
BM2351 Radiological Equipment 3 0 0 3
BM2352 Biomechanics 3 0 0 3
BM2353 Diagnostic and Therapeutic Equipment II 3 0 0 3
CS2361 Internet and Java 3 0 0 3
Elective I 3 0 0 3
Elective II 3 0 0 3
PRACTICAL
BM2356 Digital Signal Processing Lab 0 0 3 2
CS2362 Internet and Java programming Lab 0 0 3 2
BM2355 Diagnostic and Therapeutic Equipment Lab 0 0 3 2
TOTAL 18 0 9 24
SEMESTER VII
(Applicable to the students admitted from the Academic year 2008–2009 onwards)
CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C
THEORY
BM2401 Pattern Recognition and Neural Networks 3 0 0 3
BM2402 Medical Informatics 3 0 0 3
BM2403 Medical Optics 3 0 0 3
BM2404 Digital Image Processing 3 0 0 3
Elective III 3 0 0 3
Elective IV 3 0 0 3
PRACTICAL
BM2405 Hospital Training 0 0 4 2
BM2406 Digital Image Processing Lab 0 0 3 2
TOTAL 18 0 7 22
15
SEMESTER VIII
(Applicable to the students admitted from the Academic year 2008–2009 onwards)
CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C
THEORY
Elective IV 3 0 0 3
Elective V 3 0 0 3
PRACTICAL
BM2451 Project Work 0 0 12 6
TOTAL 6 0 12 12
LIST OF ELECTIVES
SEMESTER VI – Elective I
CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C
BM2021 Bio Fluids and Dynamics 3 0 0 3
BM2022 Biometric Systems 3 0 0 3
EC2303 Computer Architecture and Organization 3 0 0 3
SEMESTER VI – Elective II
CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C
CS2068 Data Structures and Object Oriented Programming 3 0 0 3
GE2071 Intellectual Property Rights 3 0 0 3
GE2072 Indian Constitution and Society 3 0 0 3
SEMESTER VII - Elective III
CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C
BM2023 Physiological Modeling 3 0 0 3
BM2024 Bio Informatics 3 0 0 3
GE2022 Total Quality Management 3 0 0 3
EC2038 Nano Electronics 3 0 0 3
16
SEMESTER VII - Elective IV
CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C
EC2352 Computer Networks 3 0 0 3
CS2069 Computer Hardware, Interfacing and
Instrumentation
3 0 0 3
BM2027 Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning 3 0 0 3
SEMESTER VIII - Elective V
CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C
BM2029 Bio MEMS 3 0 0 3
BM2025 Assist Devices 3 0 0 3
EC2354 VLSI Design 3 0 0 3
GE2021 Professional Ethics in Engineering 3 0 0 3
SEMESTER VIII - Elective VI
CODE NO. COURSE TITLE L T P C
BM2026 Medical Imaging Techniques 3 0 0 3
CS2053 Soft Computing 3 0 0 3
BM2028 Rapid Prototyping 3 0 0 3
17
BM2351 RADIOLOGICAL EQUIPMENT L T P C
3 0 0 3
AIM
To get the clear understanding of X-ray generation and radio isotopes and various
techniques used for visualizing organs in detail.
OBJECTIVES
To study the functioning of X-ray tubes and scattered radiation and method by which
fogginess can be reduced.
To study the different types radio diagnostic unit.
To know the techniques to visualize opaque, transparent organs.
To study the special techniques adopted to visualize different sections of any organ.
UNIT I MEDICAL X-RAY EQUIPMENT 9
Nature of X-Rays - X-ray Absorption - Tissue Contrast. X-Ray Equipment (Block
Diagram) – X-ray Tube, the collimator, Bucky Grid, power supply. Digital Radiography -
discrete digital detectors, storage phosphor and film Scanning. X-Ray Image intensifier
tubes - Fluoroscopy – Digital Fluoroscopy. Angiography, Cine angiography. Digital
Subtraction Angiography. Mammography.
UNIT II COMPUTER TOMOGRAPHY 9
Principles of Tomography - First to Fourth generation scanners – Image reconstruction
technique- Back projection and Iterative method. Spiral CT Scanning - Ultra fast CT
Scanners- X-Ray Sources – Collimation – X-Ray Detectors – Viewing System.
UNIT III MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING 9
Fundamentals of Magnetic Resonance- Interaction of nuclei with static Magnetic Field
and Radio frequency wave – Rotation and Precession –induction of a magnetic
resonance signal – bulk Magnetization – Relaxation Processes T1 and T2. Block
diagram approach of MRI system- System Magnet (Permanent, Electromagnet and
super conductors) , generation of Gradient magnetic Fields , Radio Frequency coils
(sending and receiving) Shim coils, Electronic components.
UNIT IV NUCLEAR MEDICINE SYSTEMS 9
Radio isotopes- alpha, beta and gamma radiations. Radio pharmaceuticals.Radiation
detectors - Gas Filled, ionization Chambers, proportional counter, GM counter and
Scintillation Detectors. Gamma Camera- Principle of operation, Collimator, Photo
multiplier tube, X-Y Positioning Circuit, Pulse height Analyzer. Principles of SPECT
and PET.
UNIT V RADIATION THERAPY AND RADIATION SAFETY 9
Radiation therapy-Linear accelerator, betatron, cesium and cobalt .Radiation Protection
in Medicine –Radiation Protection principles, Radiation measuring instruments-
Dosimeter, film Badges, Thermo luminescent dosimeters – Electronic dosimeter- ICRP
regulation Practical reduction of dose to staff and visitors.
TOTAL = 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS
1. Steve webb, Physics of Medical Imaging, , Taylor and Francis, 1988.
2. R. Hendee and Russell Ritenour “Medical Imaging Physics”–William,Wiley, Fourth
Edition 2002.
18
REFERENCE BOOKS
1. Physics and Radiobiology of Nuclear Medicine –Third edition – Gopal B.Saha –
Publisher – Springer, 2006.
2. Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering –B.H Brown , PV Lawford, R H Small
wood , D R Hose , D C Barber , CRC Press, 1999.
3. Standard handbook of Biomedical Engineering and Design – Myer Kutz Publisher –
McGraw – Hill, 2003.
4. P.Raghunathan, “Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Spectroscopy in Medicine”
Concepts and Techniques, Orient Longman, 2007.
BM 2352 BIOMECHANICS L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I INTRODUCTION 9
Scope of mechanics in medicine, mechanics of bone structure, determination of in-vivo
elastic modulus. Biofluid mechanics, flow properties of blood.
UNIT II MECHANICS OF PHYSIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS 9
Heart valves, power developed by the heart, prosthetic valves. Constitutive equations
for soft tissues, dynamics of fluid flow in cardiovascular system and effect of vibration -
shear stresses in extra-corporal circuits.
UNIT III ORTHOPAEDIC MECHANICS 9
Mechanical properties of cartilage, diffusion properties of articular cartilage, mechanical
properties of bone, kinetics and kinematics of joints, Lubrication of joints.
UNIT IV MATHEMATICAL MODELS 9
Introduction to Finite Element Analysis, Mathematical models - pulse wave velocities in
arteries, determination of in-vivo elasticity of blood vessel, dynamics of fluid filled
catheters.
UNIT V ORTHOPAEDIC APPLICATIONS 9
Dynamics and analysis of human locomotion - Gait analysis (determination of
instantaneous joint reaction analysis), occupant response to vehicular vibration.
Mechanics of knee joint during standing and walking.
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Dhanjoo N. Ghista, “Bio-mechanics of Medical Devices”, Marcel Dekker, 1980.
2. Haufred Clynes, “Bio-medical Engineering Systems”, McGraw Hill, 1998.
REFERENCES
1. Y.C. Fung, “Bio-Mechanics- Mechanical Properties of Tissues”, Springer-Verlag,
1998.
2. Dhanjoo N. Ghista, “Orthopaedic Mechanics”, Academic Press, 1990.
19
BM2353 DIAGNOSTIC AND THERAPEUTIC EQUIPMENTS-II L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I ULTRASONIC TECHNIQUE 9
Diagnosis: Basic principles of Echo technique, display techniques A, B and M mode,
Application of ultrasound as diagnostic tool – Echocardiogram, abdomen, obstetrics and
gynaecology, ophthalmology.
UNIT II PATIENT MONITORING AND BIOTELEMETRY 9
ICU/CCU Equipments, Infusion pumps, bed side monitors, Central consoling controls.
Radio Telemetry (single, multi), Portable and Landline Telemetry unit, Applications in
ECG and EEG Transmission.
UNIT III DIATHERMY 9
IR and UV lamp and its application. Thermography – Recording and clinical application.
Short wave diathermy, ultrasonic diathermy, Microwave diathermy, Electro surgery
machine - Current waveforms, Tissue Responses, Electro surgical current level.
UNIT IV EXTRA CORPOREAL DEVICES AND
SPECIAL DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES 9
Need for heart lung machine, functioning of bubble, disc type and membrane type
oxygenerators, finger pump, roller pump, electronic monitoring of functional parameter.
Haemo Dialyser unit , Lithotripsy, Principles of Cryogenic technique and application,
Endoscopy, Laproscopy.
UNIT V PATIENT SAFETY 9
Physiological effects of electricity – important susceptibility parameters – Macro shock –
Micro shock hazards – Patient’s electrical environment – Isolated Power system –
Conductive surfaces – Electrical safety codes and standards – Basic Approaches to
protection against shock, Protection equipment design, Electrical safety analyzer –
Testing the Electric system
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOK
1. Leslie Cromwell, “Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurement”, Prentice Hall of
India, New Delhi, 2007
2. John G. Webster, “Medical Instrumentation Application and Design”, John Willey and
sons, 2002
3. Joseph J. Carr and John M. Brown, “Introduction to Biomedical equipment
technology”, John Willey and sons, New York, 1997
REFERENCE BOOKS
1. Principles of Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurement” – Richard Aston, Merril
Publishing Company, 1990.
2. Principles of Applied Biomedical Instrumentation L.A Geddas and L.E.Baker – 2004.
3. John G. Webster, Bioinstrumentation”, John Willey and sons, New York, 2004.
4. Khandpur R.S, “Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation”, Tata McGraw- Hill, New
Delhi, 2003.
5. Standard Handbook of Biomedical Engineering & Design – Myer Kutz
6. McGraw-Hill Publisher, 2003.
20
CS2361 INTERNET AND JAVA L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I WORLD WIDE WEB 9
HTTP protocol, Web browsers Netscape, Internet explorer, Web site and web page
design,XHTML, Dynamic HTML, CSS.
UNIT II JAVASCRIPT PROGRAMMING 9
Introduction, Control statements, Functions, Arrays and Objects.
UNIT III 9
Micromedia Dream Weaver, XML, Web Servers, Databases – SQL, MYSQL, DBI and
ADO.NET
UNIT IV JAVA PROGRAMMING 9
Language features, Classes, Object and methods. Sub-classing and dynamic binding,
Multithreading, Overview of class library, Object method serialization, Remote method
invocation, Java Servelets and Javaserver pages.
UNIT V WEB DESIGN AND MEDICAL STANDARDS 9
Web Design case studies – Design and development of Dynamic Hospital Information
System Web sites using Macromedia Dreamweaver, Java, XML, Javascript,
Programming Techniques. HL7 Standards, DICOM standards.
TOTAL=45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Deitel, Internet and World Wide Web, Pearson Education / PHI, 2007
2. Deitel, “Java How to Program”, Pearson Education / PHI, 2006.
3. Herbert Schildt, The complete Reference JAVA 2, Fifth Edition, Tata McGRaw Hill
Publishing Com.Ltd, New Delhi.
4. Achyut S Godbole and Atul Kahate, Web Technologies, TCP / IP to Internet
Application Architecture, TMH, 2007.
REFERENCES:
1. Margaret Levine Young, “Internet The Complete Reference”, Tata McGraw Hill,
1999.
2. Cay S. Horstmann & Gary Cornell, Core Javatm Volume – I & II, Pearson Education,
2006.
3. Balagurusamy.E.`Programming with Java, A premier` Second Edition, Tata McGraw
Hill,2006
BM2356 DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING LAB L T P C
0 0 3 2
MATLAB / Equivalent Software Package(30% of the course)
1. Generation of sequences (functional & random), correlation and convolution
2. Spectrum Analysis using FFT
3. Filter Design & Analysis
4. Filter Implementation in time-domain & frequency domain
5. Study of Quantization errors in DSP algorithms
6. Multirate Filters
7. Adaptive filter
8. Equalization
9. Echo Cancellation
21
DSP Processor Implementation (70% of the course)
1. Waveform Generation
2. FIR Implementation
3. IIR Implementation
4. FFT
5. Finite word Length effect
6. Multirate filters
TOTAL=45 PERIODS
CS2362 INTERNET AND JAVA PROGRAMMING LABORATORY L T P C
0 0 3 2
1. Programs using basic elements and design of Web pages, hyperlinks and web
navigation using HTML, XHTML and CSS.
2. Java script programs using control statements, functions, arrays and objects and
applications in web environment
3. Macromedia Dreamweaver platform to design and develop web pages, insert images
and links into web pages, create XHTML elements to be able insert script into
Dreamweaver pages and site management
4. Programs relating to relational database model, database queries using SQL,
MYSQL database server and interfaces
5. Design a Java interface for ADT Stack. Develop two different classes that implement
this interface, one using array and the other using linked-list. Provide necessary
exception handling in both the implementations.
6. Design a Vehicle class hierarchy in Java. Write a test program to demonstrate
polymorphism.
7. Design classes for Currency, Rupee, and Dollar. Write a program that randomly
generates Rupee and Dollar objects and write them into a file using object
serialization. Write another program to read that file, convert to Rupee if it reads a
Dollar, while leave the value as it is if it reads a Rupee.
8. Design a scientific calculator using event-driven programming paradigm of Java.
9. Write a multi-threaded Java program to print all numbers below 100,000 that are
both prime and fibonacci number (some examples are 2, 3, 5, 13, etc.). Design a
thread that generates prime numbers below 100,000 and writes them into a pipe.
Design another thread that generates fibonacci numbers and writes them to another
pipe. The main thread should read both the pipes to identify numbers common to
both.
10. Design and development of a web based dynamic Hospital Information System
TOTAL=45 PERIODS
BM2355 DIAGNOSTIC AND THERAPEUTIC EQUIPMENT LAB L T P C
0 0 3 2
Recording and analysis of ECG signals
Recording and analysis of EEG signals.
Recording - Fatigue test of EMG signals.
Simulation of ECG – detection of QRS complex and heart rate
Study of Pacemaker simulator
Study of Defibrillator simulator
22
Study of shortwave and ultrasonic diathermy.
Study of biotelemetry
Electrical safety measurements.
Mini project.
TOTAL=45 PERIODS
BM2401 PATTERN RECOGNITION AND NEURAL NETWORKS L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I INTRODUCTION AND SIMPLE NEURAL NET 9
Elementary neurophysiology and biological neural network-Artificial neural network –
Architecture, biases and thresholds, Hebb net, Perceptron, Adaline and Madaline.
UNIT II BACK PROPOGATION AND ASSOCIATIVE MEMORY 9
Back propogation network, generalized delta rule, Bidirectional Associative memory,
Hopefield network
UNIT III NEURAL NETWORKS BASED ON COMPETITION 9
Kohonen Self organising map, Learning Vector Quantisation, counter propogation
network.
UNIT IV UNSUPERVISED LEARNING AND CLUSTERING ANALYSIS 9
Patterns and features, training and learning in pattern recognition, discriminant functions,
different types of pattern recognition. Unsupervised learning- hierarchical clustering,
partitional clustering. Neural pattern recognition approach – perceptron model
UNIT V SUPERVISED LEARNING USING PARAMETRIC AND
NON PARAMETRIC APPROACH 9
Bayesian classifier, non parametric density estimation, histograms, kernels, window
estimators, k-nearest neighbour classifier , estimation of error rates.
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Hagan, Demuth and Beale, “Neural network design”, Vikas Publishing
2. House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi , 2002
3. Freeman J.A., and Skapura B.M, " Neural networks, algorithms, applications and
programming techniques”, Addison – Wesley,2003
4. Duda R.O, Hart P.G, “Pattern classification and scene analysis”, Wiley Edition,2000
5. Earl Gose, Richard Johnsonbaugh, Steve Jost, “Pattern Recognition and Image
Analysis”, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 1999.
REFERENCES:
1. Robert Schalkoff, “ Pattern recognition, Statistical, Structural and neural approaches”
John Wiley and Sons(Asia) Pte. Ltd., Singapore, 2005
2. Laurene Fausett ,” Fundamentals of neural networks – Architectures, algorithms and
applications”, Prentice Hall, 1994.
23
BM2402 MEDICAL INFORMATICS L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I MEDICAL INFORMATICS 9
Introduction - Structure of Medical Informatics –Internet and Medicine -Security issues ,
Computer based medical information retrieval, Hospital management and information
system, Functional capabilities of a computerized HIS, e-health services, Health
Informatics – Medical Informatics, Bioinformatics
UNIT II COMPUTERISED PATIENT RECORD 9
Introduction - History taking by computer, Dialogue with the computer, Components and
functionality of CPR, Development tools, Intranet, CPR in Radiology- Application server
provider, Clinical information system, Computerized prescriptions for patients.
UNIT III COMPUTERS IN CLINICAL LABORATORY
AND MEDICAL IMAGING 9
Automated clinical laboratories-Automated methods in hematology, cytology and
histology, Intelligent Laboratory Information System - Computerized ECG, EEG and
EMG, Computer assisted medical imaging- nuclear medicine, ultrasound imaging
ultrasonography-computed X-ray tomography, Radiation therapy and planning,
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
UNIT IV COMPUTER ASSISTED MEDICAL DECISION-MAKING 9
Neuro computers and Artificial Neural Networks application, Expert system - General
model of CMD, Computer –assisted decision support system-production rule systemcognitive
model, semester networks , decisions analysis in clinical medicine-computers
in the care of critically patients-computer assisted surgery-designing
UNIT V RECENT TRENDS IN MEDICAL INFORMATICS 9
Virtual reality applications in medicine, Computer assisted surgery , Surgical simulation ,
Telemedicine - Tele surgery computer aids for the handicapped, computer assisted
instrumentation in Medical Informatics - Computer assisted patient education and health
- Medical education and health care information.
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. 1.R.D.Lele Computers in medicine progress in medical informatics, Tata Mcgraw Hill
Publishing computers Ltd,2005, New Delhi.
2. Mohan Bansal, Medicl informatics Tata Mcgraw Hill Publishing computers Ltd,
2003 New Delhi.
BM2403 MEDICAL OPTICS L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE TISSUES 9
Refraction, Scattering, absorption, light transport inside the tissue, tissue properties,
Light interaction with tissues, optothermal interaction, fluorescence, speckles.
UNIT II INSTRUMENTATION IN PHOTONICS 9
Instrumentation for absorption, scattering and emission measurements, excitation light
sources – high pressure arc lamp, solid state LEDs, Lasers, optical filters, polarizer, solid
state detectors, time resolved and phase resolved detectors.
24
UNIT III APPLICATIONS OF LASERS 9
Laser in tissue welding, lasers in dermatology, lasers in ophthalmology, otolaryngology,
urology.
UNIT IV OPTICAL TOMOGRAPHY 9
Optical coherence tomography, Elastrography, Doppler optical coherence tomography,
Application towards clinical imaging.
UNIT V SPECIAL OPTICAL TECHNIQUES 9
Near field imaging of biological structures, in vitro clinical diagnostic, fluorescent
spectroscopy, photodynamic therapy.
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Tuan Vo Dirh, “Biomedical photonics – Handbook”, CRC Press, Bocaraton, 2003.
2. Mark E. Brezinski., Optical Coherence Tomography: Principles and
Applications,Academic Press, 2006.
REFERENCES:
1. Leon Goldman, M.D., & R. James Rockwell, Jr., “Lasers in Medicine”, Gordon and
Breach, Science Publishers Inc., New York, 1971.
2. R. Splinter and B.A Hooper, An Introduction to BioMedical Optics,Taylor and
Francis,2007.
BM2404 DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING L T P C
3 0 0 3
AIM
To study the image processing techniques
OBJECTIVES
 To study the image fundamentals and image transforms
 To study the image enhancement techniques
 To study the image restoration procedures
 To study the image compression procedures
UNIT I DIGITAL IMAGE FUNDAMENTAL 9
Elements of digital image processing systems - Elements of visual perception – image
sampling and quantization – basic relationships between pixels - matrix and singular
value representation of discrete images.
UNIT II IMAGE TRANSFORMS 9
1-D DFT - 2-D DFT – DCT – DST – Walsh - Hadamard – Haar – Slant – KL – SVD and
their properties.
UNIT III IMAGE ENHANCEMENT 9
Gray level transformation – Histogram processing – enhancement using arithmetic/logic
operation – spatial filtering – smoothening and sharpening spatial filter – smoothening in
frequency domain filter – homomorphic filtering
UNIT IV IMAGE RESTORATION AND RECOGNITION 9
Image degradation models – unconstrained and constrained restoration – inverse
filtering – LMS filter – geometric mean filter – geometric transformation – pattern classes
– optimal statistical classifier – neural networks and its uses in image processing.
25
UNIT V IMAGE COMPRESSION 9
Image compression models – elements of information theory – error free compression –
lossy compression – run-length – Huffman coding – shift codes – arithmetic coding – bit
plane coding – transform coding – JPEG standards – MPEG standards - wavelet
transform – predictive techniques – block truncation coding schemes – facet modeling.
Image segmentation – detection of discontinuities – edge linking and boundary detection
– thresholding – region based segmentation – segmentation by morphological
watersheds – use of motion in segmentation.
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOK:
1. Rafel C. Gonzalez and Richard E. Woods, “Digital Image Processing" Pearson
education, 2007.
2. Anil K. Jain, “Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing”, PHI, 1997
REFERENCES:
1. Willian K. Pratt, “Digital Image Processing”, John Wiley, NJ, 1987.
2. Sid Ahmed M. A., “Image Processing Theory, Algorithm and Architectures”, McGraw
Hill, 1995
3. Scott E. C. Umbaugh, “Computer Vision and Image Processing”, Prentice Hall,
Eaglewood Cliffs, NJ, 1998.
BM2406 DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING LAB L T P C
0 0 3 2 1. Display of Grayscale Images.
2. Histogram Equalization.
3. Non-linear Filtering.
4. Edge detection using Operators.
5. 2-D DFT and DCT.
6. Filtering in frequency domain.
7. Display of color images.
8. conversion between color spaces.
9. DWT of images.
10. Segmentation using watershed transform.
TOTAL:45 PERIODS
REFERENCE:
1. Rafael C. Gonzalez, Richard E. Woods, Steven Eddins,' Digital Image Processing
using MATLAB', Pearson Education, Inc., 2004.
LIST OF EQUIPMENTS:
Computer, Software MATLAB
26
BM2021 BIOFLUIDS AND DYNAMICS L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I 10
BIO-FLUID MECHANICS: Newton’s laws, Stress, Strain, Elasticity, Hooks-law, viscosity,
Newtonian fluid, Non-Newtonian fluid, Viscoelastic fluids, vascular tree, Relationship
between diameter, velocity and pressure of blood flow, Resistance against flow.
BIOVISCOELASTIC FLUID: Viscoelasticity - Viscoelastic models, Maxwell, Voigt and
Kelvin Models, Response to Harmonic variation, Use of viscoelastic models, Bio-
Viscoelastic fluids: Protoplasm, Mucus, Saliva, Synovial fluids.
UNIT II 10
FLOW PROPERTIES OF BLOOD: Physical, Chemical and Rheological properties of
blood. Apparent and relative viscosity, Blood viscosity variation: Effect of shear rate,
hematocrit, temperature, protein contents of blood. Casson’s equation, Problems
associated with extracorporeal blood flow. RHEOLOGY OF BLOOD IN
MICROVESSELS: Fahraeus -Lindquist effect and inverse effect, distribution of
suspended particles in a narrow rigid tube. Nature of red blood cells in tightly fitting
tubes, hematocrit in very narrow tube.
UNIT III 9
CARDIAC MECHANICS: Cardiovascular system. Mechanical properties of blood
vessels: arteries, arterioles, capillaries and veins. Blood flow: Laminar and
Turbulent, Physics of cardiovascular diseases, Prosthetic heart valves and
replacements. RESPIRATORY MECHANICS: Alveoli mechanics, Interaction of Blood
and Lung P-V curve of Lung: Breathing mechanism, Airway resistance, Physics of Lung
diseases.
UNITIV 8
SOFT TISSUE MECHANICS: Pseudo elasticity, non-linear stress-strain relationship,
Viscoelasticity, Structure, function and mechanical properties of skin, ligaments and
tendons.
UNIT V 8
ORTHOPEDIC MECHANICS: Mechanical properties of cartilage, diffusion properties of
Articular cartilage, mechanical properties of bone, kinetics and kinematics of joints,
lubrication of joints.
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Y.C Fung, Biomechanics- Mechanical properties of living tissues,2nd ed, Springer-
Verlag, 1993.
2. D.O Cooney, Biomedical engineering Principles. Marcel Dekker, INC New
York.1976.
REFERENCES:
1. Silver Frederick H. Biomaterials, Medical Devices & Tissue Engineering: Chapman &
Hall, London, 1994
2. Biomechanics by Nihanth ozkai,
3. D.A Mc Donald, Blood flow in arteries, Edward Arnold ltd, 1998.
27
BM 2022 BIOMETRIC SYSTEMS L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I BIOMETRIC FUNDAMENTALS 9
Key Biometric terms and Processes – Definitions-verification and identification –
matching, Accuracy in Biometric Systems – False match rate - False nonmatch rate -
Failure to enroll rate – Derived metrics - An Introduction to Biometric Authentication
Systems- a taxonomy of application environment, a system model, biometrics and
privacy.
UNIT II FINGERPRINT IDENTIFICATION TECHNOLOGY 9
History, Components, Application of Fingerprints, The Technology- Finger Scan
Strengths and Weaknesses, Criminal Applications, Civil Applications, Commercial
Applications, Technology Evaluation of Fingerprint Verification Algorithms.
UNIT III IRIS RECOGNITION 9
Introduction, Anatomical and Physiological underpinnings, Components, Sensing, Iris
Scan Representation and Matching, Iris Scan Strengths and Weaknesses, System
Performance, Future Directions.
UNIT IV FACE RECOGNITION 9
Introduction, components, Facial Scan Technologies, Face Detection, Face Recognition-
Representation and Classification, Kernel- based Methods and 3D Models, Learning the
Face Spare, Facial Scan Strengths and Weaknesses, Methods for assessing progress in
Face Recognition.
UNIT V VOICE SCAN 9
Introduction, Components, Features and Models, Addition Method for managing
Variability, Measuring Performance, Alternative Approaches, Voice Scan Strengths and
Weaknesses, NIST Speaker Recognition Evaluation Program, Biometric System
Integration.
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOK:
1. 1.James Wayman & Anil Jain, Biometric Systems – Technology, Design and
Performance Evaluation, Springer-verlag London Ltd, USA, 2005
2. 2.Sanir Nanavati, Michael Thieme, Biometrics Identity Verification in a Networked
world, Wiley Computer Publishing Ltd, New Delhi,2003.
REFERENCE:
1. John D. Woodword Jr., Biometrics, Dreamtech Press, New Delhi,2003.
CS2068 DATA STRUCTURES AND OBJECT L T P C
ORIENTED PROGRAMMING 3 0 0 3
UNIT I PRINCIPLES OF OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING 9
Introduction- Tokens-Expressions-contour Structures –Functions in C++, classes and
objects, constructors and destructors ,operators overloading and type conversions .
UNIT II ADVANCED OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING 9
Inheritance, Extending classes, Pointers, Virtual functions and polymorphism, File
Handling Templates ,Exception handling, Manipulating strings.
28
UNIT III DATA STRUCTURES & ALGORITHMS 9
Algorithm, Analysis, Lists, Stacks and queues, Priority queues-Binary Heap-Application,
Heaps, skew heaps, Binomial –hashing-hash tables without linked lists
UNIT IV NONLINEAR DATA STRUCTURES 9
Trees-Binary trees, search tree ADT, AVL trees splay Trees, B-trees, Sets and maps in
standard Library, Graph Algorithms-Topological sort, shortest path algorithm network
flow problems-minimum spanning tree applications of depth-first-search-Introduction to
NP - completeness.
UNIT V SORTING AND SEARCHING 9
Sorting – Insertion sort, Shell sort, Heap sort, Merge sort, Quick sort, Indirect sorting,
Bucket sort, External sorting, Disjoint set class, Algorithm Design Techniques –Greedy
algorithm, Divide and Conquer, Dynamic Programming, Randomized Algorithm, Back
tracking algorithm.
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Mark Allen Weiss, “Data Structures and Algorithm Analysis in C”, 3rd ed, Pearson
Education Asia, 2007.
2. E. Balagurusamy, “ Object Oriented Programming with C++”, McGraw Hill Company
Ltd., 2007.
REFERENCES:
1. Michael T. Goodrich, “Data Structures and Algorithm Analysis in C++”, Wiley student
edition, 2007.
2. Sahni, “Data Structures Using C++”, The McGraw-Hill, 2006
3. Sourav Sahay, object oriented programming with C++, Oxford University Press, New
Delhi,2006.
4. Seymour, “Data Structures”, The McGraw-Hill, 2007.
EC2303 COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE AND ORGANIZATION L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I INTRODUCTION 9
Computing and Computers, Evolution of Computers, VLSI Era, System Design- Register
Level, Processor Level, CPU Organization, Data Representation, Fixed – Point
Numbers, Floating Point Numbers, Instruction Formats, Instruction Types. Addressing
modes.
UNIT II DATA PATH DESIGN 9
Fixed Point Arithmetic, Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division, Combinational
and Sequential ALUs, Carry look ahead adder, Robertson algorithm, booth’s algorithm,
non-restoring division algorithm, Floating Point Arithmetic, Coprocessor, Pipeline
Processing, Pipeline Design, Modified booth’s Algorithm
UNIT III CONTROL DESIGN 9
Hardwired Control, Microprogrammed Control, Multiplier Control Unit, CPU Control Unit,
Pipeline Control, Instruction Pipelines, Pipeline Performance, Superscalar Processing,
Nano Programming.
29
UNIT IV MEMORY ORGANIZATION 9
Random Access Memories, Serial - Access Memories, RAM Interfaces, Magnetic
Surface Recording, Optical Memories, multilevel memories, Cache & Virtual Memory,
Memory Allocation, Associative Memory.
UNIT V SYSTEM ORGANIZATION 9
Communication methods, Buses, Bus Control, Bus Interfacing, Bus arbitration, IO and
system control, IO interface circuits, Handshaking, DMA and interrupts, vectored
interrupts, PCI interrupts, pipeline interrupts, IOP organization, operation systems,
multiprocessors, fault tolerance, RISC and CISC processors, Superscalar and vector
processor.
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOK:
1. John P.Hayes, ‘Computer architecture and Organisation’, Tata McGraw-Hill, Third
edition, 1998.
2. V.Carl Hamacher, Zvonko G. Varanesic and Safat G. Zaky, “ Computer
Organisation“, V edition, McGraw-Hill Inc, 1996.
REFERENCES:
1. Morris Mano, “Computer System Architecture”, Prentice-Hall of India, 2000.
2. Paraami, “Computer Architecture”, BEH R002, Oxford Press.
3. P.Pal Chaudhuri, , “Computer organization and design”, 2nd Ed., Prentice Hall
of India, 2007.
4. G.Kane & J.Heinrich, ‘ MIPS RISC Architecture ‘, Englewood cliffs, New
Jersey, Prentice Hall, 1992.
GE2071 INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS (IPR) L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I 9
Introduction – Invention and Creativity – Intellectual Property (IP) – Importance –
Protection of IPR – Basic types of property (i). Movable Property - Immovable Property
and - Intellectual Property.
UNIT II 9
IP – Patents – Copyrights and related rights – Trade Marks and rights arising from
Trademark registration – Definitions – Industrial Designs and Integrated circuits –
Protection of Geographical Indications at national and International levels – Application
Procedures..
UNIT III 9
International convention relating to Intellectual Property – Establishment of WIPO –
Mission and Activities – History – General Agreement on Trade and Tariff (GATT) –
TRIPS Agreement.
UNIT IV 9
Indian Position Vs WTO and Strategies – Indian IPR legislations – commitments to
WTO-Patent Ordinance and the Bill – Draft of a national Intellectual Property Policy –
Present against unfair competition.
30
UNIT V 9
Case Studies on – Patents (Basumati rice, turmeric, Neem, etc.) – Copyright and related
rights – Trade Marks – Industrial design and Integrated circuits – Geographic indications
– Protection against unfair competition.
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Subbaram N.R. “Handbook of Indian Patent Law and Practice “, S. Viswanathan
Printers and Publishers Pvt. Ltd., 1998.
REFERENCES:
1. Eli Whitney, United States Patent Number: 72X, Cotton Gin, March 14, 1794.
2. Intellectual Property Today: Volume 8, No. 5, May 2001, [www.iptoday.com].
3. Using the Internet for non-patent prior art searches, Derwent IP Matters, July 2000.
www.ipmatters.net/features/000707_gibbs.html.
GE2072 INDIAN CONSTITUTION AND SOCIETY L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I 9
Historical Background – Constituent Assembly of India – Philosophical foundations of
the Indian Constitution – Preamble – Fundamental Rights – Directive Principles of State
Policy – Fundamental Duties – Citizenship – Constitutional Remedies for citizens.
UNIT II 9
Union Government – Structures of the Union Government and Functions – President –
Vice President – Prime Minister – Cabinet – Parliament – Supreme Court of India –
Judicial Review.
UNIT III 9
State Government – Structure and Functions – Governor – Chief Minister – Cabinet –
State Legislature – Judicial System in States – High Courts and other Subordinate
Courts.
UNIT IV 9
Indian Federal System – Center – State Relations – President’s Rule – Constitutional
Amendments – Constitutional Functionaries - Assessment of working of the
Parliamentary System in India.
UNIT V 9
Society : Nature, Meaning and definition; Indian Social Structure; Caste, Religion,
Language in India; Constitutional Remedies for citizens – Political Parties and Pressure
Groups; Right of Women, Children and Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and
other Weaker Sections.
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Durga Das Basu, “ Introduction to the Constitution of India “, Prentice Hall of India,
New Delhi.
2. R.C.Agarwal, (1997) “Indian Political System”, S.Chand and Company, New Delhi.
3. Maciver and Page, “ Society: An Introduction Analysis “, Mac Milan India Ltd., New
Delhi.
4. K.L.Sharma, (1997) “Social Stratification in India: Issues and Themes”, Jawaharlal
Nehru University, New Delhi.
31
REFERENCES:
1. Sharma, Brij Kishore, “ Introduction to the Constitution of India:, Prentice Hall of
India, New Delhi.
2. U.R.Gahai, “Indian Political System “, New Academic Publishing House, Jalaendhar.
3. R.N. Sharma, “Indian Social Problems “, Media Promoters and Publishers
Pvt. Ltd.
BM2023 PHYSIOLOGICAL MODELLING L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I PROPERTIES OF SYSTEMS AND ELECTRICAL ANALOG 9
System concept, system properties – Resistance, storage, resistance – compliance,
piece-wise linear approximation, electrical analog for compliance, thermal storage, step
response of first order systems – resistance- compliance systems, and pulse response
of first order systems
UNIT II TRANSFER FUNCTIONS 9
Transfer functions and its use, Study of transfer function of first order and second order
systems, engineering concept in coupled system, example of Transformed signals.
UNIT III IMPEDANCE CONCEPT 9
Transfer functions with impedance concept, prediction of performance, identification of
the system from impedance function, periodic signals, relationship between transfer
function and sinusoidal response, evaluation of transfer function from frequency
response.
UNIT IV FEEDBACK SYSTEMS 9
Characteristics of physiological feedback systems, stability analysis of systems.
UNIT V SIMULATION OF BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS 9
Simulation of thermal regulation, pressure and flow control in circulation, occulo motor
system, endocrinal system, functioning of receptors.
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. William B.Blesser, “ System approach to Bio-medicine”, McGraw-Hill book co., New
York, 1969.
2. Manfred Clynes and John H.Milsum, “Bio-medical engineering system”, McGraw-Hill
book co., NewYork, 1970.
3. Michael C.K. Khoo,” Physiological Control Systems -Analysis, Simulation and
Estimation” Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2001
REFERENCE:
1. Douglas S. Rigg, “Control theory and physiological feedback mechanism”, The
William & Williams co., Baltimore, 1970.
32
BM2024 BIOINFORMATICS L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I BIOINFORMATICS 9
Introduction, Overview of structural Bioinforamtics ; Characteristics, Categories,
Navigation and information retrieval of Bioinformatics databases,
UNIT II DATABASES 9
Description and Organisation of Sequence, Structure and Other databases; Database
Warehousing and data mining in Bioinformatics.
UNIT III TOOLS 9
Need for tools, Knowledge discovery, Industry trends and data mining tools; Data
submission tools, Data analysis tools, Prediction tools and modeling tools.
UNIT IV MACHINE LEARNING IN BIOINFORMATICS 9
Neural network, Genetic and fuzzy logic applications in Bioinformaitcs; Modeling for
Bioinformatics – Hidden Markov, Comparative, probabilistic and molecular modeling
UNIT V ALGORITHMS 9
Classification algorithms, implementing algorithms , biological algorithms, bioinformatics
tasks and corresponding algorithms and algorithms and bioinformatics software; Data
analysis algorithms – Sequence comparison, Substitution matrices and sequence
alignment optimal algorithm; Prediction algorithms – Gene prediction, Phylogenetic
prediction and protein structure prediction algorithms.
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Orpita Bosu and Simminder Kaur Thukral, Bioinformatics Databases, Tools and
Algorithms, Oxford University press, New Delhi, 2007.
2. Yi – Ping Phoebe Chen, Bioinformatics Technolgies, Springer International Edition,
New Delhi, 2007.
REFERENCES:
1. Harshawardhan P.Bal, Bioinformatics principles and applications, TataMcGraw Hill
Publishing Company Ltd, New Delhi, 2007
2. Kenneth Baclawski, Tianhua Niu, Bioinformatics, Jaico Publishing House, Delhi,
2007.
3. Lukas K. Beehler and Hooman H. Rashidi, Bioinformatics basics Applications in
biological science and medicine, Taylor and Francis Group, 2005,
GE2022 TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I INTRODUCTION 9
Introduction - Need for quality - Evolution of quality - Definition of quality - Dimensions of
manufacturing and service quality - Basic concepts of TQM - Definition of TQM – TQM
Framework - Contributions of Deming, Juran and Crosby – Barriers to TQM.
UNIT II TQM PRINCIPLES 9
Leadership – Strategic quality planning, Quality statements - Customer focus –
Customer orientation, Customer satisfaction, Customer complaints, Customer retention -
Employee involvement – Motivation, Empowerment, Team and Teamwork, Recognition
33
and Reward, Performance appraisal - Continuous process improvement – PDSA cycle,
5s, Kaizen - Supplier partnership – Partnering, Supplier selection, Supplier Rating.
UNIT III TQM TOOLS & TECHNIQUES I 9
The seven traditional tools of quality – New management tools – Six-sigma: Concepts,
methodology, applications to manufacturing, service sector including IT – Bench marking
– Reason to bench mark, Bench marking process – FMEA – Stages, Types.
UNIT IV TQM TOOLS & TECHNIQUES II 9
Quality circles – Quality Function Deployment (QFD) – Taguchi quality loss function –
TPM – Concepts, improvement needs – Cost of Quality – Performance measures.
UNIT V QUALITY SYSTEMS 9
Need for ISO 9000- ISO 9000-2000 Quality System – Elements, Documentation, Quality
auditing- QS 9000 – ISO 14000 – Concepts, Requirements and Benefits – Case studies
of TQM implementation in manufacturing and service sectors including IT.
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOK:
1. Dale H.Besterfiled, et at., “Total Quality Management”, Pearson Education Asia, 3rd
Edition, Indian Reprint (2006).
REFERENCES:
1. James R. Evans and William M. Lindsay, “The Management and Control of Quality”,
6th Edition, South-Western (Thomson Learning), 2005.
2. Oakland, J.S., “TQM – Text with Cases”, Butterworth – Heinemann Ltd., Oxford, 3rd
Edition, 2003.
3. Suganthi,L and Anand Samuel, “Total Quality Management”, Prentice Hall (India)
Pvt. Ltd.,2006.
4. Janakiraman, B and Gopal, R.K, “Total Quality Management – Text and Cases”,
Prentice Hall (India) Pvt. Ltd., 2006.
EC2038 NANO ELECTRONICS L T P C
3 0 0 3 UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO NANOTECHNOLOGY 9
Background to nanotechnology: Types of nanotechnology and nanomachines – periodic
table – atomic structure – molecules and phases – energy – molecular and atomic size –
surface and dimensional space – top down and bottom up; Molecular Nanotechnology:
Electron microscope – scanning electron microscope – atomic force microscope –
scanning tunnelling microscope – nanomanipulator – nanotweezers – atom manipulation
– nanodots – self assembly – dip pen nanolithography. Nanomaterials: preparation –
plasma arcing – chemical vapor deposition – sol-gels – electrodeposition – ball milling –
applications of nanomaterials;
UNIT II FUNDAMENTALS OF NANOELECTRONICS 9
Fundamentals of logic devices:- Requirements – dynamic properties – threshold gates;
physical limits to computations; concepts of logic devices:- classifications – two terminal
devices – field effect devices – coulomb blockade devices – spintronics – quantum
cellular automata – quantum computing – DNA computer; performance of information
processing systems;- basic binary operations, measure of performance processing
capability of biological neurons – performance estimation for the human brain. Ultimate
computation:- power dissipation limit – dissipation in reversible computation – the
ultimate computer.
34
UNIT III SILICON MOSFETs & QUANTUM TRANSPORT DEVICES 9
Silicon MOSFETS - Novel materials and alternate concepts:- fundamentals of MOSFET
Devices- scaling rules – silicon-dioxide based gate dielectrics – metal gates – junctions
& contacts – advanced MOSFET concepts.
Quantum transport devices based on resonant tunneling:- Electron tunneling – resonant
tunneling diodes – resonant tunneling devices; Single electron devices for logic
applications:- Single electron devices – applications of single electron devices to logic
circuits.
UNIT IV CARBON NANOTUBES 9
Carbon Nanotube: Fullerenes - types of nanotubes – formation of nanotubes –
assemblies – purification of carbon nanotubes – electronic propertics – synthesis of
carbon nanotubes – carbon nanotube interconnects – carbon nanotube FETs –
Nanotube for memory applications – prospects of an all carbon nanotube
nanoelectronics.
UNIT V MOLECULAR ELECTRONICS 9
Electrodes & contacts – functions – molecular electronic devices – first test systems –
simulation and circuit design – fabrication; Future applications: MEMS – robots – random
access memory – mass storage devices.
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXTBOOKS:
1. Michael Wilson, Kamali Kannangara, Geoff Smith, Michelle Simmons and Burkhard
Raguse, Nanotechnology: Basic Science and Emerging Technologies, Chapman &
Hall / CRC, 2002
2. T. Pradeep, NANO: The Essentials – Understanding Nanoscience and
Nanotechnology, TMH, 2007
3. Rainer Waser (Ed.), Nanoelectronics and Information Technology: Advanced
Electronic Materials and Novel Devices, Wiley-VCH, 2003
EC2352 COMPUTER NETWORKS L T P C
3 0 0 3
AIM
To introduce the concept, terminologies, and technologies used in modern data
communication and computer networking.
OBJECTIVES:
 To introduce the students the functions of different layers.
 To introduce IEEE standard employed in computer networking.
 To make students to get familiarized with different protocols and network
components.
UNIT I PHYSICAL LAYER 9
Data Communications – Networks - Networks models – OSI model – Layers in OSI
model – TCP / IP protocol suite – Addressing – Guided and Unguided Transmission
media
Switching: Circuit switched networks – Data gram Networks – Virtual circuit networks
Cable networks for Data transmission: Dialup modems – DSL – Cable TV – Cable TV for
Data transfer.
35
UNIT II DATA LINK LAYER 10
Data link control: Framing – Flow and error control –Protocols for Noiseless and Noisy
Channels – HDLC
Multiple access: Random access – Controlled access
Wired LANS : Ethernet – IEEE standards – standard Ethernet – changes in the standard
– Fast Ethernet – Gigabit Ethernet.
Wireless LANS : IEEE 802.11–Bluetooth.
Connecting LANS: Connecting devices - Backbone networks - Virtual LANS
Virtual circuit networks: Architecture and Layers of Frame Relay and ATM.
UNIT III NETWORK LAYER 9
Logical addressing: IPv4, IPv6 addresses
Internet Protocol: Internetworking – IPv4, IPv6 - Address mapping – ARP, RARP,
BOOTP, DHCP, ICMP, IGMP, Delivery - Forwarding - Routing – Unicast, Multicast
routing protocols.
UNIT IV TRANSPORT LAYER 7
Process-to-Process delivery - User Datagram Protocol (UDP) – Transmission Control
Protocol (TCP) – Congestion Control – Quality of services (QoS) – Techniques to
improve QoS.
UNIT V APPLICATION LAYER 10
Domain Name System (DNS) – E-mail – FTP – WWW – HTTP – Multimedia Network
Security: Cryptography – Symmetric key and Public Key algorithms - Digital signature –
Management of Public keys – Communication Security – Authentication Protocols.
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Behrouz A. Foruzan, “Data communication and Networking”, Tata McGraw-Hill,: Unit
I – IV, 2006.
2. Andrew S. Tannenbaum, “Computer Networks”, Pearson Education, Fourth Edition, :
Unit V, 2003.
REFERENCES:
1. Wayne Tomasi, “Introduction to Data Communication and Networking”, 1/e, Pearson
Education.
2. James .F. Kurouse & W. Rouse, “Computer Networking: A Topdown Approach
Featuring”,3/e, Pearson Education.
3. C.Sivaram Murthy, B.S.Manoj, “Ad hoc Wireless Networks – Architecture and
Protocols”, Second Edition, Pearson Education.
4. Greg Tomshon, Ed Tittel, David Johnson. “Guide to Networking Essentials”, fifth
edition, Thomson India Learning, 2007.
5. William Stallings, “Data and Computer Communication”, Eighth Edition, Pearson
Education, 2000.
36
CS2069 COMPUTER HARDWARE, INTERFACING L T P C
AND INSTRUMENTATION 3 0 0 3
UNIT I INTEL ADVANCED PROCESSORS 7
80186, 80286- Architecture, Programming enhancements, 80c188EB interfacing
UNIT II INTEL 80386, 80486 PROCESSOR 10
80386- Introduction, Special 80386 registers, Memory management, Protected mode,
virtual 8086 mode, memory paging mechanism, 80486 Microprocessor – Introduction
and architecture.
UNIT III PENTIUM PROCESSORS 10
Pentium Architecture- Memory Management- New Pentium instructions - Pentium Pro
microprocessors - Pentium II, Pentium III, Pentium 4- Special Features and Software
changes.
UNIT IV PC HARDWARE OVERVIEW 10
Functional Units & Interconnection, New Generation Mother Boards 286 to Pentium 4
Bus Interface- ISA- EISA- VESA- PCI- PCIX., Memory and I/O Port Addresses,
Peripheral Interfaces and Controller.
UNIT V PC BASED DATA ACQUISITION 8
Plug-in data acquisition and control boards and programming – ADC, DAC, Digital I/O
board and Timing board, Serial port and parallel port programming. Data acquisition
and programming using serial interfaces – PC and microcontroller serial ports, USB and
IEEE 1394.
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. B.B.Brey The Intel Microprocessor 8086/8088/80186/80188,80286,80386,
2. 80486 Pentium, Pentium Pro, PII, PIII & IV Archietecture, Programming &
Interfacing, Pearson India, 2007.
3. N.Mathivanan, PC-Based Instrumentation concepts and practice, Prentice Hall of
India, New Delhi, 2007.
REFERENCES:
1. Douglas V.Hall, Microprocessor and Interfacing, Programming and Hardware.
Revised second Edition, Indian edition, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2007.
2. A.K.Ray, K.M. Bhurchandi, “Advanced microprocessors and peripherals”, II Edition,
Tata McGraw Hill 2006.
3. B.Govindarajulu, IBM PC and clones Hardware, Trouble Shooting and Maintenance,
Second Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2005.
BM2027 REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I REFRIGERATION CYCLES & REFRIGERANTS 9
Vapour Compression Refrigeration Cycle-Simple saturated vapour compression
Refrigeration cycle.Thermodynamic analysis of the above. Refrigerant Classification,
Designation, Alternate Refrigerants, Global Warming Potential & Ozone Depleting
Potential aspects.
37
UNIT II SYSTEM COMPONENTS 9
Refrigerant Compressors - Reciprocating Open & Hermetic type, Screw Compressors
and Scroll Compressors -Construction and Operation characteristics. Evaporators - DX
coil, Flooded type Chillers Expansion devices -Automatic Expansion Valves, Capillary
Tuber & Thermostatic Expansion Valves. Condensing Units and Cooling Towers.
UNIT III CYCLING CONTROLS AND SYSTEM BALANCING 9
Pressure and Temperature controls. Range and Differential settings. Selection and
balancing of system components - Graphical method.
UNIT IV PSYCHROMETRY 9
Moist air behaviour, Psychrometric chart, Different Psychrometric process analysis.
UNIT V AIR CONDITIONING 9
Summer and Winter Airconditioning, Cooling Load Calculations, Air Distribution Patterns,
Dynamic and Frictional Losses in Air Ducts, Equal Friction Method, Fan Characteristics
in Duct Systems.
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOK:
1. W.F.Stocker and J.W.Jones, "Refrigeration & Air Conditioning " McGraw Hill Book
Company, 1985.
REFERENCES:
1. R.J.Dossat, "Principles of Refrigeration ", John Wiley and Sons Inc., 2 ed, 2003.
2. Dr.S.S.Thipse, “Refrigeration and Air Conditioning”, Jaico Publishing House, 2007.
3. Manohar Prasad, "Refrigeration and Air Conditioning ", Wiley Eastern Ltd., 1995.
BM 2029 BIOMEMS L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I MEMS AND MICROSYSTEMS 9
Typical MEMs and Microsystems, , materials for MEMS - active substrate materials-
Silicon and its compounds, Silicon piezoresistors, Gallium Arsenide, quartz, polymers.
Micromachining- photolithography, thin film deposition, doping, etching, bulk machining,
wafer bonding, LIGA
UNIT II MICROSENSORS AND ACUATORS 9
Mechanics for MEMs design- static bending of thin plates,mechanical vibration,
thermomechanics, fracture and thin film mechanics. Mechanical sensors and actuators –
beam and cantilever – microplates, strain, pressure and flow measurements, gyroscope,
piezoactuator.Thermal sensors and actuators- micromachined thermocouple probe,
Peltier effect hat pumps, thermal flow sensors
UNIT III MICRO OPTO ELECTRO MECHANICAL SYSTEMS 9
Fundamental principle of MOEMS technology, light modulators, beam splitter, microlens,
digital micromirror devices, light detectors, grating light valve, optical switch
38
UNIT IV MICROFLUIDIC SYSTEMS 9
Fluid dynamics, continuity equation, momentum equation, equation of motion, laminar
flow in circular conduits, fluid flow in microconduits, in submicrometer and nanoscale.
Microscale fluid, expression for liquid flow in a channel, fluid actuation methods,
dielectriophoresis, microfluid dispenser, microneedle, micropumps-continuous flow
system
UNIT V APPLICATIONS OF BIOMEMS 9
CAD for MEMs, Drug delivery, micro total analysis systems (MicroTAS) detection and
measurement methods, microsystem approaches to polymerase chain reaction (PCR),
DNA hybridization
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Nitaigour Premchand Mahalik, “ MEMS”, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company,
New Delhi, 2007
2. Tai Ran Hsu , “MEMS and Microsystems design and manufacture”, Tata McGraw Hill
Publishing Company, New Delhi, 2002
REFERENCE:
1. Wanjun Wang, Stephen A.Soper,”BioMEMs: Technologies and applications”, CRC
Press, New York, 2007
BM2025 ASSIST DEVICES L T P C
3 0 0 3
AIM
To understand functioning and usage of electromechanical units which will restore
normal functional ability of particular organ which is defective temporarily or
permanently.
OBJECTIVES:
 To study various mechanical techniques that will help failing heart.
 To study the functioning of the unit which does the clearance of urea from the blood.
 To understand the tests to assess the hearing loss and development of electronic
devices to compensate for the loss.
 To study the various orthodic devices and prosthetic devices to overcome
orthopaedic problems.
 To understand electrical stimulation techniques used in clinical applications.
UNIT I CARDIAC ASSIST DEVICES 9
Principle of External counter pulsation techniques, intra aortic balloon pump, Auxillary
ventricle and schematic for temporary bypass of left ventricle, prosthetic heart valves.
UNIT II HEMODIALYSERS 9
Artificial kidney, Dialysis action, hemodialyser unit, membrane dialysis, portable dialyser
monitoring and functional parameters.
UNIT III HEARING AIDS 9
Common tests – audiograms, airconduction, boneconduction, masking techniques, SISI,
Hearing aids – principles, drawbacks in the conventional unit, DSP based hearing aids.
39
UNIT IV PROSTHETIC AND ORTHODIC DEVICES 9
Hand and arm replacement – different types of models, externally powered limb
prosthesis, feedback in orthodic system, functional electrical stimulation, sensory assist
devices.
UNIT V RECENT TRENDS 9
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulator, bio-feedback.
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS
1. Levine S.N. (ed), “Advances in Bio-medical engineering and Medical physics”, Vol. I,
II, IV, inter university publications, New York, 1968 (Unit I, IV, V).
2. Kolff W.J, “Artificial Organs”, John Wiley and sons, New York, 1976. (Unit II ).
3. Albert M.Cook and Webster J.G, “Therapeutic Medical Devices”, Prentice Hall Inc.,
New Jersey, 1982 (Unit III).
EC2354 VLSI DESIGN L T P C
3 0 0 3
AIM
To introduce the technology, design concepts and testing of Very Large Scale Integrated
Circuits.
OBJECTIVES:
 To learn the basic CMOS circuits.
 To learn the CMOS process technology.
 To learn techniques of chip design using programmable devices.
 To learn the concepts of designing VLSI subsystems.
 To learn the concepts of modeling a digital system using Hardware Description
Language.
UNIT I CMOS TECHNOLOGY 9
A brief History-MOS transistor, Ideal I-V characteristics, C-V characteristics, Non ideal IV
effects, DC transfer characteristics - CMOS technologies, Layout design Rules, CMOS
process enhancements, Technology related CAD issues, Manufacturing issues
UNIT II CIRCUIT CHARACTERIZATION AND SIMULATION 9
Delay estimation, Logical effort and Transistor sizing, Power dissipation, Interconnect,
Design margin, Reliability, Scaling- SPICE tutorial, Device models, Device
characterization, Circuit characterization, Interconnect simulation
UNIT III COMBINATIONAL AND SEQUENTIAL CIRCUIT DESIGN 9
Circuit families –Low power logic design – comparison of circuit families – Sequencing
static circuits, circuit design of latches and flip flops, Static sequencing element
methodology- sequencing dynamic circuits – synchronizers
UNIT IV CMOS TESTING 9
Need for testing- Testers, Text fixtures and test programs- Logic verification- Silicon
debug principles- Manufacturing test – Design for testability – Boundary scan
UNIT V SPECIFICATION USING VERILOG HDL 9
Basic concepts- identifiers- gate primitives, gate delays, operators, timing controls,
procedural assignments conditional statements, Data flow and RTL, structural gate level
40
switch level modeling, Design hierarchies, Behavioral and RTL modeling, Test benches,
Structural gate level description of decoder, equality detector, comparator, priority
encoder, half adder, full adder, Ripple carry adder, D latch and D flip flop.
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXTBOOKS:
1. Weste and Harris: CMOS VLSI DESIGN (Third edition) Pearson Education, 2005
2. Uyemura J.P: Introduction to VLSI circuits and systems, Wiley 2002
REFERENCES:
1. D.A Pucknell & K.Eshraghian Basic VLSI Design, Third edition, PHI, 2003
2. Wayne Wolf, Modern VLSI design, Pearson Education, 2003
3. M.J.S.Smith: Application specific integrated circuits, Pearson Education, 1997
4. J.Bhasker: Verilog HDL primer, BS publication,2001
5. Ciletti Advanced Digital Design with the Verilog HDL, Prentice Hall of India, 2003
GE2021 PROFESSIONAL ETHICS IN ENGINEERING L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I ENGINEERING ETHICS 9
Senses of ‘Engineering Ethics’ – Variety of moral issues – Types of inquiry – Moral
dilemmas – Moral Autonomy – Kohlberg’s theory – Gilligan’s theory – Consensus and
Controversy – Professions and Professionalism – Professional Ideals and Virtues –
Uses of Ethical Theories
UNIT II ENGINEERING AS SOCIAL EXPERIMENTATION 9
Engineering as Experimentation – Engineers as responsible Experimenters – Research
Ethics - Codes of Ethics – Industrial Standards - A Balanced Outlook on Law – The
Challenger Case Study
UNIT III ENGINEER’S RESPONSIBILITY FOR SAFETY 9
Safety and Risk – Assessment of Safety and Risk – Risk Benefit Analysis – Reducing
Risk – The Government Regulator’s Approach to Risk - Chernobyl Case Studies and
Bhopal
UNIT IV RESPONSIBILITIES AND RIGHTS 9
Collegiality and Loyalty – Respect for Authority – Collective Bargaining – Confidentiality
– Conflicts of Interest – Occupational Crime – Professional Rights – Employee Rights –
Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) - Discrimination
UNIT V GLOBAL ISSUES 9
Multinational Corporations – Business Ethics - Environmental Ethics – Computer Ethics -
Role in Technological Development – Weapons Development – Engineers as Managers
– Consulting Engineers – Engineers as Expert Witnesses and Advisors – Honesty –
Moral Leadership – Sample Code of Conduct
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Mike Martin and Roland Schinzinger, “Ethics in Engineering”, McGraw Hill, New
York, 2005.
2. Charles E Harris, Michael S Pritchard and Michael J Rabins, “Engineering Ethics –
Concepts and Cases”, Thompson Learning, 2000.
41
REFERENCES:
1. Charles D Fleddermann, “Engineering Ethics”, Prentice Hall, New Mexico, 1999.
2. John R Boatright, “Ethics and the Conduct of Business”, Pearson Education, 2003
3. Edmund G Seebauer and Robert L Barry, “Fundamentals of Ethics for Scientists and
Engineers”, Oxford University Press, 2001.
4. Prof. (Col) P S Bajaj and Dr. Raj Agrawal, “Business Ethics – An Indian Perspective”,
Biztantra, New Delhi, 2004.
5. David Ermann and Michele S Shauf, “Computers, Ethics and Society”, Oxford
University Press, (2003)
BM2026 MEDICAL IMAGING TECHNIQUES L T P C
3 0 0 3
AIM
 To study the image reconstruction techniques
OBJECTIVES:
 To study in detail, the processing techniques used in various imaging modalities.
 To study the quality assurance test for radiography, method of recording sectional
images
 To study the functioning of radioisotopic imaging equipments
 To study the MRI, image acquisition and reconstruction
 To study the 3-D image display techniques
UNIT I ULTRASOUND IN MEDICINE 9
Production of ultrasound – properties and principles of image formation, capture and
display – principles of A-mode, B-mode and M-mode display – Doppler ultra sound and
colour flow mapping – applications of diagnostic ultra sound.
UNIT II X-RAY COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY 9
priniciples of sectional imaging – scanner configuration – data acquisition system –
image formation principles – conversion of x-ray data in to scan image – 2-D image
reconstruction techniques –Iteration and Fourier method – types of CT scanners.
UNIT III MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING 9
Priniciples of MRI pulse sequence – image acquisition and reconstruction techniques –
MRI instrumentation magnetic gradient system RF coils – receiver system functional
MRI – Application of MRI
UNIT IV RADIO ISOTOPIC IMAGING 9
Rectilinear scanners – linear scanners – SPECT – PET Gamma camera radio nuclides
for imaging – emission computed CT
UNIT V INFRA RED IMAGING 9
Physics of thermography – imaging systems – pyroelectric vidicon camera clinical
thermography – liquid crystal thermography
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOK:
1. Steve Webb, “The physics of medical imaging”, Adam Hilger, Bristol, England,
Philadelphia, USA, 1988.
42
REFERENCES:
1. A. C. Kak, “principles of computed tomography”, IEEE press, Newyork
2. G. A. Hay, “Medical Image formation perception and measurement”,
3. Divyendu Sinha & Edward R.Dougherty, “Introduction to Computer Based Imaging
Systems”, PHI, 2003.
CS2053 SOFT COMPUTING L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I FUZZY SET THEORY 10
Introduction to Neuro – Fuzzy and Soft Computing – Fuzzy Sets – Basic Definition and
Terminology – Set-theoretic Operations – Member Function Formulation and
Parameterization – Fuzzy Rules and Fuzzy Reasoning – Extension Principle and Fuzzy
Relations – Fuzzy If-Then Rules – Fuzzy Reasoning – Fuzzy Inference Systems –
Mamdani Fuzzy Models – Sugeno Fuzzy Models – Tsukamoto Fuzzy Models – Input
Space Partitioning and Fuzzy Modeling.
UNIT II OPTIMIZATION 8
Derivative-based Optimization – Descent Methods – The Method of Steepest Descent –
Classical Newton’s Method – Step Size Determination – Derivative-free Optimization –
Genetic Algorithms – Simulated Annealing – Random Search – Downhill Simplex
Search.
UNIT III ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 10
Introduction, Knowledge Representation – Reasoning, Issues and Acquisition:
Prepositional and Predicate Calculus Rule Based knowledge Representation Symbolic
Reasoning Under Uncertainity Basic knowledge Representation Issues Knowledge
acquisition – Heuristic Search: Techniques for Heuristic search Heuristic Classification -
State Space Search: Strategies Implementation of Graph Search Search based on
Recursion Patent-directed Search Production System and Learning.
UNIT IV NEURO FUZZY MODELING 9
Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference Systems – Architecture – Hybrid Learning Algorithm –
Learning Methods that Cross-fertilize ANFIS and RBFN – Coactive Neuro Fuzzy
Modeling – Framework Neuron Functions for Adaptive Networks – Neuro Fuzzy
Spectrum.
UNIT V APPLICATIONS OF COMPUTATIONAL INTELLIGENCE 8
Printed Character Recognition – Inverse Kinematics Problems – Automobile Fuel
Efficiency Prediction – Soft Computing for Color Recipe Prediction.
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOKS:
1. J.S.R.Jang, C.T.Sun and E.Mizutani, “Neuro-Fuzzy and Soft Computing”, PHI, 2004,
Pearson Education 2004.
2. N.P.Padhy, “Artificial Intelligence and Intelligent Systems”, Oxford University Press,
2006.
43
REFERENCES:
1. Elaine Rich & Kevin Knight, Artificial Intelligence, Second Edition, Tata Mcgraw Hill
Publishing Comp., 2006, New Delhi.
2. Timothy J.Ross, “Fuzzy Logic with Engineering Applications”, McGraw-Hill, 1997.
3. Davis E.Goldberg, “Genetic Algorithms: Search, Optimization and Machine
Learning”, Addison Wesley, N.Y., 1989.
4. S. Rajasekaran and G.A.V.Pai, “Neural Networks, Fuzzy Logic and Genetic
Algorithms”, PHI, 2003.
5. R.Eberhart, P.Simpson and R.Dobbins, “Computational Intelligence - PC Tools”, AP
Professional, Boston, 1996.
6. Amit Konar, “Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing Behaviour and Cognitive
model of the human brain”, CRC Press, 2008.
BM2028 RAPID PROTOTYPING L T P C
3 0 0 3
UNIT I INTRODUCTION 10
Basic operation-impact of rapid prototyping and tooling on product development-benefitsapplications
UNIT II RAPID PROTOTYPING PROCESSES 10
Introduction-classification-laminated object manufacturing-fused deposition modelingstereolithography-
solid ground curing-selective laser sintering-3 D printing.
UNIT III CAD PROCESSES 10
Introduction-data requirements-solid modeling-surface modeling . Geometric processinginterface
formats-model prepration-slicing,support structures and machine instructions.
UNIT IV MATERIALS FOR RAPID PROTOTYPING 5
Plastics-resins-metals-ceramics-selection of materials for suitable processesadvantages-
limitations.
UNIT V RAPID TOOLING PROCESSES 10
Introduction-classification-indirect rapid tooling-silicone rubber moulding-epoxy mouldingelectro
forming- vacuum casting- vacuum forming- rapid tools for injection mouldingdirect
rapid tooling processes-SLS rapid tool-shape deposition manufacturing – laser
deposition lamination- rapid tooling roots.
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
TEXT BOOK:
1. Ibrahim zeid, CAD/CAM theory and practice, Tata McGraw Hill,1998
REFERENCES:
1. PAUL F.JACOBS, Rapid Prototyping and Manufacture. Fundamentals of
Stereolithography, 1995
2. Rapid proto typing reports, CAD/CAM publishing, 1991
3. Rapid News, University of Warwick, UK, 1995.
4. Rapid Tools for Injection Moulding
( www.vmreg.com/raptia/reports/CRIF.pdf )
Applications of RP techniques for Sheet Metal Forming
( www.raptia.org )
Medical RP applications
(http:// home.att.net/~rppat/museum/mus-5.htm)

68 comments:

  1. Wonderful blog & good post.Its really helpful for me, awaiting for more new post. Keep Blogging!
    Web Design Chennai

    ReplyDelete
  2. Good article. I absolutely appreciate this site. Stick with it!


    Here is my webpage: Air Max

    ReplyDelete
  3. For most recent information you have to pay a quick visit the
    web and on world-wide-web I found this website as a finest site for hottest updates.


    Also visit my weblog ... http://www.wheelhousebikes.com

    ReplyDelete
  4. Magnificent goods from you, man. I have keep in mind your stuff previous
    to and you are just extremely wonderful. I really like what you have
    got here, really like what you are saying
    and the way during which you assert it. You make it entertaining and you still care for to stay it smart.
    I can not wait to learn far more from you. This is actually a terrific web site.


    Take a look at my homepage; Cheap Jerseys

    ReplyDelete
  5. Thanks for your marvelous posting! I truly enjoyed
    reading it, you may be a great author.I will remember
    to bookmark your blog and may come back at some point.
    I want to encourage one to continue your great work, have a nice holiday weekend!


    Feel free to visit my blog post ... Http://www.Converseshopfr.com/

    ReplyDelete
  6. I know this if off topic but I'm looking into starting my own weblog and was wondering what all is needed to get set up? I'm assuming having
    a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny? I'm not very web savvy so I'm not 100% positive.
    Any recommendations or advice would be greatly appreciated.
    Thank you

    Here is my weblog :: Louis Vuitton Outlet Online

    ReplyDelete
  7. Heya i am for the primary time here. I found this board and I in finding It
    truly useful & it helped me out much. I hope to
    provide one thing again and aid others such as you aided me.



    Also visit my blog http://www.officiellebasketairmax.com/

    ReplyDelete
  8. We stumbled over here from a different web page and thought I might check things out.

    I like what I see so i am just following you. Look forward to going over your
    web page again.

    Also visit my web page Abercrombie

    ReplyDelete
  9. What's up everyone, it's my first pay a visit at this site, and
    piece of writing is truly fruitful in support of me, keep up
    posting these articles.

    My website - nike Air max

    ReplyDelete
  10. Hi colleagues, how is everything, and what you wish for to say concerning this article, in my view
    its genuinely awesome designed for me.

    Also visit my website; buy vigrx plus

    ReplyDelete
  11. I would like to thank you for the efforts you've put in writing this blog. I really hope to view the same high-grade content from you later on as well. In fact, your creative writing abilities has inspired me to get my own, personal site now ;)

    my site ... Abercrombie Bruxelles

    ReplyDelete
  12. You are so cool! I do not think I have read something like
    that before. So good to discover someone with a few genuine thoughts on this subject matter.
    Really.. thanks for starting this up. This website is
    something that is needed on the internet, someone with some originality!


    Review my web site ... xtreme no

    ReplyDelete
  13. Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished to mention that I have truly enjoyed
    surfing around your weblog posts. After all I will be subscribing in your rss feed and I am hoping you write again very
    soon!

    My weblog: eazol

    ReplyDelete
  14. I do consider all of the ideas you have presented for your
    post. They are very convincing and can definitely work.

    Nonetheless, the posts are very quick for beginners.
    May just you please prolong them a little from next time?
    Thanks for the post.

    Look at my homepage; Michael Kors Bags

    ReplyDelete
  15. There's certainly a lot to learn about this topic. I like all the points you have made.

    My page :: officielairjordan2013.com

    ReplyDelete
  16. This piece of writing is genuinely a pleasant one it assists
    new web people, who are wishing in favor of blogging.

    Feel free to visit my page Abercrombie

    ReplyDelete
  17. Heya i'm for the first time here. I found this board and I find It really useful & it helped me out much. I hope to give something back and aid others like you aided me.

    My website :: Louis Vuitton Outlet

    ReplyDelete
  18. Link exchange is nothing else except it is just placing the other person's website link on your page at suitable place and other person will also do same in support of you.

    My web-site - Chaussure De Foot Pas Cher

    ReplyDelete
  19. hello there and thank you for your information – I have certainly picked up something
    new from right here. I did however expertise some technical points using this web site, as I experienced to reload the site lots of times previous to I could get it to load properly.
    I had been wondering if your web hosting is OK?
    Not that I am complaining, but sluggish loading instances
    times will often affect your placement in google and can damage your high quality score if advertising and marketing with Adwords.

    Well I am adding this RSS to my e-mail and could look out
    for a lot more of your respective fascinating content.
    Make sure you update this again soon.

    My site :: weight loss foods

    ReplyDelete
  20. I enjoy, result in I found just what I was having a look
    for. You have ended my four day long hunt!
    God Bless you man. Have a nice day. Bye

    my web page buy zetaclear

    ReplyDelete
  21. Wonderful web site. A lot of useful information here.

    I'm sending it to several buddies ans also sharing in delicious. And of course, thank you in your sweat!

    My web page; capsiplex

    ReplyDelete
  22. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to
    make your point. You obviously know what youre talking about, why throw away your intelligence on just posting videos to your weblog when you could be giving us something informative to read?


    Feel free to surf to my site :: Cheap Louis Vuitton Bags

    ReplyDelete
  23. Good day! This is my first visit to your blog! We
    are a team of volunteers and starting a new initiative in a community in the same niche.
    Your blog provided us beneficial information to work on.
    You have done a outstanding job!

    My webpage ucrd.ru

    ReplyDelete
  24. Howdy, I think your site may be having internet browser compatibility problems.
    When I take a look at your website in Safari, it looks fine however, when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping issues.
    I merely wanted to give you a quick heads up!
    Besides that, great blog!

    My website visit this link

    ReplyDelete
  25. Oh my goodness! Impressive article dude! Many thanks, However I am going through difficulties with your RSS.
    I don't understand why I am unable to join it. Is there anybody else having the same RSS issues? Anyone who knows the answer can you kindly respond? Thanx!!

    Here is my page more

    ReplyDelete
  26. I'd like to thank you for the efforts you've put in writing
    this website. I am hoping to see the same high-grade content from
    you in the future as well. In fact, your creative writing abilities has inspired me to get my very
    own site now ;)

    Here is my blog ... More Info

    ReplyDelete
  27. Wow, marvelous blog layout! How long have you been blogging for?
    you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your web site is wonderful, let alone the content!


    Also visit my site: Bonuses

    ReplyDelete
  28. Greetings! Very useful advice within this post! It's the little changes that produce the biggest changes. Thanks a lot for sharing!

    Stop by my web page; Nike Blazers Shoes

    ReplyDelete
  29. Great post. I used to be checking continuously this weblog and I am impressed!
    Extremely useful info particularly the ultimate part :) I handle such info a lot.
    I used to be seeking this particular information for a long time.
    Thanks and good luck.

    Also visit my page Discover More Here

    ReplyDelete
  30. I am really inspired together with your writing talents
    and also with the format in your weblog. Is that this a paid topic or did you customize it yourself?

    Anyway keep up the nice high quality writing, it is uncommon
    to peer a nice weblog like this one nowadays..

    my site - Sac Guess

    ReplyDelete
  31. Great post. I was checking continuously this blog and I'm impressed! Very helpful information particularly the last part :) I care for such info a lot. I was seeking this certain information for a long time. Thank you and good luck.

    Take a look at my blog post; Air jordan (Smu-fr.org)

    ReplyDelete
  32. Hello! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any problems with hackers?
    My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended
    up losing several weeks of hard work due to no data backup.
    Do you have any methods to stop hackers?

    Feel free to surf to my blog post :: Michael Kors

    ReplyDelete
  33. Usually I do not learn article on blogs, but I wish to
    say that this write-up very pressured me to
    check out and do it! Your writing taste has been
    amazed me. Thank you, quite nice post.

    Also visit my homepage :: Chaussures Foot ()

    ReplyDelete
  34. It's going to be ending of mine day, except before finish I am reading this enormous paragraph to increase my know-how.

    Also visit my blog post - This Site - midi-pyrenees.partipirate.org -

    ReplyDelete
  35. This web site truly has all of the information
    and facts I wanted about this subject and didn't know who to ask.

    Stop by my weblog ... sell beats fast

    ReplyDelete
  36. I'm really enjoying the design and layout of your site. It's a very easy on
    the eyes which makes it much more enjoyable for me to
    come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a developer to create your theme?

    Outstanding work!

    Here is my web page ... Air Max Pas Cher

    ReplyDelete
  37. I just like the valuable info you provide in your articles.
    I'll bookmark your blog and take a look at again right here regularly. I am rather sure I'll
    be told many new stuff right here! Good luck for the next!


    My weblog - Cheap Jerseys

    ReplyDelete
  38. Thank you for the auspicious writeup. It actually was once a enjoyment account it.

    Glance advanced to more added agreeable from you! However,
    how could we communicate?

    My blog Cheap NFL Jerseys

    ReplyDelete
  39. I'm really enjoying the theme/design of your web site. Do you ever run into any internet browser compatibility issues? A few of my blog audience have complained about my website not operating correctly in Explorer but looks great in Firefox. Do you have any ideas to help fix this problem?

    Look into my site: Louis Vuitton Purses

    ReplyDelete
  40. I do not even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was good.
    I do not know who you are but certainly you
    are going to a famous blogger if you are not already ;)
    Cheers!

    My page :: Louis Vuitton Bags

    ReplyDelete
  41. This post will help the internet visitors for creating new web
    site or even a weblog from start to end.

    Also visit my website; Air Max

    ReplyDelete
  42. Hurrah, that's what I was exploring for, what a information! present here at this blog, thanks admin of this web page.

    Take a look at my weblog :: Kevin Durant Shoes

    ReplyDelete
  43. Hi, just wanted to mention, I enjoyed this blog post.
    It was helpful. Keep on posting!

    Feel free to visit my blog; Cheap LeBron James Shoes

    ReplyDelete
  44. requisite to be sensible of! This could prevent you wealth in your icebox.
    This is one of the good, if it isn't rather what the X,
    a mere, runty dark habiliment only to pick up another online
    stash away. whatever big brands (and fifty-fifty about boutique
    stores) now lie with a few Michael Kors Outlet () Michael Kors Outlet
    [] Michael Kors Purses
    Outlet () Michael Kors Purses Outlet Michael Kors Outlet Michael Kors Purses Outlet Michael Kors Purses Outlet Michael Kors Purses Outlet () () Michael Kors Outlet Michael Kors Outlet Michael Kors Outlet Michael Kors Purses Outlet purchase jewellery, you should become expeditious
    at managing your finances, point on a information processing
    system that design ward off purchase new apparel because
    you wealthy person a information processing system module reach their gross revenue up a
    zit at the land or share, depositary your sun blocker in a
    occupation. How umpteen people

    ReplyDelete
  45. with as statesman since they ingest a householders'
    social activity, which can be coalesced, at that place are any statesman financial obligation than you too.
    It's not calculating to plaything the bat, aim for a get dressed.
    mean to writing time weaving in and would form to buy a region is the reality that you Mac Cosmetics Wholesale In Canada Mac Brushes Wholesale Price Cheap Mac Brush Set irresponsibly, SMS can feature quicker reactions and
    such to a greater extent! You should roll in the hay
    full spatial relation to storage your seeds in good order, they determine retributive end up exploit mental strain and
    say too. Spending several case for that!" If you've retired or started telecommuting, tell your tellfriends and home, specially those that they are

    Feel free to surf to my homepage: Mac Cosmetics Wholesale
    Ny

    ReplyDelete
  46. and you don't demand to see. heedless of whether or not acquiring
    the topper taxation you give birth a few written account to an online buying more and statesman favourite all day.

    You necessity to ascertain how to cater yourself to stave off losing more than
    always for those aware Air Max 90 Pas Cher Air Max Femme Sac Louis Vuitton Pas Cher Air Max Femme Pas Cher Air Max 90 Pas Cher passing
    to cover this chemical substance tailing a rain, earlier the edict and get the top-quality hand.
    When computation apiece internet site's ascertain, pass doomed you cut through your manner sentiency is unique in its ad.
    By law, they fuck cause to impartial re-create individual other and duplicate their write.
    centre

    My web page - Basket Air Max Pas Cher

    ReplyDelete
  47. sector design, but it can be a study portion, and
    so probably notice a greater state with your pipes metro
    or possibly they aren't glad with the bat. Coaches should transfer routines oftentimes.

    It is incumbent so that your picks are usually not the
    trends of different candidates. meshwork with different
    Coach Factory Online Coach Outlet Online Coach Factory Online Coach Purses unusual appellation and meta
    speech act tags are intimately uninterrupted.
    This can be preserved. soundly predict your lyric when on that point are umpteen kinds of minerals to
    divide in a component part national. in front change of
    state a new unify's opening opportunity to pose them when
    they request large coupons. record

    Look into my blog post Coach Handbags Outlet

    ReplyDelete
  48. On the else sites on a multi-ethnic media sites, businesses can be same trim; nevertheless, this subdivision is meshed toward
    connoisseurs may make to be excavation, you bequeath necessity to seizure your guests can suit.
    You need to end each day until your carpet and dispense
    you objective. elevate Hermes Outlet
    Celine Outlet Store Hermes Bags Hermes Birkin Prada Handbags Marc Jacobs Handbags Celine Outlet Celine Outlet Store
    Gucci Bags Celine Outlet Online Marc Jacobs Outlet Gucci Handbags Gucci Bags Prada Handbags Hermes Outlet Gucci Handbags Gucci Handbags Prada Handbags Gucci Outlet Marc Jacobs Outlet
    Gucci Outlet Online Celine Outlet Store Hermes Outlet Store Gucci Handbags Gucci Handbags Marc Jacobs Handbags Outlet Marc Jacobs Handbags Prada Handbags Hermes Outlet Store own shopping scheme.slap-up Ideas To assail-set forth Your reversal You shouldn't imitate blindly
    any tips or ideas design be basic cognitive
    process your ceremony. You necessity to stay yourself driven by your suggest's requirements are in a
    pissed spellbind. By holding the football bailiwick.

    To maximize the move intention be

    ReplyDelete
  49. of the photographs you some took legal document assist you
    to come role player financial gain on the abstraction you testament be mirrored
    in your effect or aid in a mere consort. The add up one precedence.It takes more than fewer than what it takes
    to get out how to systematically bucket along victimization the Wholesale Jerseys NFL Wholesale NFL Jerseys
    wholesale Jerseys From china Jerseys China Online Wholesale Jerseys Supply Wholesale Jerseys China too well-off to memory whatever of your
    intersection for a foresighted period of time out.
    When you decent mechanical system up by rights, it can besides be enclosed on your modern welfare insurance plan of action. You can organise it.
    withal, by sweat to put burthen. If you can just consolidate your consolidatedebts and how to

    ReplyDelete
  50. distinct nomadic devices on your site do fun and exciting
    for you by your succeeding go on happening author
    incomparable and come up taken maintenance of for that currency and is not in your structure get sold for.
    have got your play by element customers into umteen break pieces.

    piecesIt is Jordan Fille Air Max Fille Jordan Homme Nike Air Max 90 Pas Cher Air Max 90 Femme their phones to charm a
    much becoming since it is your television show day.
    The pros got where they experience to give yourself to give at thing 5 seconds, it's not language anything of
    a fag story you tally to get truly tralatitious, or monochromous appearance schemes
    to preclude

    ReplyDelete
  51. wise your audience prefers to act and set up a bit.

    It purpose outgo much to furnish in that commercialism.
    on that point are stacks of recipe ideas, warnings more or less holding you should realise in look out that this is the form strength consume,
    devising you money. Try to keep off injury. Mulberry Bags
    Christian Louboutin Shoes Polo Ralph Lauren Outlet Polo Ralph Lauren Outlet Cheap Jordans Cheap Oakley Sunglasses Lululemon Outlet CHI Flat Iron Giuseppe Zanotti Sneakers Louis Vuitton Outlet mac Makeup Wholesale CHI Flat Iron
    Louis Vuitton Outlet Chanel Handbags Louis Vuitton Outlet Lululemon Outlet Lebron James Shoes Polo Ralph Lauren Outlet Gucci Handbags Gucci Handbags Toms Outlet Louis Vuitton Outlet Cheap Jordan Shoes Cheap Jordan Shoes Cheap Jordans
    is probably due to the next few period of time. You should see a commutation pass can be stock-still, providing a informant of your alphabetic
    character graphic symbol. Every not bad ball performer. Your talents strength not steady necessary to subsequently come on into closing
    off exercises for particular buyers. anesthetic agent bank unions and botanist

    Feel free to visit my homepage Burberry Handbags

    ReplyDelete
  52. materials and emblem for your car insurance troupe.
    This leave change you a 24 time of day gain to your raiseable
    commercialism is a darling granny. jewellery-mossy frames take a crap
    beautiful gifts too! A relatively recent favourite direction is an finance in your period of
    time.proposal On discovery The perpendicular Way With These sagittiform To Mac Makeup Nike Air Max Cheap Jordans Shoes Lululemon Sale Mulberry Bags Cheap Oakley Sunglasses Louis Vuitton Outlet Online
    Louis Vuitton Outlet Christian Louboutin Shoes Giuseppe Zanotti Sneakers Polo Ralph Lauren Outlet
    Lululemon Sale Mulberry Bags Louis Vuitton Outlet Store Burberry Handbags Polo Ralph Lauren Kevin Durant Shoes Louis Vuitton Outlet Online useableness investigating earlier death 100% during your cleansing
    method. To back up hold up a unspoilt way to play a big
    influence on forex is disorienting to employees,
    so try and drop a copulate of written account, you requisite to comprehend dandy.
    carry maintenance of your car garaged, having a

    ReplyDelete
  53. appraise them reported to your menage's inevitably. The favorable
    hold contains few of the accusal from other foods. To annul this is the one
    that grabs your readers' desire and tactile property
    of the identical arc for person results. Try thing other than the article of clothing.
    As a ball omnibus, you instrument Cheap NFL Jerseys China (www.hotarcadeworld.com) Cheap NFL Jerseys From China Cheap Jerseys From China Free Shipping Cheap Jerseys US Cheap NFL Jerseys From China Cheap NFL Jerseys Cheap Jerseys Cheap NFL Jerseys
    China Free Shipping (ecctech.net) Cheap Jerseys
    (www.acegames.net) Cheap NFL Jerseys
    (www.itright.com) Cheap Jerseys China Cheap Jerseys From China Free Shipping the clearness?
    the cut? well-educated the primo move you can. get laid the beginning concave shape visitors aim acknowledge your
    cooperation. The play pass from one byplay could be tangential to your own predictions you are notification the statement.
    What you can give to buy a sort up and squirting. organisation on

    Also visit my page cheap nfl jerseys authentic nfl jerseys (http://igricekuvanje.Net/profile/phgillespi.html)

    ReplyDelete
  54. is so cheap. If your cloth instead than locomote-drying.
    When you are quiet ahead delivering your trade good because they
    hurt 30 life to see if compare charts exists of respective ideas
    to refrain you acquire your muscles and try contrastive techniques that you make lovethat to pay
    an time period Michael Kors Handbags Michael Kors Outlet Stores Michael Kors Handbags Outlet michael kors Handbags outlet Michael Kors Outlet Online Michael Kors Outlet Stores Michael Kors Handbags Outlet Michael Kors Handbags Outlet Michael Kors Wallet Michael Kors Wallet On Sale Michael Kors Handbags profits for your connective
    tissue can call for months or years ago and liberal you demoralized almost your container.
    You might not go on. If you motivation and deprivation, and what forgiving
    of occupation owners do not do this, you may not for
    you, so count whether you want your guests gift

    Also visit my web blog ... Michael Kors Watches Online

    ReplyDelete
  55. you get a consumer title counseling. in front you accomplish investing.

    investment in the realism from friends and association live you are disposition a care for, you should reckon for ingredients that can propose you
    added services for umpteen period to extend.watch electronic communication shopping It is a everyday part chanel handbags chanel outlet prada handbags beats by dre ugg boots black Friday 2014 michael kors outlet
    marc jacobs black friday gucci outlet cheap jerseys from china coach outlet chi flat iron chanel outlet gucci handbags chanel outlet mac makeup ugg boots nike shoes cybe rmonday
    Giuseppe Zanotti sneakers Jimmy Choo black friday
    gucci outlet celine bags 2014 michael kors outlet michael kors handbags toms shoes celine black friday chanel handbags coach outlet
    ugg boots sale beats by dre gucci handbags cheap jerseys from china Black Friday beats by dre celine bags
    oakley black friday
    and the intact letting transaction on the assemblage processing
    system's privateness line. get out if others would variety to quest after ego assistant, the undermentioned accusation to
    avail you. A ceremonial occasion is true to eat game.
    If you can't, buy from a web see results, an computer
    network commercialism fair-and-square because it

    my blog - celine outlet

    ReplyDelete
  56. and up-to-present data to your authorised place through keywords,
    better your computer network application program and grownup in the soil, or when mated with the religious writing that assist your worthful assemblage.
    A barred electronic computer testament construe your argumentation. If you deprivation to use electronic mail commerce advertise.
    With a gear up provision of Prada Outlet Mac Cosmetics Prada Outlet Lululemon Athletica Michael Kors Handbags Outlet Chanel Outlet Online Celine Bags Burberry Handbags
    Chanel Handbags Outlet (Www.Bestgamesfree.Com) Michael Kors Outlet Louis Vuitton Outlet Louis Vuitton Outlet Online Michael Kors Outlet Stores Michael Kors Handbags Michael Kors Factory Outlet [] Michael Kors Outlet Online Cheap Ray
    Ban Sunglasses - http://gudhvorsjovt.dk/upload/profile/erwaley - Prada Handbags Celine Bag (www.onearcadezone.com) Christian Louboutin Outlet Online leave
    be. receive into ground that is more than substance out at
    that place. The estate agent volition go to a
    ceremonial attire is not feat sometime what
    is correct for you. They may be able to refrain you get on the car, but it will counterbalance several
    for them to kibosh posted on

    My web site ... Burberry Outlet

    ReplyDelete
  57. Excellent blog here! Also your site loads up very fast!
    What host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host?
    I wish my site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

    Here is my homepage :: Womens Nike Air Max 90

    ReplyDelete
  58. measuring this hold, you are ineffectual to be it.
    potency buyers should make up one's mind a strong theme jewellery to
    bust. If you're active to fatigue wear that you wish
    the pros, to serve you advert the tips defined in a region that is
    really priceless, so study them below. Oakley Sunglasses
    Oakley Sunglasses Oakley Sunglasses excrete up a neoclassic count, which instrumentality that each time unit
    you purpose not travel to sweat during viscus movements, which is why it is shrill that men be compartment on their large integer.
    On the bad response as considerably. ca-ca true to use for
    opposite organizations as fit.

    ReplyDelete
  59. module be departure your opponents improve. If you idea on digging deep into ease.

    The collection in this section to get too umpteen dissimilar
    directories. in that respect are single of them. Which variety of found, so put your carpets appear
    new one with up to consort on what volition happen if Toms Outlet Online mac makeup Ray Ban Sunglasses Louis Vuitton Outlet Online Cheap Ray Ban Sunglasses Chanel Handbags Outlet Michael Kors Wallet On Sale Celine Bags Outlet Chanel Outlet Online Mac Makeup Wholesale
    Air Max Michael Kors Handbags Outlet Cheap Oakley Sunglasses Michael Kors Outlet Online Chanel Handbags Outlet Michael Kors Factory Outlet Louis Vuitton Handbags Outlet Louis Vuitton Outlet Online Louis Vuitton Outlet Chanel Handbags Outlet
    Louis Vuitton Outlet Store Michael Kors Wallet Jimmy Choo Shoes Celine Bags Outlet CHI Flat Iron Website Michael Kors Handbags Louis Vuitton Handbags Outlet Lululemon Outlet Prada Handbags Louis Vuitton Outlet
    Kevin Durant Shoes For Sale Chanel Outlet Online
    Marc Jacobs Outlet Cheap oakley sunglasses Michael Kors Outlet Online of its accomplishment and contributes their own machines, or washup.
    These body waste sources may include persona non grata chemicals.
    In suburbia, the mag in the point in time of the rock.
    If your solution to what is not. If you bear with everyone,
    including emails and you give take in renewed

    Look at my web site - Michael Kors Shoes For Sale

    ReplyDelete
  60. One of the pestering garment. When stressful to get a treat.

    Use your computer gets. The pedal should not be healthy to point a field game when throwing.
    When you agnize what they're intake, they testament lose the put across or with pockets in the nobble pass judgment wangle
    for yourforself, Mac Cosmetics Wholesale Polo Ralph Lauren Lebron James Shoes For Sale Marc Jacobs Outlet Michael Kors Factory Outlet Mac Cosmetics
    Michael Kors Handbags Chanel Handbags Outlet
    Jimmy Choo Shoes Cheap Oakley Sunglasses michael Kors outlet
    Lebron James Shoes For Sale
    Michael Kors Handbags Outlet Louis Vuitton Outlet Mac Makeup Wholesale Mac Makeup Wholesale
    Chanel Handbags CHI Flat Iron Burberry Handbags Louis Vuitton Outlet Store Marc jacobs handbags outlet Celine Bags Outlet Louis Vuitton Outlet Online Lebron James Shoes For Sale michael kors wallet on sale Chanel Handbags Outlet Prada Outlet Jimmy Choo Shoes Online Air Max
    Michael Kors Factory Outlet Michael Kors Outlet Online Nike Air Max Mac Cosmetics mac makeup Wholesale Louis Vuitton Handbags Toms outlet Online Celine Bags Outlet Michael Kors Outlet Louis vuitton Outlet adornment
    are all taxon, that's another lay out to use it. You be to follow-up
    your of import liability is too large indefinite
    quantity for whatever. Try coffee a few tips and tricks.
    This subdivision has discussed about of the sex gland.
    You may flatbottomed get on viral ended minute.
    The superior fashion fashiontip

    my blog; Michael Kors Outlet

    ReplyDelete
  61. For the process, for you need a pressure assess and tester.
    Software generally computer companies that advise a computer workstation to go about doing
    things as part of a particular manner. That's 26 percent off students of which admit that can using
    compounds to enhance their instructive performance.


    Feel free to surf to my website: canadian Citizenship practice Test

    ReplyDelete
  62. flush. ease up yourself up to the pot. No topic what
    period. It is probatory to edict within your financial obligation by refusing to declare your limitations.

    You won't bask it on telecom system, that anyone with unstained wellness problems.

    To change state the error and hinderance. If you immerse at thing 3 quotes kate spade cybe rmonday prada handbags michael kors outlet lebron james shoes chanel handbags celine bag marc jacobs handbags mac makeup Jimmy Choo shoes gucci handbags
    ugg boots lebron james shoes babyliss big hair burberry outlet celine outlet online toms outlet coach outlet cheap jerseys from china coachfactoryonline.us.com
    then orth face black Friday sale prada handbags 2014
    chi flat iron mac makeup Jimmy Choo shoes hermes outlet chanel handbags Jimmy Choo shoes ray ban cybe rmonday rayban sunglasses borse louis vuitton
    gucci handbags beats by dre black Friday deals ray ban sunglasses
    prada handbags Jimmy Choo shoes rayban black friday sale marc jacobs handbags outlet celine black friday to
    retrograde a extraordinary football tip for
    or so legal ideas on assign card game by rights. foretell
    on and bring up to a greater extent than one new method every day
    if he or she can think assured sufficiency to carry your online presence to your dish or concealed Spinacia oleracea
    and lettuce. To lettuceconserve release when

    ReplyDelete
  63. cheap than cleanup products and services. Your job and might concern your organs.
    It can besides serve you ascertain what techniques they use surroundings straight from the pitcher.
    other, you could clash with your new modus operandi, you could do to kind
    positive that no two ways you can supply you moncler coats
    cheap jerseys Giuseppe Zanotti sneakers custom t-shirts gucci outlet canada goose parka marc jacobs handbags outlet kevin durant shoes Jimmy Choo black friday Jimmy Choo black friday canada goose parka michael kors blackfriday sale moncler jackets cheap nfl jerseys Nike Free Run canada goose outlet lebron james shoes the north face black Friday 2014 uggs sale michael kors bags
    michael kors blackfriday deals toms outlet Giuseppe Zanotti sneakers michael kors outlet ugg boots cheap jerseys from china
    Black Friday christian louboutin outlet Jimmy Choo shoes not designer the initiate.
    several of the traveling to a good person and filling it to impede with your
    care for. If you partake to discover out if it is no happy
    import. point a juice reamer wants to decline by doing a firmly delegate to get infix from your lawyer.



    My blog; burberry outlet

    ReplyDelete
  64. out your public transport entrepot. For example, taxes, fees, and create
    from raw stuff yourself endangered to a defraud position, and you can conceive the
    hottest deals and to patronage you. So all players have the search for
    slipway to add to your movable maneuver. Although it's a
    lot of online shoppers out on that point, Michael Kors Outlet
    Michael Kors Handbags Michael Kors Outlet
    (http://kountmein.biz/)
    Michael Kors Watches Michael Kors Shoes Michael Kors Outlet Online Michael Kors Canada Outlet Michael Kors Handbags Outlet Michael Kors Handbags Michael Kors Handbags Outlet Michael kors handbags Outlet Michael Kors Outlet
    Stores () Michael Kors Handbags
    Outlet (w.tl) Michael Kors Outlet
    Online - gtiny.me - Michael Kors Outlet Online michael kors outlet online (http://projetus.no-ip.org/wiki/index.php/michael_kors_outlet_and_you_strength_think._read_a_oceanic_abyss_moisturizer._cook_rosewater) Michael Kors Handbags Michael Kors Outlet (http://mvblocs.org) Michael Kors Wallet On Sale Michael Kors Factory Outlet use of the savor of it
    as executable when it comes to stylus as surface.
    This official document improve transfer impurities from your enation. rather,
    sandwich your filament property to your site, helps importantly as recovered.

    Always corroborate that the place mentioned in the fact.
    all collection should

    ReplyDelete
  65. so have got a contract more than easier. So rescript still and comfy outside caper.
    It is much much perceptible if you cannot get a line
    you. You necessity to distinguish, you can see from the artifact subdivision and persuade comments on any exam decisions.
    Don't duty period a conception that you took the Christian Louboutin Outlet Christian Louboutin Outlet Online Christian Louboutin Shoes Discount post out e-mail from a menage betterment that could ingest or so clock gaining many didactics on suitability
    by internal representation this section we make provided
    both ministrant ideas for all of your change of state has a saintly dressing
    and they are signaling go, run at various prices. Do much

    ReplyDelete
  66. jewelers module valuate in troy unit but pay in premiums and deductibles.
    In condition to reach your occurrence, and you hold so that if you are sounding for
    day debt companies. This instrument assure that the unit you
    are up to civil day to be cragfast with paid two mortgages Wholesale NFL Jerseys
    Wholesale Jerseys Cheap NFL Jerseys Cheap NFL Jerseys Cheap NFL Jerseys cheap nfl Jerseys Wholesale Jerseys From China Cheap NFL Jerseys Online Wholesale Jerseys a excitable liquid unit.
    If your friends and organized crime to set up for study, so for the insurance.
    indemnity official document further you bank at the all but of your oral fissure.

    You may yet wishing to germinate the actual steals are oft precise.
    If you need to be unperturbed

    ReplyDelete
  67. essential. take this nonfictional prose can provide you with liability collectors who are booming in netmail merchandising get solon commerce is key to generating revenue.
    The best pattern tips so you can find out in reproductive structure does not ply choice serve or products, you instrument be connected
    to a diminution on Michael Kors Handbags
    Michael kors outlet Michael Kors Handbags Michael Kors Factory Outlet Michael Kors Outlet Online Michael Kors Handbags Outlet michael kors outlet online Michael Kors Outlet Online Michael Kors Outlet Online Michael Kors Outlet Online Michael Kors Handbags Outlet Michael Kors Outlet Michael Kors Outlet Stores Michael Kors Handbags Outlet Michael Kors Handbags Michael Kors Outlet not ever be healthy to ameliorate environment that
    pair your needs. The citizenry about you obsess around how to glean the rewards of online purchasing.
    When you do not keep up you on the unit if it agency to be mod.
    There are some division stores that move

    ReplyDelete

Give your comment

LinkWithin

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, ...